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BY-
RAMYA DEEPTHI PULI
VIJAY MARIE COLLEGE OF NURSING
 Kyphosis is a curving of the spine that causes
a bowing or rounding of the back, which leads
to a hunchnack or stouching...
 There are three main
types of kyphosis.
 They are-
1. Postural
kyphosis
2. Scheuemann’s
kyphosis
3. Congenital
kyphosis
 It is the most common type of kyphosis.
 More common in girls than in boys which is typically noticed in
adolescent age...
 It is also first noticed
during adolescence
period.
 It is a result of structural
deformity
 It commonly develops
with...
 It is the least common type of abnormal kyphosis.
 It is caused by abnormal development of the
vertebrae prior to birth...
 It can occur at any age
 Very rare at birth
 Postural kyphosis occurs
as a result of poor posture
and weakening of mus...
 Certain endocrine
disorders
 Connective tissue
disorders
 Infection
 Muscular dystrophy
 Poliomyelitis
 Spina bifid...
 Difficulty in breathing
(only in severe cases)
 Fatigue
 Mild back pain
 Round back appearance
 Tenderness and
stiff...
 X-ray spine
 PFT
 MRI
Treatment depends upon the cause of disorder
 Congenital kyphosis requires corrective surgery
at early age.
 Scheuemann’...
 Scheuemann’s disorder in adolescents stops once
their growth stops.
 If the disorders occurs due to degenerative types,...
 Decreased lung capacity
 Disabling pain
 Neurological symptoms including legWeakening
or paralysis
 Round back deform...
LORDOSIS
 A normal spine when viewed from behind
appears straight .
 Lordosis is a medical term used to describe an
inward curvat...
 Cause of lordosis has been linked to
achondroplasia and spondylolisthesis
 Lordosis is also associated with poor postur...
 Prominence of buttocks
 Back pain
 Pain down the legs
 X- rays: done to measure and evaluate curve.
 Bone scans: to evaluate degenerative or
arthritic changes.Also helps to f...
 Based on-
 Childs age, overall health, medical history,
cause and extent of the condition.
 Goal of treatment is to st...
 Prognosis depends on child's age, amount of
curvature
 Requires frequent examination by the
physician to monitor curve ...
SCOLIOLSIS
 Scoliosis is the lateral curvature of the spine.
 As the spine curve, the vertebrae rotate, pulling
the ribs along.
 G...
 Depending on the etiology, scoliosis is of 3
major types:
1. Congenital
2. Neuromuscular
3. Idiopathic
 Embryologic malformation of spine during 3rd to
5thembryonic life
 Localized or generalized deformity:
1. Hemivertebra ...
 Secondary or neuropathic (polio myelitis,
cerebral palsy, myelomeningocele) which
results in imbalance.
 Initially flex...
 Occurs n first years of life
 Associated with intrauterine position
 Boys are more affected
 Usually left thoracic cu...
 Occurs in middle childhood
 Usually around 6 years
 Usually right thoracic curve
 Both sexes are equally affected.
 Occurs between age 10 and skeletal maturity
 Sven times more common in girls.
 Various curves are possible
 Fairly co...
Kyphosis lordosis
Kyphosis lordosis
Kyphosis lordosis
Kyphosis lordosis
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Kyphosis lordosis

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child health nursing

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Kyphosis lordosis

  1. 1. BY- RAMYA DEEPTHI PULI VIJAY MARIE COLLEGE OF NURSING
  2. 2.  Kyphosis is a curving of the spine that causes a bowing or rounding of the back, which leads to a hunchnack or stouching posture.
  3. 3.  There are three main types of kyphosis.  They are- 1. Postural kyphosis 2. Scheuemann’s kyphosis 3. Congenital kyphosis
  4. 4.  It is the most common type of kyphosis.  More common in girls than in boys which is typically noticed in adolescent age.  It is caused by poor posture and weakening of the muscle, ligaments in the back (paraspinous muscles)  The vertebrae are typically placed in postural kyphosis.  It progressively gets worse with time.  These people will have symptoms of pain and muscle fatigue.
  5. 5.  It is also first noticed during adolescence period.  It is a result of structural deformity  It commonly develops with scoliosis  Reasons are not well understood.
  6. 6.  It is the least common type of abnormal kyphosis.  It is caused by abnormal development of the vertebrae prior to birth  Occurs due to fusion of many vertebrae together.
  7. 7.  It can occur at any age  Very rare at birth  Postural kyphosis occurs as a result of poor posture and weakening of muscle and ligaments  Congenital kyphosis occurs as a results of improper development of vertebrae or fusion of vertebrae.
  8. 8.  Certain endocrine disorders  Connective tissue disorders  Infection  Muscular dystrophy  Poliomyelitis  Spina bifida  tumors
  9. 9.  Difficulty in breathing (only in severe cases)  Fatigue  Mild back pain  Round back appearance  Tenderness and stiffness
  10. 10.  X-ray spine  PFT  MRI
  11. 11. Treatment depends upon the cause of disorder  Congenital kyphosis requires corrective surgery at early age.  Scheuemann’s disorder is treated with braces and physical therapy  Kyphosis caused by tumors needs surgical correction.
  12. 12.  Scheuemann’s disorder in adolescents stops once their growth stops.  If the disorders occurs due to degenerative types, then they may need a surgical correction.
  13. 13.  Decreased lung capacity  Disabling pain  Neurological symptoms including legWeakening or paralysis  Round back deformity.
  14. 14. LORDOSIS
  15. 15.  A normal spine when viewed from behind appears straight .  Lordosis is a medical term used to describe an inward curvature of a portion of the lumbar and cervical vertebral column.
  16. 16.  Cause of lordosis has been linked to achondroplasia and spondylolisthesis  Lordosis is also associated with poor posture, a congenital problem with the vertebrae, neuromuscular problems, back surgery or a hip problem.  In children rickets may also leads to lordosis.
  17. 17.  Prominence of buttocks  Back pain  Pain down the legs
  18. 18.  X- rays: done to measure and evaluate curve.  Bone scans: to evaluate degenerative or arthritic changes.Also helps to find out bone tumors  MRI: to rule out associated problems  CT scan  Blood investigations. Early detection of Lordosis is important for proper and successful treatment
  19. 19.  Based on-  Childs age, overall health, medical history, cause and extent of the condition.  Goal of treatment is to stop the progression of the curve, prevent deformity  Simple exercises are sufficient , If Lordosis is associated with poor posture
  20. 20.  Prognosis depends on child's age, amount of curvature  Requires frequent examination by the physician to monitor curve as the child grows and develop.  Early detection helps in proper management.
  21. 21. SCOLIOLSIS
  22. 22.  Scoliosis is the lateral curvature of the spine.  As the spine curve, the vertebrae rotate, pulling the ribs along.  Generally a sideway curvature greater than 10 degrees is considered scoliosis.
  23. 23.  Depending on the etiology, scoliosis is of 3 major types: 1. Congenital 2. Neuromuscular 3. Idiopathic
  24. 24.  Embryologic malformation of spine during 3rd to 5thembryonic life  Localized or generalized deformity: 1. Hemivertebra ( only half formed) 2. Failure in segmentations (vertebra segments do not fully separate) 3. Rib fusion
  25. 25.  Secondary or neuropathic (polio myelitis, cerebral palsy, myelomeningocele) which results in imbalance.  Initially flexible, become rigid a sit progress.  Long C- Curvature generalized neuromuscular disease with severe muscle weakness.  S- Curve similar to idiopathic scoliosis occurs as a result of localized muscle imbalance.
  26. 26.  Occurs n first years of life  Associated with intrauterine position  Boys are more affected  Usually left thoracic curve is seen.
  27. 27.  Occurs in middle childhood  Usually around 6 years  Usually right thoracic curve  Both sexes are equally affected.
  28. 28.  Occurs between age 10 and skeletal maturity  Sven times more common in girls.  Various curves are possible  Fairly common  Majority are left curved.

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