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The Tools Of Fiction


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The Tools Of Fiction

  1. 1. The Tools of Fiction Raffaele Nardella
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The Novel  18th century Europe - Middle Class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiction  FINGERE + Representation of REAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prose (Poetic elements) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long Investigation of a human issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Features of a Narrative Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrator </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  3. 3. <ul><li>Place and Time </li></ul><ul><li>Time setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Season </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Context  Social historical factors </li></ul><ul><li>Place Setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Detailed Description  Protagonist </li></ul>Setting Raffaele Nardella Description of landscapes, interiors, objects
  4. 4. The Characters <ul><li>Presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct (the writer says) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect (the reader infer) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixing of both  realistic & psycological </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major / Minor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat / Round </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flat = Types, Caricatures  single psycological trait </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Round = more complex  changing personality influencing the plot </li></ul></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  5. 5. The narrator <ul><li>The narrator  voice = point of view </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal = inside the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External = outside the story </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1st-person narrator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I” mode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reader close to the narrator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impression of reality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restrict reader’s perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3rd-person narrator  Omniscent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtrusive, focusing on the act of narration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unobtrusive, like a camera, no interfering </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella