Industry Perspective & Role
in Higher Education
Keynote Address at National Conference for Higher Education
at Kristu Jaya...
Design Specifications for Higher Education


Table of   Current Status & Gaps

Contents
           Industry Support for Hi...
Attributes of Education
“……
education must be inclusive and with quality
  ……

the three principles of access, equity and
...
Basic Questions

 What is the link between our
 system of higher education and
 today’s economic environment?

 How do we ...
Are we producing the skills of
       21st Century?


              NO
Why are Future Skills so
     Important?


       4 Reasons
1. We need to produce citizens of
            future.
2. The world is becoming flat.
3. Changing demographics.
4. The nature of work is
       changing.
Today’s Complex Industry
Scenario

 Goods – Services
 Component – System
 Partnership – Transaction
 Globalization – Local...
Future Changes and Challenges in
the Industry

 Focusing on Solutions
 Complexity in Technology
 The Global Industry
 Sust...
How many of your Parents &
Grandparents had only one job in
        their lifetimes?
How many jobs will a young
person change between age
          18-38?



    …8 to 10 jobs
Role of a Graduate in the Future

                 Specialist




                   Skills


    Integrator              ...
Four Basic Skills

 Communication
 Numeracy
 The use of information technology
 Learning how to learn
Skill Factors for Future Graduates
Domain or Technical           Social or Soft
(Defining Skills)             (Enabling Sk...
Average Importance of Future
Skills




  Are we aligned with the requirements of future?
Role of a Global Engineering
Graduate in 2 Years of Recruitment
Impact of Skill Deficiency
What is the future framework
   for higher education?
Framework for Higher Education
Our Current Education Model
Model that we need
Core Subjects



  - English         - Public Administration

  - Other Languages - Economics
  - Mathematics     - Arts
 ...
Thinking and Learning Skills


  •   Critical Thinking & Problem Solving Skills
  •   Creativity & Innovation Skills
  •  ...
ICT Literacy



  Information and communications
  technology (ICT) literacy is the ability
  to use technology to accompl...
How This Model Works?




                t
              en


                     An
                t
             on

...
Life Skills

•   Leadership
•   Ethics
•   Accountability
•   Adaptability
•   Personal Productivity
•   Personal Responsi...
21st Century Content


• Global Awareness
• Financial, Economic, Business and
  Entrepreneurship Literacy
• Civic Literacy...
These are the design
specifications of new higher
          education
Design Specifications for Higher Education


Table of   Current Status & Gaps

Contents
           Industry Support for Hi...
Current Status
 India has 421 Universities and 20,918 Colleges
 Enrollment in Higher Education – 11.3%
    Total enrolment...
The Demand Supply Gap

 India over the next five years will
 have surplus of un-trained and
 under-educated people - 1.3 m...
Government Initiatives – XIth Plan
 30 Central Universities –including one in each of the
 16 States so far uncovered
 Str...
Government Initiatives – XIth Plan
(Contd.)
 Increasing capacity of existing IITs & IIMs by 200%
 Strengthening of existin...
Are these initiatives sufficient?
Design Specifications for Higher Education


Table of   Current Status & Gaps

Contents
           Industry Support for Hi...
Higher Education and Industry
Need to Work Together
   Universities need to establish stronger ties to
   professional bod...
How Industry Can Contribute?

 Philanthropy
 Collaboration
 Enterprising
Philanthropy
 Investing in Institutions
    Niche, not for profit institutions, promoted by
    corporates
    Autonomous ...
Collaboration
   Research and Development
   Internship
   Graduate Training Programs
   Collaborative courses
   Funding ...
Enterprising
 Setup professionally run private
 Universities, Training Centres, Skill
 Development Centres, Vocational
 Ed...
Current Model has Limitations
 The Current Model under the Current
 Policy
   not scalable for our current and future need...
It is Time for Systemic Reforms
      Remove barriers as removed for the industries
      in 1991
      Focus on Governanc...
Keynote Address At Kristu Jayanti College
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Keynote Address At Kristu Jayanti College

  1. 1. Industry Perspective & Role in Higher Education Keynote Address at National Conference for Higher Education at Kristu Jayanti College, Bangalore Ram Purohit General Manager, Volvo India Member – CII Education Subcommittee 01 October 2009
  2. 2. Design Specifications for Higher Education Table of Current Status & Gaps Contents Industry Support for Higher Education
  3. 3. Attributes of Education “…… education must be inclusive and with quality …… the three principles of access, equity and excellence will not be compromised while implementing the educational reform agenda……” Kapil Sibal Union Minister for Human Resource Development 24th June 09
  4. 4. Basic Questions What is the link between our system of higher education and today’s economic environment? How do we define and assess the quality of outcome produced by the higher education system? We don’t have answers!
  5. 5. Are we producing the skills of 21st Century? NO
  6. 6. Why are Future Skills so Important? 4 Reasons
  7. 7. 1. We need to produce citizens of future.
  8. 8. 2. The world is becoming flat.
  9. 9. 3. Changing demographics.
  10. 10. 4. The nature of work is changing.
  11. 11. Today’s Complex Industry Scenario Goods – Services Component – System Partnership – Transaction Globalization – Localization Breadth – Depth Exploitation – Exploration
  12. 12. Future Changes and Challenges in the Industry Focusing on Solutions Complexity in Technology The Global Industry Sustainability The Innovation Imperative
  13. 13. How many of your Parents & Grandparents had only one job in their lifetimes?
  14. 14. How many jobs will a young person change between age 18-38? …8 to 10 jobs
  15. 15. Role of a Graduate in the Future Specialist Skills Integrator Change Agent
  16. 16. Four Basic Skills Communication Numeracy The use of information technology Learning how to learn
  17. 17. Skill Factors for Future Graduates Domain or Technical Social or Soft (Defining Skills) (Enabling Skills) Theoretical understanding Communication Practical application Team-working Technical breadth People Management Problem Solving Problem Solving Creativity and innovation Business skills Use of Information Learning skills Technology
  18. 18. Average Importance of Future Skills Are we aligned with the requirements of future?
  19. 19. Role of a Global Engineering Graduate in 2 Years of Recruitment
  20. 20. Impact of Skill Deficiency
  21. 21. What is the future framework for higher education?
  22. 22. Framework for Higher Education
  23. 23. Our Current Education Model
  24. 24. Model that we need
  25. 25. Core Subjects - English - Public Administration - Other Languages - Economics - Mathematics - Arts - Science - History - Engineering - Geography - Civics - Management …..
  26. 26. Thinking and Learning Skills • Critical Thinking & Problem Solving Skills • Creativity & Innovation Skills • Communication & Information Skills • Collaboration Skills • Contextual Learning • Information and Media Literacy
  27. 27. ICT Literacy Information and communications technology (ICT) literacy is the ability to use technology to accomplish thinking and learning skills
  28. 28. How This Model Works? t en An t on a lyt cC ic hi Th ap Geography in r og k in Ge g Global Positioning Software
  29. 29. Life Skills • Leadership • Ethics • Accountability • Adaptability • Personal Productivity • Personal Responsibility • People Skills • Self Direction • Social Responsibility
  30. 30. 21st Century Content • Global Awareness • Financial, Economic, Business and Entrepreneurship Literacy • Civic Literacy • Health & Wellness Awareness
  31. 31. These are the design specifications of new higher education
  32. 32. Design Specifications for Higher Education Table of Current Status & Gaps Contents Industry Support for Higher Education
  33. 33. Current Status India has 421 Universities and 20,918 Colleges Enrollment in Higher Education – 11.3% Total enrolment in Higher Education is 1.86 crore Expected to reach 2.2 crore by 2012 if India achieves 15 % GER Knowledge Commission - Creation of 1,500 colleges & Univ. to reach 15% GER by 2015 Growth of Higher education needed as per five year plan – 37% Growth of Higher education increase/year – 11% Demand for Higher education increase/year – 20% Human resource demand is increasing/year – 18%
  34. 34. The Demand Supply Gap India over the next five years will have surplus of un-trained and under-educated people - 1.3 million * India will fall short of real talent by about - 5.3 million* * Source: BCG, 2008
  35. 35. Government Initiatives – XIth Plan 30 Central Universities –including one in each of the 16 States so far uncovered Strengthening of 6000 colleges and 150 Universities not receiving UGC grant Establishment of 373 New Degree Colleges Expansion and up gradation of 200 State Technical Institutions; Up gradation of Technical Institutions/Department of 7 Universities 8 New IITs; 7 new IIMs; 5 IISERs, 2 SPAs, 20 new IIITs - as far as possible in the PPP mode. 10 new NITs 50 centers for training and research in frontier areas
  36. 36. Government Initiatives – XIth Plan (Contd.) Increasing capacity of existing IITs & IIMs by 200% Strengthening of existing polytechnics 1000 new polytechnics – 300 by State Govt, 300 in PPP mode, 300 by Pvt. Sector. 50,000 Skill Development Centres. National Education Mission through ICT Incentivizing State Govt. for expansion / up gradation of existing and new universities/professional institutions. Greater public and the private sector interface in Higher and Technical education Foreign collaborations, bilateral agreements & opening doors for quality foreign education providers
  37. 37. Are these initiatives sufficient?
  38. 38. Design Specifications for Higher Education Table of Current Status & Gaps Contents Industry Support for Higher Education
  39. 39. Higher Education and Industry Need to Work Together Universities need to establish stronger ties to professional bodies and businesses in their locale Industries need to contribute through professional bodies to help shape and inform up-to-date curriculum and course design Graduate Careers and Employment services to link students with employers and facilitating events which bring employers on campus Universities need to involve business representatives to actively participate through formal structures and committees
  40. 40. How Industry Can Contribute? Philanthropy Collaboration Enterprising
  41. 41. Philanthropy Investing in Institutions Niche, not for profit institutions, promoted by corporates Autonomous institutions imparting quality education invest in research establish chairs etc Other Donations – building, scholarships, student awards etc Academic - Volunteering for Lectures, Research & Development and Training Operational - Administration, Management other operational help
  42. 42. Collaboration Research and Development Internship Graduate Training Programs Collaborative courses Funding collaborative Projects & Research Higher Study along with Employment Faculty & Employees Exchange Infrastructural Support, Financial Support Promoting Industry – Academia Interface
  43. 43. Enterprising Setup professionally run private Universities, Training Centres, Skill Development Centres, Vocational Education, Distance Education Institutes etc Supplement govt.’s investment & efforts Supplement not-for-profit institutions Retain the number of students going abroad to study
  44. 44. Current Model has Limitations The Current Model under the Current Policy not scalable for our current and future needs not likely to fill the gap The current Private universities have done excellent by establishing in the existing framework Still not able to deliver to the potential that they can because of the limitations
  45. 45. It is Time for Systemic Reforms Remove barriers as removed for the industries in 1991 Focus on Governance instead of Regulations Bring Autonomy - Academic, Administrative & Financial Increase foreign collaboration If we can aim to be the largest exporter of IT services, Why can’t we aim at being largest exporter of education?

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