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Clouds, Open-ness, and IT PatternsRandy Bias, CTO & Co-FounderNIST Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV, November - 2011
Cloudification                2
What is Cloud Computing?On demand                   Self-serviceservices?                   Web Apps?                ? IT-...
... could it be something else?On demand                      Self-serviceservices?                      Web Apps? IT-as-a...
... could it be something else?On demand                      Self-serviceservices?                      Web Apps?        ...
Enterprise Computing (Legacy)                                5
Cloud Computing (Web-scale)                              6
Cloud Computing’s Pioneers
IT - Disruption & Evolution       Mainframe            Enterprise            Cloud       Computing            Computing   ...
IT - Disruption & Evolution       Mainframe            Enterprise            Cloud       Computing            Computing   ...
IT - Disruption & Evolution       Mainframe            Enterprise            Cloud       Computing            Computing   ...
IT - Disruption & Evolution       Mainframe            Enterprise            Cloud       Computing            Computing   ...
IT - Evolution of Computing Models   SLA  Scaling Hardware HA Type SoftwareConsumption               Mainframe   Enterpris...
IT - Evolution of Computing Models   SLA          99.999  Scaling                   Vertical Hardware      Custom HA Type ...
IT - Evolution of Computing Models   SLA          99.999                   99.9  Scaling                   Vertical       ...
IT - Evolution of Computing Models   SLA          99.999                   99.9                    Always On  Scaling     ...
Essential Understanding“The cloud lets its            “... get into the [Google] mind-users focus on                 set ....
Amazon Web Services  (a guiding light)                      11
Why is AWS Different?
SCALE
AWS uses non-Enterprise IT patterns   IT Pattern             EnterpriseSLA Target (Uptime)   99.999% (pretend)       99.95...
1990’s “Big App” in the Enterprise100K end users?                                     15
2010’s “Big App” on the Internet 800M+end users                                    16
“Enterprise-class” isn’tgood enough any more
Cloud Computing is the new IT -an IT that is massive scale for utility use     Mainframe      Enterprise     Cloud        ...
Cloud Computing                  19
Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down                                  20
Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down                                  20
Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down   +Commodity Hardware                                    20
Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down   +         +Commodity Hardware                                    20
Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down                      Scale Engineering   +         +Commodity Hardware                    ...
Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down                      Scale Engineering   +         +              +Commodity Hardware     ...
Open Source
Commodity Hardware
Scale Engineering
Operational Excellence
Open Clouds?Combination of:  Open Network (Internet)  Open APIs (AWS? OpenStack API?)  Open Source (OpenStack, Hadoop, Cas...
OpenStack      Momentum          •   >50,000 downloads          •   600+ Summit attendees          •   1,200+ active parti...
Call to Arms               27
Action Plan #1 - How to Build ITLearn from the pioneers  AMZN & GOOG, not VMW  Next generation vendors  Scale engineering ...
Action Plan #2 - How the Gov Can Help Support Open Initiatives:   OpenStack, Open Compute, etc. Press AMZN to Open License...
Thank You!       twitter: @randybiasemail: randyb@cloudscaling.com
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Clouds, Open-ness, and IT Patterns for NIST

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Presentation to NIST re: cloud computing, open clouds, and the disruption to existing enterprise IT patterns.

A lot of the content was delivered verbally, so the deck makes less sense standalone. Note that NIST is supposed to eventually post the video.

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Clouds, Open-ness, and IT Patterns for NIST

  1. 1. Clouds, Open-ness, and IT PatternsRandy Bias, CTO & Co-FounderNIST Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV, November - 2011
  2. 2. Cloudification 2
  3. 3. What is Cloud Computing?On demand Self-serviceservices? Web Apps? ? IT-as-a- Service? Virtualization? 3
  4. 4. ... could it be something else?On demand Self-serviceservices? Web Apps? IT-as-a- Service? Virtualization? 4
  5. 5. ... could it be something else?On demand Self-serviceservices? Web Apps? Disruption? IT-as-a- Service? Virtualization? 4
  6. 6. Enterprise Computing (Legacy) 5
  7. 7. Cloud Computing (Web-scale) 6
  8. 8. Cloud Computing’s Pioneers
  9. 9. IT - Disruption & Evolution Mainframe Enterprise Cloud Computing Computing Computing "Big Iron" "Client-Server" "Web"1960 1980 2000 2020 8
  10. 10. IT - Disruption & Evolution Mainframe Enterprise Cloud Computing Computing Computing "Big Iron" "Client-Server" "Web"1960 1980 2000 2020 Disruption 8
  11. 11. IT - Disruption & Evolution Mainframe Enterprise Cloud Computing Computing Computing "Big Iron" "Client-Server" "Web"1960 1980 2000 2020 Disruption Disruption 8
  12. 12. IT - Disruption & Evolution Mainframe Enterprise Cloud Computing Computing Computing "Big Iron" "Client-Server" "Web"1960 1980 2000 2020 Disruption Disruption Disruption 8
  13. 13. IT - Evolution of Computing Models SLA Scaling Hardware HA Type SoftwareConsumption Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 9
  14. 14. IT - Evolution of Computing Models SLA 99.999 Scaling Vertical Hardware Custom HA Type Hardware Software CentralizedConsumption Centralized Service Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 9
  15. 15. IT - Evolution of Computing Models SLA 99.999 99.9 Scaling Vertical Horizontal Hardware Custom Enterprise HA Type Hardware Software Software Centralized DecentralizedConsumption Centralized Shared Service Service Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 9
  16. 16. IT - Evolution of Computing Models SLA 99.999 99.9 Always On Scaling Vertical Horizontal Hardware Custom Enterprise Commodity HA Type Hardware Software Software Centralized Decentralized DistributedConsumption Centralized Shared Self-service Service Service Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 9
  17. 17. Essential Understanding“The cloud lets its “... get into the [Google] mind-users focus on set ... robustness ... has to bedelivering designed into your software ...differentiating assume that the hardware [is] ...business value ... ” unreliable and broken ... at any point.”-- Werner Vogels, Amazon CTO -- Adrian Cockcroft, Netflix Chief Cloud Architect 10
  18. 18. Amazon Web Services (a guiding light) 11
  19. 19. Why is AWS Different?
  20. 20. SCALE
  21. 21. AWS uses non-Enterprise IT patterns IT Pattern EnterpriseSLA Target (Uptime) 99.999% (pretend) 99.95% (realistic)SLA Actual 99.9% (if lucky) 99.99% (or more)Scaling Vertical HorizontalHardware Vanity Hardware Commodity HardwareHA Type Use hardware and pray Use software and plan for failureSoftware Arch Centralized & brittle Decentralized and isolated fault domainsConsumption Model Call the help desk Self-service 14
  22. 22. 1990’s “Big App” in the Enterprise100K end users? 15
  23. 23. 2010’s “Big App” on the Internet 800M+end users 16
  24. 24. “Enterprise-class” isn’tgood enough any more
  25. 25. Cloud Computing is the new IT -an IT that is massive scale for utility use Mainframe Enterprise Cloud 18
  26. 26. Cloud Computing 19
  27. 27. Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down 20
  28. 28. Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down 20
  29. 29. Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down +Commodity Hardware 20
  30. 30. Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down + +Commodity Hardware 20
  31. 31. Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down Scale Engineering + +Commodity Hardware 20
  32. 32. Cloud Computing ... Boiled Down Scale Engineering + + +Commodity Hardware Operational Excellence 20
  33. 33. Open Source
  34. 34. Commodity Hardware
  35. 35. Scale Engineering
  36. 36. Operational Excellence
  37. 37. Open Clouds?Combination of: Open Network (Internet) Open APIs (AWS? OpenStack API?) Open Source (OpenStack, Hadoop, Cassandra) Open Hardware (Open Compute) Open Standards (TBD?)No single ownerMeaning ... Federation, interoperability, and leverage 25
  38. 38. OpenStack Momentum • >50,000 downloads • 600+ Summit attendees • 1,200+ active participants In use today at scale • RAX running storage at >30PB • NASA at >20,000 VMs • Govt Agency running 600+ nodes • Govt Agency using it for HPC • KT / INAP at >2.5 PB storage • HP - 1000 nodes, >2 PB • Mercado Libre - 5,000 VMs 26
  39. 39. Call to Arms 27
  40. 40. Action Plan #1 - How to Build ITLearn from the pioneers AMZN & GOOG, not VMW Next generation vendors Scale engineering & operational excellenceOpen Clouds are the future Open source is key Skate to where puck will be 28
  41. 41. Action Plan #2 - How the Gov Can Help Support Open Initiatives: OpenStack, Open Compute, etc. Press AMZN to Open License their APIs What if Gov only talked to open licensed APIs? Avoids lock-in and opens market to competition Demand open cloud solutions in bids 29
  42. 42. Thank You! twitter: @randybiasemail: randyb@cloudscaling.com

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