additional reading for chapter one for 1st semester for KU's BBA

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additional reading for chapter one for 1st semester for KU's BBA

  1. 1.  Presented by: Group D
  2. 2. Additional Readings • Polite but Thirsty ~Yaping Tang Friends and Strangers ~Margaret K. Nydell A Coward ~Premchand • The Blind Men and the Elephant A Hindu Fable ~John Godfrey Saxe Humor
  3. 3. Group Members: Abhinav Das Shrestha Sandeep Kundaliya Samrat Lamichhane Sandhya Tandukar Ankita Sarawagi(Editor) Ashitosh Dhakal Deepak Poudel Yogita Bajracharya
  4. 4. Polite but Thirsty -Yaping Tang
  5. 5. About the Author -Yaping Tang Native of People’s Republic of China Bilingual educational teacher in U.S. Extracted essay from MATSOL Currents
  6. 6. Contents Unfamiliar environment New observations Coping and adjustment Social vulnerability Conclusion
  7. 7. Unfamiliar environment Unaware of the codes of new culture Remain silent and withdraw from others Look like deaf mutes, feel dominated
  8. 8. New observations Adventure Informal behavior of Americans Direct and openness of Americans Equality among Americans
  9. 9. Coping and adjustments Feel embarrassed Psychological suffering Economic hardship Academic Pressure
  10. 10. Social vulnerability Fear of being cheated, robbed or injured Feeling of insecurity Loss of status
  11. 11. Conclusion Face unfamiliar culture Try to cope/ adjust Learning new responses and skills
  12. 12. Any Queries…..
  13. 13. FRIENDS AND STRANGERS -Margaret K. Nydell
  14. 14. CONTENTS ABOUT THE AUTHOR THE CONCEPT OF FRIENDSHIP RECIPROCAL FAVORS INTRODUCTION VISITING PATTERNS
  15. 15. About the author A cross-cultural trainer Teacher of Arabic Written several books on the Arabic language Lectured on Arab culture
  16. 16. CONCEPT According to Arabians  Someone whose company one enjoys  Personalized According to Westerner  Someone whose company is enjoyed  Someone who can be asked for help if necessary
  17. 17. DIFFERENCE IN EXPECTATION Leads to misunderstanding Feeling of being let down Arabians feels westerner cannot be “true friend”.
  18. 18. RECIPROCAL FAVORS For Arabs One can never openly refuse friends request Oral promise has equal values as action Expects loyalty from friends For Westerner No matter about one replys for friend request Actions are more valued than words
  19. 19. INTRODUCTION For Arabs Give more information about themselves Determines social status and connection in first meet For Westerners Tend to confine personal information Share only generalities
  20. 20. VISITING PATTERNS For Arabs Frequent meeting No space for privacy Form of entertainment For westerners Keep acquaintances at a distance Plead for privacy
  21. 21. Any Queries…….
  22. 22. A Coward -Premchand
  23. 23. Author’s Introduction Premchand (1881-1936) One of the greatest author of modern India Founder of serious short stories in India New style of fiction
  24. 24. Character’s Sketch
  25. 25. Keshav- Sandeep From Brahmin Family Believed in new ways Opposed to the old caste customs
  26. 26. Prema - Yogita From Baniya family Believed in old ways and traditions Accustomed to old caste customs
  27. 27. Other Characters Prema’s mother - Ankita Prema’s father - Abhinav Keshav’s father - Deepak
  28. 28. Dear Keshav I was terribly upset when I heard about the rude and callous way your father treated mine. Perhaps he’s threatened you too, in which case I wait anxiously to hear what your decision is. I’m ready to undergo any kind of hardship with you. I’m aware of father’s wealth but all I need is your love to content me. Come tonight and have dinner with us. My mother and father are both eager to meet you. I’m caught up in the dream of when the two of us will be joined by that bond that cannot be broken, that remains strong no matter how great the difficulties. Your Prema Dear Keshav I was terribly upset when I heard about the rude and callous way your father treated mine. Perhaps he’s threatened you too, in which case I wait anxiously to hear what your decision is. I’m ready to undergo any kind of hardship with you. I’m aware of father’s wealth but all I need is your love to content me. Come tonight and have dinner with us. My mother and father are both eager to meet you. I’m caught up in the dream of when the two of us will be joined by that bond that cannot be broken, that remains strong no matter how great the difficulties. Your Prema
  29. 29. I'm in a terrible quandary about how to answer you. I’ve been desperate trying to figure out what to do and I’ve come to the conclusion that for the present it would be impossible for me to go against my father’s orders. Don’t think I’m a coward. I’m not being selfish either. But I don’t have the strength to get over the obstacle facing me. Forget what I told you before. At that time I had no idea of how hard it was going to be. Keshav
  30. 30. Critical Analysis Negative aspect of Hinduism Male dominant Discourages inter-caste marriage
  31. 31. Any Queries…
  32. 32. The Blind Men and the Elephant A Hindu Fable John Godfrey Saxe
  33. 33. Contents •About the poet •Missing stanza •Explanations of stanzas •Video •Moral of the poem
  34. 34. Introduction to the poet John Godfrey Saxe (June 2, 1816-1887). American Poet Best known for writing humorous verse and lectures
  35. 35. Missing stanza And so these men of Indostan Disputed loud and long, Each in his own opinion Exceeding stiff and strong, Though each was partly in the right, And all were in the wrong!
  36. 36. Explanation of the poem Six blind men go to see the elephant Each of them approach the elephant one by one The first man finds the elephant very much like a wall The second finds the elephant very much like a spear The third thinks it is like a snake The fourth thinks the elephant is like a tree The fifth thinks the elephant is like a fan The sixth thinks the elephant is like a rope
  37. 37. What the elephant would look like
  38. 38. Moral of the poem We shouldn’t consider only one aspect of the truth Things are not always what we think they are Different people have different perceptions No one can attain perfect knowledge We should not consider our point of view only We should learn all aspects and bring them together
  39. 39. Any Queries…….
  40. 40. HUMOR PRESIDENTS AND GIFTS
  41. 41. Cultural difference • Difficult to adopt • Misunderstanding an misinterpretation
  42. 42. Any Queries…….

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