What the C.R.A.P.?
Thinking critically about
what’s out there…
Applying the C.R.A.P. Test*
When looking at possible resources consider
the following criteria:
* Based on the original CRAP Test created by Librarian Molly Beestrum, Dominican University
When was the information published or
Can you locate a date for when the
resource was written, created, or
Based on your topic, is the information
Why might the date matter for your
Does the information relate to your
topic or answer your question?
Is the information at the appropriate
level (i.e., not too elementary or
Who is the intended audience?
Would you be comfortable using this
source for your research?
Can you determine who the author/
What are their credentials (education,
affiliation, experience, etc.)?
Who is the publisher or sponsor of the
What qualifies the author to write about
What is the intention of the information? To
sell? Entertain? Inform? Persuade?
For web resources, how might the domain
(.com, .gov, etc.) reflect the purpose?
Is the information fact? Opinion? Propaganda?
Are there ads on the website or in the
resource? How do they relate to the topic
begin covered (i.e., an ad for ammunition next
to an article about firearm legislation)?
Tutorial created by
Lee Ann Lannom (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Based on the original CRAP Test created by Librarian Molly Beestrum,