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•Archaeological remains have been found throughoutpeninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. The earliestevidence of human habitation in the area dates back40,000 years. 4
•The Malay Peninsula was known to ancient Indians as Suvarnadvipa orthe "Golden Peninsula". It was shown on Ptolemys map as the "GoldenKhersonese“. •Hinduism and Buddhism were introduced to the Malayans by Indians, who came here around 100 BC. •In the 15th century, Malacca, is the initial name of Malaysia, •Malaysia got its name in the year 1963 after the fusion of Singapore, Sarawak and Sabah into a federal union. •Malaysia finally gained independence from British rule in the year 1957. 5
•The geography of Malaysia deals with thephysical and human geography of Malaysia, acountry located in Southeast Asia.•Climate - Located near the equator,Malaysias climate is categorized as equatorial,being hot and humid throughout the year.•Malaysia faces two monsoon winds seasons –the Southwest Monsoon from late May toSeptember, and the Northeast Monsoon fromNovember to March. 7
Type of government: •Federal Constitutional Monarchy: Prime minister (head of government) And Yang di-Pertuan Agong (head of the state)(literally, "He who is made Supreme Lord" but usually "Supreme Head" or "Paramount Ruler") 16
Abdul Rahman Datok Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak(first prime minister) (Latest prime minister) 17
Many Malays do not have surnames.Men = Name + "bin" (meaning ‘son of’) + Father’snamee.g. Rosli bin Suleiman, would be Rosli the son ofSuleiman.Women = Name + "binti“ + Father’s name,e.g. Aysha binti Suleiman is Aysha the daughter ofSuleiman. 26
Gift giving to Malays: •If invited to someones home for dinner,bring the hostess pastries or good qualitychocolates. •Do not give toy dogs or pigs to children. •Never give alcohol and anything madeof pigskin. 27
•Avoid white wrapping paper as it symbolizesdeath and mourning.•Avoid yellow wrapping paper, as it is the colorof royalty.•If you give food, it must be “halal” (meaningpermissible for Muslims). 28
Nasi lemak is a dish soldin Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, RiauIslands and Southern Thailand. In Kuala Lumpur, it iscalled the national dish, a national heritage of Malaysia. 35
known as the Jalur Gemilang (Malay for "Stripes of Glory")•The 14 stripes = the equal status in the federation of the 13 member states and thefederal government•14 points of the star = the unity between these entities.•The crescent = Islam•blue canton = the unity of the Malaysian people•yellow of the star and crescent = the royal color of the Malay rulers. 36
Negaraku" (English: My Country) is the national anthem of Malaysia. "Negaraku" was selected as a national anthem at the time of the Federation of Malayas independence from Britain in1957 Malay EnglishNegaraku, tanah tumpahnya My country, the landdarahku, where my blood is spilt,Rakyat hidup, bersatu dan The people live unitedmaju, and progressive,Rahmat bahagia, Tuhan Blessings of happiness,kurniakan, may God grant,Raja kita, selamat bertakhta. (And that) our King mayRahmat bahagia, Tuhan reign in peace.kurniakan, Blessings of happiness,Raja kita, selamat bertakhta. may God grant, (And that) our King may reign in peace. 37