Ecological Foot Prints of Agriculture: a case of kuntalagudem, Telangana

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Ecological Foot Prints of Agriculture: a case of kuntalagudem, Telangana

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Ecological Foot Prints of Agriculture: a case of kuntalagudem, Telangana

  1. 1. KUNTALA GUDEM Ecological Footprints of Modern Farming Based on a study done by students of Zilla Parishad High School , Kuntalagudem Mandal - Choutuppal District – Nalgonda Telangana
  2. 2. Kuntala Gudem village demographics A glimpse • Families living – 106 • Families participated in Survey – 102 • Cultivable Land – 536.25 acres • Rain Fed Holding – 137.5 acres • Land Fed by Borewell water – 398.75 acres • No. of Borewells – 83 • Dried up Borewells – 3 • Electricity Transformers – 17 • Crops under Cultivation in acreage – Cotton - 372 – Paddy – 127.75 – Fodder – 19
  3. 3. Land Holding & the no. of farmers • I – 2.5 acres 33 no’s • 2.5 – 5 acres 34 no’s • 5 – 10 acres 23 no’s • 10 – 20 acres 11 no’s
  4. 4. Rainfall in 2013 • Total Rainfall – 969 mm • Paddy variety BPT 5204 was caught in heavy rains during harvest in October and farmers have lost. paddy cotton
  5. 5. Manures / Chemicals used • Urea – 842.5 Bags • DAP – 792 Bags • Compost – 95.5 Tractor loads • Poultry Manure – 24 Tractor loads • Bio Fertilizer – 10 Kg • Weedicides – 113 Kg • Pesticides – 557 Ltrs
  6. 6. Ecological Footprints: Water consumption by Paddy • Paddy fields spread – 127.75 acres • Water consumption per acre – 60 Lac Ltrs • Total water consumed for Paddy cultivation – 76,65,00,000 Ltrs • Overall Paddy Cultivated – 268.27 tonnes • Water needed to grow one Kg of Paddy – 2858 Ltrs • Water needed to cook one Kg of Rice – 4,759 Ltrs
  7. 7. Ecological Footprints: Water consumption by cotton • Cotton fields spread – 372 acres • Water utilized per acre – 6 Lakh Ltrs • Total water utilized – 22, 32, 00, 000 Ltrs • Total Cotton Harvested – 204.6 Tonnes • Water consumed to grow a Kg. of Cotton – 1090 Ltrs • Kg of cotton lint – 3629.7 Ltrs
  8. 8. Ecological Footprints: Water consumption in agriculture • 100 mm rain on one acre= 1.00 lakh ltrs of water • Rainfall in the village – 969 mm • Water received due to rainfall – 51,96,26,250 Ltrs • Paddy – 76, 65, 00, 000 Ltrs • Cotton – 22, 32, 00, 000 Ltrs • Total – 98, 97, 00, 000 Ltrs
  9. 9. Ecological Footprints: Water consumption • Population – 530 – Water consumed per day – 300 Ltrs – Water consumed for household – 5,80,35,000 Ltrs • Total Livestock – 265 – Water consumed for livestock – 150 Ltrs per day – Yearly consumption of water for livestock – 1,45,08,750 Ltrs • Yearly consumption by the entire Village – 1,06,22,43,750 Lts – Difference on the sources of water accessed at the village & water consumed (1,06,22,43,750 – 51,96,26,250) – Difference – 54,26,17,500 Going by the statistics above, if there are about 50% of village area has groundwater aquifer, there is a depletion of water resources by 20 cm every year
  10. 10. Ecological Footprints: Electricity to Borewells • Assuming one borewell working six hours per day for 200 days in an year total units consumed comes to 4474 • Carbon dioxide emitted in generation of one unit of electricity – 3.2 Metric Tonnes • Borewells in working condition at the village – 80 • Amount of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions are 11,45,344 Tonnes
  11. 11. Ecological Footprints – Methane Emissions from Paddy cultivation • Methane released by ponding water per day – 460 Kg • Total in a crop period of 150 days – 69 Tonnes • In entire village – 127.75 acres • One tonne of Methane equals 21 tonnes of CO2 • CO2 emission on Total Methane released =8,814.5 tonnes which is equal to 1.85 Lakh tonnes of carbon dioxide
  12. 12. Ecological Footprints: Chemical Fertilizers • Carbon Emissions – In producing one bag of Urea - 92.46 Kg – In transporting one bag of Urea – 62.1 Kg – N20 released by a bag of Urea – 28.75 Kg – One Kg of N2O equals 310 Kg of CO2 – Urea consumed by village in total – 842.5 Kg – Amount of CO2emitted by the village – 7638.98 tonnes
  13. 13. Ecological Footprints: Farm Machinery • Diesel consumed to plough per acre – 8 Ltrs • Diesel consumed by a harvester per acre – 8 Ltrs • Diesel consumed to plough the entire paddy fields – 536.25 X 2 X 8 = 8580 Ltrs • Diesel consumed by the village to harvest paddy 127.75 X 8 = 1022 Ltrs • Overall diesel consumption on account of machinery = 9620 Ltrs • Amount of CO2 emitted by a liter of Diesel – 2.26 X 10 Metric Tonnes totaling 225 Metric tonnes
  14. 14. Environment footprint of entire village CO2 emission in Metric Tonnes • Electricity – 11,45,344 Tonnes • For Paddy cultivation due Methane release – 1,85,109.75 • For overall urea consumption – 7638.98 • For machinery usage – 22.6 • Over CO2emission – 3,77,881.08
  15. 15. Comparing the CO2 emissions by this village
  16. 16. Ecological footprints Conclusions & Alternatives • Can avoid drought situation for two crop seasons, if the water is stored at the farm level. • If the water is conserved at the village level, it could suffice consumption for entire home needs. • Shifting paddy cultivation into Systematic Rice Intensification (SRI) method, the consumption levels can be halved including the release of Methane gases by half • Shifting to organic farming can reduce the emissions by more than 50%

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