William Shakespeare

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William Shakespeare

  1. 1. William Shakespeare Life and Work Raffaele Nardella
  2. 2. Shakespeare’s youth <ul><li>Stratford-on-Avon 1564 </li></ul><ul><li>Financial problems </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar School </li></ul><ul><li>Anna Hathaway 1582 </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  3. 3. Actor and Playwright <ul><li>London 1592 </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Chamberlain’s Men </li></ul><ul><li>King’s Men </li></ul><ul><li>Stage and Sonnets </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  4. 4. Works <ul><li>Sonnets </li></ul><ul><li>First Folio 1623 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History Plays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romantic Comedies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Tragedies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romances </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  5. 5. History Plays <ul><li>100 years of English History </li></ul><ul><li>2 Tetralogies </li></ul><ul><li>Henry VI (parts 1,2,3); Richard III </li></ul><ul><li>Richard II; Henry IV (parts 1,2); Henry V </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  6. 6. History Plays <ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyal Courtier -> Tudor Myth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theatre as Institution displaying Royal Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subversive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demystifier -> Politics and Morality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theatre as a Social Event influenced by lower classes </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  7. 7. Tragedies <ul><li>Universal Psychological Traits </li></ul><ul><li>Historically Specific Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Tragic Hero’s inner struggle -> Opposing Models of Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Old Medieval World -> Upcoming Humanism (Hamlet) </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  8. 8. Comedies <ul><li>Models: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plautus, Terence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commedia dell’Arte </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mystery and Morality Plays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vernacular Comic Traditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Structure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist – Young Woman – Obstacles – Happy Ending </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  9. 9. Romances <ul><li>Incredible Plots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mistaken ids, disguises, pretended deaths, supernatural elements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No Aristotelian Unities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Action, Time, Space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote, Exotic, Courtly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tragicomedies </li></ul><ul><li>A Mix of Artifice and Reality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Play-within-the Play </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella

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