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Pharmacy services

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Pharmacy services

  1. 1. Presented by, Lakshmi Priya.R Rani.T 1
  2. 2. CONTENTS Aspects of Hospital Services  Introduction  Necessity  Pharmacy Services  Functions  Pharmacist  Maintenance  Information & Report  Conclusion  References  2
  3. 3. ASPECTS OF HOSPITAL SERVICES LINE SERVICES AUXILIARY SERVICES SUPPORTIVE /STAFF SERVICES 3
  4. 4. LINE SERVICES: - Emergency Services - Out-patient Services - In-patient Services(Wards) - Intensive Care Unit(ICU) - Operation Theatre(OT)  SUPPORTIVE SERVICES: - CSSD - Diet Management - Pharmacy Services - Laundry - Laboratory - Radiology - Nursing Services  4
  5. 5.  AUXILIARY SERVICES: - Registration and Indoor case records - Stores - Transport - Mortuary - Dietary Services - Engineering and Maintenance services - Hospital Security 5
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION TO PHARMACY SERVICES Pharmacy are premises licensed for retail sale or supply of drugs to the hospital, which have qualified licensed persons and indulged in compounding of drugs.  The Hospital Pharmacy purchases and dispenses all the medications used to treat the patients in the hospital.  Approximately 20% of the hospital costs are accounted by medicines &pharmaceutical supplies.  The pharmacist works directly with the medical staff in establishing a formulary, the listing of drugs chosen to be included in the pharmacy.  6
  7. 7. NECESSITY OF PHARMACY SERVICES Availability of the right drug at the required place at the time of need is the key to the Hospitals existence.  Efficiency in Pharmacy would help to ensure effective treatment programmes.  Delays can be disastrous; non-availability can be horrifying in terms of mortality and morbidity.  7
  8. 8. PHARMACY SERVICES TYPES OF PHARMACY PHYSICAL PLANNING PHARMACY SERVICES PHARMACY SERVICES INDENTING STORAGE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS STAFF ORGANISING 8
  9. 9. TYPES OF PHARMACIES COMMUNITY PHARMACY VETERINARY PHARMACY HOSPITAL PHARMACY CLINICAL PHARMACY INTERNET PHARMACY COMPUNDING PHARMACY NUCLEAR PHARMACY 9
  10. 10. PHYSICAL PLANNING LOCATION SIZE STORAGE AREA PREPARATION AREA PRESCRIPTION AREA FINISHING 10
  11. 11. STAFFING There should be a Drug and Therapeutic Committee for advise and decision making.  A chief pharmacist in hospital with more than 200 beds.  2 pharmacists for 100 bedded hospital.  3 pharmacists for 200 bedded hospital.  7 pharmacists for 500 bedded and more.  11
  12. 12. DRUG & THERAPEUTIC COMMITTEE Advisory & Decision making committee, necessary for efficient functioning of Pharmacy services.  Consists of medical & nursing staff(users), Chief Pharmacist & the administrator(providers).  Purpose: - To prepare Hospital Formulary - Selection of Manufacturers and suppliers - Choice of drugs to be added or deleted - Framing of overall policy for services - Considering preliminary budget  12
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  14. 14. FUNCTIONS OF PHARMACY SERVICES Provisioning , purchasing, storing and distributing drugs, medicinal preparations, pharmaceutical and chemical sundry items.  Ensuring potency and quality of drugs during their storage in the hospital.  Dispensing prescriptions to in-patients &out-patients.  Maintaining information regarding quality, cost and sources of supply of all drugs.  To investigate pharmaceutical problems arising in the medications.  To keep a watch on the adherence by all concerned to hospital formulary.  14
  15. 15. PHARMACIST    A properly organized Pharmacy department should be under the direction of a professionally competent and qualified pharmacist. Pharmacists: Health care professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use. Responsibilities: - Advice to patients & customers. - Supply of medicines. - Maintenance of approved stock of antidotes & other emergency drugs. - Inspection of all supplies at user points. - Preparing periodic reports and returns on the utilization of pharmacy services. 15
  16. 16. WWHAM PROTOCOL W ho is the medicine for?  W hat are the symptoms?  H ow long have you had the symptoms?  A ction taken?  M edication-other conditions?  16
  17. 17. INDIA PHARMACEUTICAL ASSOCIATION It is the premier professional pharmacists association in India.  Over 10,000 member & 33 local branches.  Aim- setting of Hospital Pharmacy in each hospital.  It has been working towards constantly upgrading the standards of professional services offered by the pharmacists.  INTERNATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL FEDERATION 17
  18. 18. MAINTENANCE Drugs and Therapeutics Committee  Hospital Formulary  Inventory Management: - Purchase - Size of inventory - Turnover - Storage facility & stock location system - Emergency drugs  Quality & Drug Information Centre  Charges for drugs  18
  19. 19. INFORMATION & REPORTING Total no. and value of items dispensed for out-patients and in patients.  Frequency of emergency demands from wards.  No. of out-patients prescriptions.  Volume of drugs dispensed through Pharmacy.  19
  20. 20. CONCLUSION The hospital Pharmacy is indispensible in the treatment of patients.  Each large hospital will need a pharmacy, with a wellqualified pharmacist in charge.  It is advantageous in efficient operations of the Hospital.  “The Pharmacy, despite its apparent autonomy, must not lose sight of its role as team player in Hospital planning.”- quoted by Benjamin and Kemppainess.  20
  21. 21. REFERENCES “Hospital Administration and Management: Theory and Practice.” by R.Kumar and S.L.Goel.  http://www.spherehandbook.org/en/health-systemsstandard-3-drugs-and-medical-supplies/  http://www.slideshare.net/Faseela/hospitaladministration  http://www.slideshare.net/akareem2/bm-sakharkarprinciples-of-hospital-administration-and-planning-2ndedition  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0awbCil8LY  http://www.ipapharma.org/HospitalPharmadivisions.as px  http://www.slideshare.net/NcDas/hospital-pharmacy8384928  21
  22. 22. QUERIES? 22

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