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Augustan Age The Rise Of Journalism

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Augustan Age The Rise Of Journalism

  1. 1. Augustan Age The Rise of Journalism Raffaele Nardella
  2. 2. The Rise of Journalism <ul><li>Interest of the Middle Class in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Desire of the Middle Class: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To be informed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To discuss events, famous people </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  3. 3. The Periodicals <ul><li>Joseph Addison (“The Spectator”) </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Steel (“The Tatler”) </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects of general interests: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fashion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aim: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moral Teachings and Entertainment </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  4. 4. The Tatler <ul><li>3 times a week </li></ul><ul><li>1711 </li></ul><ul><li>Casual and conversational style </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  5. 5. The Spectator <ul><li>Daily (no on Sundays) 1711-1712 </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Spectator  imaginary club </li></ul><ul><li>Comments upon: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>customs and morals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>virtues and vices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different social classes </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and simple style </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation outside England (“Il Caffè” – Verri) </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella
  6. 6. Other Periodicals <ul><li>Novelists  careers as journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Jonathan Swift “The Examiner” (whig ministers) </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Defoe “The Review” (home & foreign policy) </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella