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Ss Regional Diplomacy


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Ss Regional Diplomacy

  1. 1. Regional Diplomacy Randall Heng Seryun Tang Chew Zhi Yong 1
  2. 2. Regional Relations • An association of countries in a region • Will be in better position when dealing with other countries or associations. • European Union (EU) • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Textbook Page 181
  3. 3. ASEAN • Established in 1967 with 5 countries • Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines and Thailand • Currently 10 members • Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia Textbook Page 181
  4. 4. Why was ASEAN formed? • Southeast Asia was going through economic, political and security challenges. • Southeast Asian political leaders saw the need for a regional organization to maintain stability and build trust. • Thus, ASEAN was formed. Textbook Page 182
  5. 5. Three aims of ASEAN • Promote economic, social and cultural development of the region; • Protect the peace and stability of the region; and • Provide opportunities for member countries to discuss and resolve differences peacefully. Textbook Page 181
  6. 6. Singapore’s Participation in ASEAN • ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) • ASEAN Regional Forum ( ARF) • ASEAN Scholarship
  7. 7. ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) • The AFTA agreement was signed on 28 January 1992 in Singapore. • The primary goals of AFTA seek to: • increase ASEAN's competitive edge as a production base in the world market through the elimination, within ASEAN, of tariffs and non- tariff barriers; and • Attract more foreign direct investment to ASEAN.
  8. 8. ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) • The ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) is a formal, official, multilateral dialogue in Asia Pacific region. • As of July 2007, it is consisted of 27 participants. • ARF objectives are to foster dialogue and consultation, and promote confidence-building and preventive diplomacy in the region. • The current participants in the ARF are as follows: all the ASEAN members, Australia,Bangladesh, Canada, the People's Republic of China, the European Union,
  9. 9. ASEAN Scholarship • It is a scholarship program offered by the Government of Singapore to 9 ASEAN Countries. • Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, The Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. • The ASEAN Scholarships aim to provide opportunities to the young people of ASEAN to develop their potential and equip them with skills that will enable them to confidently step into the new millennium.
  10. 10. Benefits of Singapore’s 15 A drop in average taxes after the launch 11.25 of AFTA 7.5 3.75 0 1993 2003 Year
  11. 11. Why is Regional Relations the most • Strength always come in numbers. • Therefore the strength of ASEAN is definitely much stronger than that established in Bilateral Relationships.
  12. 12. Why is Regional Relations the most • However, when the association becomes to big, it is very difficult to voice opinions. • It is very difficult to express opinions since Singapore is a very small country as compared to the rest of the world. • Therefore International Relationships are not as important as Regional Relationships.