Augustan Age The First Hanoverians

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Augustan Age The First Hanoverians

  1. 1. The First Hanoverians Raffaele Nardella http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/William_Pitt_the_Younger_at_Westminster.gif
  2. 2. The Whigs and the Tories <ul><li>Royalists </li></ul><ul><li>Tories (1679-1680) Irish outlaws Church </li></ul><ul><li>Divine right Landowners </li></ul><ul><li> Power No religious tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Anne +/ Hanovers – </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentarians </li></ul><ul><li>Whigs (1679-1680) Cattle drivers Wealthy Classes </li></ul><ul><li>Strong Foreign Policy Commercial Classes </li></ul><ul><li>Religious tolerance </li></ul><ul><li> Power Commerce and Industry </li></ul><ul><li>1714 – 1760 </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet (without the King) </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella http://www.mevx.net/2008-09-28/speaker_of_the_house.aspx
  3. 3. The First Prime Minister <ul><li>Robert Walpole (20 years) </li></ul><ul><li>England out of foreign conflicts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flourishing of trade  Removal of custom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>duties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>George I </li></ul><ul><li>10 Downing Street </li></ul><ul><li>Agrarian and Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloth-making industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron-melting process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of Capital and Banks + Poor Transport Facilities </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella http://www.gac.culture.gov.uk/gac_images/Fullsize/00007.jpg
  4. 4. William Pitt Raffaele Nardella http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/31/3531-004-A302D040.jpg <ul><li>Mercantilistic Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Set of values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>prestige </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Middle class man (Defoe) </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of colonies </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Expansion of the Middle Class </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Mines - Factories - Walpole </li></ul><ul><li>Large estates  Aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Artisans & Craftsmen </li></ul><ul><li>Hard work for low wage </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Population </li></ul><ul><li>No political rights – Terrible conditions </li></ul>English Society in the 18th century Raffaele Nardella http://www.michellehiggs.co.uk/images/Instruction%20of%20Pauper%20Children,%20ILN%201872.jpg
  6. 6. English Society in the 18th century <ul><li>Living conditions of children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>London 51% dead before 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apprentices at 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chimney-sweepers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workhouses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking habits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized crime </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life in the Countryside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enclosure system (no open fields) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Misery of labourers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban proletariat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement of farming methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transformation of landscape </li></ul></ul>Raffaele Nardella http://lve.scola.ac-paris.fr/anglais/images/Literature/work.jpg http://www.hrfw.supanet.com/St_Mary_Stoke_Ips.jpg
  7. 7. The Coffee-Houses http://harryosoffdesign.com/fyi/images/coffeehouse_17thCentury.gif <ul><li>News, gossip, entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Same function as theatre in the Elizabethan Age </li></ul><ul><li>Postal system </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>box number for advertisers in newspapers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>meeting places </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Gathering points </li></ul><ul><li>Public opinion and journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Just for men </li></ul>Raffaele Nardella

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