Do you remember I was this small when we first met! Pests and pesticides contribute to the major economic and ecological problems affecting the farmers, crops and their living environment <ul><ul><li>Pesticide induced pest problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pesticide resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pesticide poisoning (acute and chronic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pesticide and ecological problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IPM > IRM </li></ul></ul>Non pesticidal Management (NPM)
Pesticides poisoning past, present and future <ul><li>Acute poisoning effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture workers killed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chronic poisoning effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children growth effected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effect on reproductive health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pesticides increased costs of cultivations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rs. 1000 to 15000/acre </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ecological Disturbances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beneficials killed, pest shifts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pest resistances, pest resurgences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poisoning of resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Milk </li></ul></ul>
Non-Pesticidal Management of Spodoptera in Rabi ground nut Period : 1997-2000 Funding Agency : HIVOS Objective : Management of Spodoptera in Rabi Ground nut through Farmers Participatory Extension. Facilitating NGOs : SPEAK INDIA, CAFORD. No.of villages : 6 Area covered : 160 ha No.of Farmers : 222 Achievements: 1. Increase in yield and net income of groundnut farmers 2. Farmers effectively managed Spodoptera with group action.
Pesticide Free Village Concept Period : 1997-1999 Funding Agency : HIVOS Objective : To avoid the usage of pesticides and encourage NPM or Natural control of pests on the principles of balance of nature. Facilitating NGOs: PEACE Village : Chowdarpally, Bommalaramaram Mandal, Nalgonda dist Area covered : Total village Crops : Castor, Sesame, Pigeon pea, Ground nut, Paddy, Sorghum, Maize, Green gram Achievements : 1.Farmers are encouraged to use natural, botanical pest control agents to reduce the pest population. 2. All the farmers practiced NPM.
Second Workshop –1998-the NPM experience was appreciated by scientific communities,farmers and govt. agencies as the cost of cultivation came down dramatically due to the use of indigenous methods with less external input. Economic Analysis of NPM 2000-2001 -Firm foundation for NPM program was laid Particulars Cotton Pigeon pea Groundnut NPM conventional NPM Conventional NPM Conventional Average Yield(q./ha) 11-21 7.5-20 2-20 2-22 7.9-14.6 2.35-9.78 Average Cost of plant protection 950-2864 3282-9815 190-1900 450-2200 283-624 705-985 Average net retuns Rs/ha 13622-28115 770-19065 2242-10192 400-8700 4195-8595 -5332-1602
Second Phase of NPM program-1998-01 is implemented with partners: MARI, Warangal CROPS, Janagaon NAVAJYOTHI, Ramayampet SWARD, Siddipet KVK-Jalina, KVK-Bableshwar, KVK-DDS, Pasthapur CAFORD, Markapur SPEAKINDIA, Puligilapadu PEACE, Bhuvanagiri Improvement of the program-by recording of predatory and parasite population ,cost of cultivation& cost benefit analysis as compared to check farmers (Non-NPM) was made with gender analysis In 2001 the NPM program was evaluated by HIVOS.-and they were happy to extend the project with some suggestions. CWS made itself to go beyond pest management program and address larger issues in Agriculture. The year 2001-02 is considered as a transitional period from Non Pesticidal Management to Sustainable Agriculture Fifteen Partner groups came into the fold: CROPS, Jangaon MARI, Warangal NAVAJYOTHI, Ramayampet CEAD, Nirmal PEACE, Buvanagiri SWARD, Siddipet DDS, Pasthapur SVDS, Ankapalli GMM, Solipet SECURE, Palvancha TREES, Mulugu PILUPU, Turkapalli SPEAKINDIA, Puligilapadu VIKASAM, Parigi REEDS, Kodangal Program implementation was in 95 villages-1735 ha,involving 1920 farmers
Economic Analysis of SA 2002-2003 Particulars Cotton Pigeonpea Paddy SA Check SA Check SA Check Average Yield(q./ha) 6.9-16.5 5.3-11.5 3.4-8.0 3.2-7.6 22.5-61.0 23.0-60.0 Average Cost of cultivation 8796-12721 12010-18700 1637-8761 3683-9031 9900-13550 12278-15875 Average net returs/ha 5830-23954 -6847-8220 -750-19173 669-21397 7080-11660 3435-8495
Punukula, the first pesticides-free village Establishing Sustainable Agriculture , Supported by Hivos
Yenabavi -Organic Village <ul><li>Entire village (55 households’ 228 acres) organic for last five years </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the inputs internalised into farming </li></ul><ul><li>Land Productivity increased, crop yields maintained </li></ul><ul><li>In SRI paddy 44 bags were also recorded </li></ul><ul><li>Recently awarded Krishi Gaurav Award by Baba Ramdev’s Patanjali Trust for their role in promoting organic farming </li></ul><ul><li>More than 30 thousand farmers visited the village in last three years </li></ul>Establishing Sustainable Agriculture , Supported by Hivos
<ul><li>NPM Scaling up in Andhra Pradesh </li></ul><ul><li>2004-05 started with 225 acres in one dist and reached 7 lakh acres in 2007-08 in 18 dist. today the prog covers 20 lakh acres in 18 dist </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank says this is a good tool for poverty eradication </li></ul><ul><li>With 50 % development expenditure one can double the incomes of the farmers </li></ul>2004 2009 2006
Farmers and area covered under CMSA … aiming to reach 100 lakh acres across crops in all districts of AP in by 2014 pilot CSA handholding support NGOs technical support at field level SHG groups ind. handling RKVY funds Rs. 167 Cr. for 5 yr
Area under different crops (2007-08) CMSA, 2007-08
Distinguished visitors Dr. V L Chopra, Member Planning Commission Jairam Ramesh, Honble Minister for Commerce T. Nandakumar Secretary Agriculture GOI
Research studies M.Sc. Theses A Study On The Usage Of Non Pesticidal Management Methods In Bhongir Division Of Nalgonda District – Srinivasulu Barigela, Osmania university A Study On NGO Management Styles With Specific Reference To Integrated Pest Management (IPM) – Ashwini Chandak, Indian Institute of Rural Management, Jaipur A study on Cotton Seed marketing- opportunities and constraints for genetically modified crops – Mr. Sarvesh Kumar, University of Hyderabad Non- Pesticidal Management in Crops: Community Managed Extension, Processes and Impacts, Mahesh Malgatti, 2008, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi Seed Security among Organic Cotton Farmers in South India, Noemi Nemis, 2010, Universität Hohenheim PhD. Thesis Knowledge Flows and Social Capital- A network perspective on rural innovation, Saurabh Arora, 2009, Universiteit Maastricht Grounding Global Seeds: A Contextual Comparison of the Politico-Ecological Implications of Genetically Modified Crops for Farming Communities in Alberta (Canada) and Andhra Pradesh (India), Ashok Kumbamu, 2010, University of Alberta Constructing Agrarian Alternatives, Julia Quartz, 2011, Universiteit Maastricht