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Current affairs-magazine-november-2012-13

  1. 1. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 1 CURRENT AFFAIRS PDFWWW.JAGRANJOSH.COM NOVEMBER 2012 www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 1
  2. 2. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 2 Table of ContentsPreface ......................................................................................................................................12Pick of the Month......................................................................................................................13 Barack Obama won the U.S. Presidential Elections 2012 ...................................................13 Twenty First ASEAN Summit concluded in Cambodia .........................................................17 Shiv Sena Chief Balasaheb Thackeray died in Mumbai .......................................................18 Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab Hanged at Yerwada Jail, Pune ...........................................19 India and Afghanistan Signed Four Cooperation Pacts .......................................................21 India signed 70 million US Dollar loan Agreement .............................................................21 CCEA approved 9.5 percent Stake Disinvestment in NTPC .................................................21 Union Cabinet Cleared Setting up of 21 Textile Parks ........................................................22 Union Government approved an Anti-Piracy Scheme ........................................................22 Sebastian Vettel became Youngest Triple Champion .........................................................22 Bolt and Felix named IAAF World Athletes of the Year 2012 ..............................................23 Greenhouse Gases Level Reached Record High in 2011 .....................................................23 Tongariro Volcano erupted in New Zealand .......................................................................23 NASA launched Space Station Alert Service .......................................................................23International .............................................................................................................................26 Pakistan Cabinet Ratified the Landmark Visa Pact with India .............................................26 India-Japan-US Trilateral Dialogue held in New Delhi ........................................................26 India-Canada finalised a Mechanism for Shipping Uranium ...............................................26 UK Lifted Travel Advisory on Jammu and Kashmir .............................................................26 Noor Inayat Khan’s Bust Unveiled at London by Princess Anne ..........................................26 India and Britain decided to enhance Cooperation ............................................................27 Central Intelligence Agency Director David Petraeus Resigned ..........................................27www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 2
  3. 3. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 3 The Review Meeting of the E-9 Countries Concluded ........................................................27 Nepal Elected as a Board Member of the ECOSOC .............................................................27 IEA: US would become World’s Largest Oil Producer by 2017 ............................................28 France Recognised the New Syrian Opposition Coalition ...................................................28 Japan’s Lower House of Parliament, dissolved ...................................................................28 India and Japan Signed Earths Pact on Rare Earth Minerals ...............................................28 US Lifted the Ban Imposed on Imports from Myanmar ......................................................29 Bangladesh Opted out of D-8 Summit to be Held in Pakistan .............................................29 Death of Savita Halappanavar and Irish Abortion Law .......................................................29 China State Broadcaster Auctioned Prime Time Slot ..........................................................29 RBI and the State Bank of Vietnam signed a MoU ..............................................................30 India Voted Against Resolution to Ban Death Penalties .....................................................30 India Added New Items to promote Indo-Myanmar Trade ................................................30 Twenty First ASEAN Summit concluded in Cambodia .........................................................30 Tenth ASEAN-India Summit Concluded at Cambodia .........................................................30 The 2nd India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue .............................................................31 The 8th Meeting of the India-UK JWG on Counter Terrorism .............................................31 US Military’s Ban on Women at Combat Positions Challenged...........................................31 International Quizzes .........................................................................................................31World Dairy ...............................................................................................................................35Economy ...................................................................................................................................38 Government of India announced MSP for Cotton ..............................................................38 GAIL and RSPCL signed an Agreement of Joint Venture .....................................................38 Government decided to Digitize Cable TV Network ...........................................................38 South African Government Rolled Out Nelson Mandela Notes ..........................................38 Civil Aviation Ministry approved New Traffic Rights ...........................................................39www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 3
  4. 4. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 4 Retail Inflation in India rose to 9.75 percent in October 2012 ............................................39 Union Cabinet cleared Proposal for Spectrum Sharing .......................................................39 Income Ceiling for LIG raised by Union Government of India .............................................39 Oman Banned Import of Eggs and Chicken from India .......................................................40 Petrol Price in India Slashed by 95 Paise ............................................................................40 RBI asked Banks not to Provide Loans for Purchase of Gold ...............................................40 Union Coal Ministry decided to de-allocate Four Coal Blocks .............................................41 National Cancer Institute to be Developed at Jhajjar .........................................................41 Economy Current Affairs Quiz ............................................................................................41Corporate..................................................................................................................................45 Discovery Communication launched kids Channel .............................................................45 Master Card and Thomas Cook Came up Together ............................................................45 ONGC sold 26 percent Stakes to Japan’s Inpex Corp ..........................................................45 Gov. of Odisha Slapped 6000 crore Rupees fine.................................................................45 Online Travel Agency MakeMyTrip Acquired Hotel ............................................................46 BAE Systems Inked an Agreement with Smile Foundation .................................................46 Vodafone India tied up with ICICI Bank ..............................................................................46 Barista Lavazza and Penguin Books Tied up for Book Releases...........................................46 Karishma Appointed Brand Ambassador of McCain Food ..................................................46 Himalaya Drug Company won its Trademark Battle ...........................................................47 Lacoste Acquired by Swiss Company Maus Freres .............................................................47 Volvo Group to Invest Two Thousand Crore Rupees in India ..............................................47 Twitter Launched New Email sharing Feature ....................................................................47 Goldman Named 16 Indians as MDs and 3 as Partners ......................................................48 General Motors decided to expand its Production Capacity ..............................................48 Disa Holdings to sell its Shares in Indian Arm .....................................................................48www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 4
  5. 5. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 5 Maldivian Airlines Signed Pact with Apollo Hospital...........................................................48 Airtel Completed Largest Network Transformation in Africa ..............................................48 Sahara Moved to SAT to Seek More Time ..........................................................................49 Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories launched Sildenafil Tablets .........................................................49 Nokia India Introduced Rebranded Map Service named HERE ...........................................49 PepsiCo won Title Sponsorship for Next 5 Years of IPL .......................................................49 Harley Davisdon launched its New Model Fat Bob .............................................................49 Fitch Downgraded the Debt Rating of Sony Corp. ..............................................................50 Portman Holdings Invested in Tata Housing Project...........................................................50 Maldives cancelled its Biggest Foreign Investment Project ................................................50 Corporate Current Affairs Quiz ..........................................................................................50National ....................................................................................................................................54 Union Government lifted Export Ban on Some Milk Products ............................................54 Government Nod to Grant Ex-Serviceman Status ..............................................................54 SC: Criminal Case can’t be Dismissed because of Delay......................................................54 TRAI issued a CAP of 100 SMSs on Concession Rates .........................................................54 President Pranab Mukherjee Launched Aakash Tablet 2....................................................55 The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 ...............................................55 Controversy over Clean Chit Given to RAPP by IAEA ..........................................................55 Rahul Gandhi Appointed Head of INC Coordination Panel .................................................55 Coal Ministry Issued Order for Deduction of Bank Guarantees ..........................................56 P Chidambaram Finalised GAAR Amendment ....................................................................56 GOI approved the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Policy .................................................56 Costal Chain of Static Sensors Positioned ..........................................................................56 National Current Affairs Quiz .............................................................................................57Indian Diary ...............................................................................................................................60www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 5
  6. 6. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 6State .........................................................................................................................................63 HCL Signed MoU with Madhya Pradesh Government ........................................................63 Adhikaar Rally Held in Bihar Demanding Special Status .....................................................63 Biometric Attendance for Teachers in the State of UP .......................................................63 12th Foundation Day of Uttarakhand Celebrated ..............................................................63 Swiss Company Launched Health Product in Bihar.............................................................64 UP: Re-introduction of Sports Quota in Government Jobs .................................................64 50 % Reservation for Women in Assam Panchayat Election ...............................................64 Arjun Munda, announced Tablet Computers for Students .................................................64 CM of UP Inaugurated New Helpline Service for Women...................................................65 Tobacco Board went Hi-Tech, Launched e-auction ............................................................65 NTPC to impart Skill Development Programme for Youth ..................................................65 Delhi High Court Launched e-court Fee System .................................................................66 UP Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav Announced Agri Loan waiver.........................................66Sports........................................................................................................................................68 Virat Kohli Selected for BCCI Polly Umrigar Award .............................................................68 Sahara India Pariwar Felicitated London Olympic Medalists ..............................................68 Hironmoy Chatterjee Appointed as the CEO of AITA ..........................................................68 Bhupathi and Bopanna won First ATP Tour Masters Title ..................................................68 NADDP Suspended 11 Athletes for Two Years ...................................................................69 Philander Named South-African Sportsman of the Year .....................................................69 Sachin received AustraliaN Honour....................................................................................69 Pakistan won the Asian Kabaddi Championship .................................................................70 Dhoni Renamed his Super Bike Team ................................................................................70 Gaganjeet Bhullar Declared Youngest Indian on Golfer List ...............................................70 V. Dinesh Reddy appointed as the President of IHF ...........................................................70www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 6
  7. 7. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 7 Life Ban on Mohammad Azharuddin Lifted ........................................................................70 Mirabai Chanu claimed 3 Bronze Medals in Jr Weightlifting ..............................................71 Granollers & Marc Lopez won the ATP World Tour Final 2012 ...........................................71 News Agencies Boycotted India England Test Series ..........................................................71 Davis Cup 2012: Czech Republic defeated Spain in the Finals ............................................71 WADA Proposed Four-Year Ban for Felony Athletes ..........................................................72 Daimler Purchased full control of Mercedes ......................................................................72 M. Mahalakshmi and R. Vaishali won Gold ........................................................................72 West Indies won the Bangladesh Test Series by 2-0 ...........................................................73 Sports Quiz ........................................................................................................................73Science & Technology ...............................................................................................................76 Scientists Developed Test to Detect schizophrenics ...........................................................76 Device that Power Pacemaker by Heartbeat ......................................................................76 Scientists discovered Bacteria that Create Live Wire..........................................................76 Total Solar Eclipse seen in Northern Australia....................................................................76 Scientists Unveiled the Secret of Bactrian Camels by DNA Study .......................................77 Researchers Created a Paper-Thin Fabric to Stop Bullets ...................................................77 Scientist Decoded a Gene that Gives Humans an Edge over Apes ......................................77 14 New Genes Which Cause Rheumatoid Arthritis ............................................................77 Scientist decoded the Reason for Einstein Being a Genius .................................................77 Bionetwork of Bacteria Live in Belly Button .......................................................................78 Gene Discovered That Identifies Your Time of Death .........................................................78 Algorithm Developed for Controlling Computer Cursors ....................................................78 Sunita Williams Returned Back on Earth after 4 Months ....................................................79 Research on Paralysis Cure via Olfactory Ensheathing Cells ...............................................79 Researchers Developed New Tool to Keep Your Email Spam-Free .....................................79www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 7
  8. 8. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 8 Device Developed to Imitate Dog’s Nose ...........................................................................79 Massive Dwarf Planet of Solar System Has No Atmosphere ...............................................79 Scientists decoded how flu viruses replicate ......................................................................80 New Drug Discovered that can Halt Cancer from Multiplying ............................................80 Science Current Affairs Quiz ..............................................................................................80Environment & Ecology .............................................................................................................84 SC: Expressed Concern over Growing Smog Cover on New Delhi .......................................84 World Rarest Whale Species found in Pacific Ocean ..........................................................84 DDA announced its Plans of Creating Four Diversity Parks .................................................84 Report indicating Growth in Vulture Population: BHNS .....................................................84 Australia Created World’s Largest Marine Reserve ............................................................85 Tripura to Set up Two Elephant Reserves ..........................................................................85 Largest Crabs of the World Tracked With GPS Technology.................................................85 Greenland Continuously Lost 200 Million Tonnes Ice .........................................................85 Australia approved plan to save the Murray-Darling Basin ................................................86One Liner Quizzes......................................................................................................................88News Capsule ............................................................................................................................92 Lyricist Gulzar Conferred with Indira Gandhi National Award ............................................92 Anand Kumar of Super 30 Fame Declared People’s Hero ...................................................92 Indian Ambassador to Bhutan Pawan Varma Resigned ......................................................92 Aishwarya Rai Bachchan Conferred with French Award .....................................................92 Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam invited to teach at Peking University .................................................92 Annual Greentech Environment Award to Mathura Refinery .............................................93 Sunita Williams Ventured on 7th Space Walk: Set New Record..........................................93 Pioneer of Pocket Cartoons in India, T. Samuel Died ..........................................................93 Veteran BJP Leader Kailashpati Misra Died ........................................................................93www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 8
  9. 9. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 9 Chinese-British Writer Han Suyin died ...............................................................................94 President Presented Durgabai Deshmukh Awards for Women ..........................................94 Irom Sharmila completed 12 Years of Fast .........................................................................94 The World Development Report 2013-Jobs Released ........................................................94 Chairman of Khaitan Group S.K. Khaitan Passed Away .......................................................94 DRDO to Conduct Eighth Ballistic Missile Interceptor Test .................................................95 United Nation Declared November 10 as Malala Day ........................................................95 Ramanujan’s genius Proved by US Mathematician ............................................................95 NCRB released Figures of Total Convicts Lodged in Indian Jails ..........................................95 Report on Condition of Elderly People in Delhi-NCR Released ...........................................96 Hindu’s Press won INCQC ..................................................................................................96 BBC: DG George Entwistle Resigned Over covering Sexual Abuse ......................................96 Shanti Gandhi Elected to Kansas State Assembly ...............................................................96 Literary Critic Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Got Kyoto Prize .................................................96 India International Trade Fair started in Delhi ...................................................................97 Hamid Karzai Visited India and discussed on various Issues ...............................................97 Omnishambles selected as the UK Word of the Year .........................................................97 Xi Jinping is the New General Secretary of the CPC ............................................................97 Madhav Chavan Awarded the Education Nobel Prize ........................................................98 Golconda Diamond was auctioned at a Record Price .........................................................98 Former Union Minister of India K.C. Pant Died ..................................................................98 Kamala Sadagopan the Eminent Tamil Novelist Died .........................................................98 Cigarette Package Health Warnings: Report Released .......................................................99 Report: Low Percentage of Enrolment of SC and ST Students ............................................99 Bera is 3rd Indian-American to win US Congressional Election...........................................99 Katherine Boo won US National Book Award for Mumbai Book .........................................99www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 9
  10. 10. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 10 Savita Halappanavar Died in Ireland ................................................................................ 100 Gopi Chand Narang Awarded Moortidevi Award for 2010 ............................................... 100 Chinese Film, Eleven Flowers won NETPAC Award ........................................................... 100 Tulsi Govinda Baruah, the Assam Tribune’s Chairperson died .......................................... 100 Microsoft Corp Organised Wowzapp 2012 for Students .................................................. 101 Skyfall, Became the Highest Grossing Bond Film Ever ...................................................... 101 Anil Dev Singh became new Chairperson of IOA Election Panel ....................................... 101 President of Liberia chosen for Indira Gandhi Peace Prize 2012 ....................................... 101 Scott Flemming Became the New Indian Basketball Team Coach.....................................101 CEOs from the World Came Together to Combat Deadly Cancer .....................................102 Malala Yousafzai awarded with Bravery Award ............................................................... 102 President of India released a Commemorative Postage Stamp ........................................ 102 Super-Jupiter, the Largest Planet of Our Solar System ..................................................... 103 Yuvi- Book on Cricketer Yuvraj Singh Released.................................................................103 Mannam Int. Socio-Cultural & Charitable Center Inaugrated ........................................... 103 Book Victory India Authored by Colonel Vinay B Dalvi Released ...................................... 103 Gavaskar awarded Lifetime Achievement Award ............................................................. 103 Mount Tongariro Volcano Erupted .................................................................................. 104 GRACE: Greenland loses 200 million tonnes of ice every year .......................................... 104 3 Indians Shortlisted for DSC South Asian Literature Prize 2013 ....................................... 104 BBC Appointed Tony Hall as its New Director General ..................................................... 104 Ranjit Sinha Appointed as CBI Director for Two Years ...................................................... 104 Autar Kaw won US Professor of the Year Award-2012 ..................................................... 105 President of Brazil Lula da Silva awarded Indira Gandhi Prize .......................................... 105 Scientists Claimed South Pacific Island Does Not Exist At All ............................................ 105 Rafael Benitez Appointed Manager of Chelsea Football Club ........................................... 105www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 10
  11. 11. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 11 Barbosa sworn-in as Brazil’s SCs First non-White President ............................................. 106 Ernest Bai Koroma re-elected as the President of Sierra Leone ........................................ 106 Arvind Kejriwal named his Political Party as Aam Admi Party .......................................... 106 BJP suspended Rajya Sabha Member Ram Jethmalani ..................................................... 106 Bangladesh’s Worst-Ever Fire Accident Claimed Several Lives ......................................... 106 India-Maldives Joint Military Training Exercise EKUVERIN 2012 ....................................... 107 Marc Grossman, US Special Envoy to Af-Pak Resigned ..................................................... 107 Passport Seva Project won CSI-Nihilent e-Governance Award ......................................... 107Questions of the Month .......................................................................................................... 109Interview of IAS|PCS Topper ...................................................................................................111 Interview ......................................................................................................................... 111For More Info .......................................................................................................................... 113 Find the Way of Your Choice Follow the Links Given Below ............................................. 113 Don’t miss the information of past quarter, just CLICK BELOW ........................................ 113 For More Information Click on the Below Mentioned Links ............................................. 113 For Specific Notifications of UPSC Click on the Links ........................................................ 113www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 11
  12. 12. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 12PREFACECurrent Affairs PDF Magazine November 2012 includes the happenings of November Month.Current Affairs has its own importance for candidate preparing for different level of competitiveexaminations as well as types of examination. The content included in the magazine has beendrafted for meeting the requirements of various examinations that includes IAS|PCS, SSC,Banking, MBA as well as Board Exams of CBSE and State Boards.The events mentioned here in the PDF Magazine are written by a team of experts, and tried toevaluate the same by genuine methods to make sure that the data represented here arecorrect. Our experts have tried to put on the efforts to make sure that the content providedremains for a longer period of time in the mind of people and perceived in actual manner,because fine perception of the events can only allow a candidate to apply the theories inexistence in a suitable manner.The compilation of the world events and issues with relevance to the current perspectives hadbeen included crossing the boarders of limitations that Print Media can’t go for, we have triedto portray everything after analyzing and identifying the hidden theories within them, to servethe purpose for which we are here as a solution to your needs.Records and data, that shocked the world created an illusion and made the people living in itthink, has been included in it. It is also important for a common man, an opinion leader formass, a teacher who teaches a preacher who preaches, leader of a group who take decisionsfollowing the history of recent events or an economist who plans the economy with growthinclusive in his plans. It also allows a student in school and college to prepare for the quizcompetitions at school level and other levels.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 12
  13. 13. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 13PICK OF THE MONTHBARACK OBAMA WON THE U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS 2012Barack Obama, the leader of Democratic Party on 7 November 2012 was re-elected as thePresident of USA. Obama defeated the RepublicanChallenger, Mitt Romney in the U.S. Presidential Elections2012 by winning over 332 votes as compared to the 206votes of Mitt Romney of all the votes declared by theElectoral College declared. Obama was successful in gettingaround 74000 more votes than the competitor, Mitt Romneyout of the eight million votes casted during the PresidentialElections.The elections were conducted on 6th November 2012 and this was the 57th quadrennialpresidential election for the United States.The two, Obama and Romney won 50 percent and 48.1 percent of votes respectively. 53members in the Senate were from Democratic Party, whereas 45 are from Republican Party. Inthe House of Representatives, the lead went in the way of Republican Party with 232 seats andthe Democratic Party was successful in securing 191 seats. Mitt Romney tied with the PresidentObama at 49 percent of the Popular Votes.After the win, Obama declared that the best is yet to come for America and he to take care ofthe greatest challenges faced by the country he also called for bipartisan support(bipartisanship can be defined as a political situation, where the there exists a context of twopolitical parties, where one of the opposing party finds common grounds by makingcompromises).The Republican Party has lost four Presidential elections of the six Presidential contests and thetwo won by them was just with narrow margins. At the same time, President Obama, by beingback has proved that in the period of austerity and crisis also, an incumbent can survive.Swing StatesPresident Obama was successful in winning over the eight of the nine swing states includingFlorida, Ohio, Wisconsin, New Hampshire, Virginia, Colorado and Nevada. He only lost from theseat of North Carolina.IssuesApart from the sluggishness in economic growth, witnessed by the America in past few yearsthere were five main pointers on which debates were done and the Presidential Election waswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 13
  14. 14. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 14fought and it included Health, Women’s Right, Tax, Environment and Same Sex Marriage. Onemajor challenge that lies behind the President, Barack Obama to deal with is to get rid ofunemployment as; America registered an unemployment rate of 7.9 percent in October 2012.Opinions of both the leaders on all the five topics:Issues Barack Obama Mitt Romney Has already played a role on Would ask the insurance issues of health care while company to insure everyone, being a Governor ofHealth and will bring down the cost Massachusetts. If won, of treatment concentrated at taking out the hidden truths of Obamacare He disliked gay marriages and He will permit the same sexSame Sex Marriage have obstructed such things marriage from the society Permitted Abortions at will of He stood against the issue ofWomen’s Right the women Abortions Would have decreased taxes put forward to Rich people Will raise taxes for Rich which would have resulted in people to increase funds inTaxes growth of profits and in Governments account to help return increased number of poor and middle class people employment opportunities in the country Obama pointed out that he has already made investments Romney belief lied in Global of $80 billion for development Warming, but he would have of new energy mechanisms,Environment made zero investments in by 2016, all the cars in controlling and curbing the America would give an Carbon Dioxide emissions average mileage of 35.5 miles per gallonsIndiansAmi Bera- the third Indian-American in the U.S. House of Representativeswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 14
  15. 15. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 15Dr. Ami Bera is third Indian-American ever to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.The 45 years old Bera took a lead of 184 votes against Dan Lungren, the Republican rival fromthe seventh Congressional District of California. Before Bera, two Indians to be elected for theUS House of Representatives include Dalip Singh Saund in the 1950s and Bobby Jindal was theHouse member before being elected to be the Governor of Louisiana from 2005 to 2008.Except Dr. Bera, five more Indian-Americans namely Dr. Syed Taj, Dr. Manan Trivedi, UpendraChivukula and Jack Uppala and Ricky Gill, were candidates, who lost from their seats in the USelections. Except Ricky Gill all the other four were from Democratic Party. Dr. Syed Taj, whowas a representative from Democratic Party, is the younger brother of Syed Shahbuddin and hebasically belongs from Bihar. He lost in the tough fight against his opponent K Bentivolio fromthe seat of Michigans 11th Congressional District.Tulsi Gabbard-First Hindu-American to be in the HouseTulsi-Gabbard is the first Hindu-American to enter the U.S. House of Representatives. Shedefeated the Republican rival K. Crowley from the Hawaii seat in the one-sided contest. Tulsidoesn’t belong to the Indian Heritage and is not an Indian. She is a daughter to the CatholicFather Mike Gabbard, who at present is serving as the Senator from the Hawaii State and hermother Carol Porter Gabbard, who is a Hindu is an educator and a business owner in Hawaii.Basic Facts • Before Obama, Bill Clinton was the Democratic Party Representative to serve White House for continuous two terms after World War II. • Obama is the first President after the wars to be re-elected in the office with an unemployment rate of 7.4 percent in the country. • Obama in the last Presidential Elections of 2008 won 349 votes, which was higher than the votes he secured in the Presidential Elections of 2012.History of US elections of 223 years: In the 223 years history of US Presidential Elections onlyeight Presidents contesting elections being in the White House lost the elections.Portfolio of Barack Obama (Democratic Party Representative) and Mitt Romney (RepublicanParty Representative)Qualifications:Barack Obama Mitt Romney• Juris Doctor from Howard Law School • MBA from Howard Business Schoolwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 15
  16. 16. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 16• B.A. from Colombia University • Juris Doctor from Howard Law School • B.A. from Birmingham Young University/Stanford UniversityBooks written by Obama: Dreams of My Father (1995), The Audacity of Hope (2006), Of the ISing (2008)Books written by Mitt Romney: Turnaround: Crisis, Leadership and the Olympic Games (2004),No Apology: the Cause for American Greatness (2010)Presidential Elections in America and its ProcessArticle 2 Section 1 of the US Constitution states that the executive Power of the Nation isvested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Termof four Years, and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same Term, be elected, asfollows:In USA the executive power is vested on the President, who holds the office for a term of fouryears with a vice-President, who is elected along with him for the same term.The ProcessEvery state appoints in such a manner that the legislature thereof may direct a number ofelectors that is equal to the whole number of representatives and senators to which the state ifentitled in the congress. No Senator or Representative, holding any office of Profit or Trustunder United States can be appointed as an Elector.The Electors meet in their respective state and vote for two persons via ballot of which oneperson must not be an inhabitant of the same state. A list of all persons voted for must bemade and the number of votes to every person by signing and certifying, the list is then sealedfor transmission to the Seat of the Government of United States, which is directed to theSenate’s President. The President of the Senate opens all the certificates and the votes arecounted in presence of the Senates and the House of Representatives. The person, whoreceives maximum votes, is elected as a President only when, the derived numbers meets themajority mark of the whole number of the electors appointed. In case the results bring outmore than one person with majority or an equal number of votes than the House ofRepresentatives can choose by ballot, one of them as the President that to with immediateeffect.In case situation occurs, when none of the members have been successful in winning themajority than the House of Representatives can choose any one among the five with highestnumber of votes as the President. But in this situation, Votes need to be taken by the states andthe representation of the states with one vote. The quorum (gathering of the minimal numberof members of an organization to conduct business) made for this purpose comprises aMember/Members from two-thirds of the States, along with the Majority of all the States isnecessary to a Choice.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 16
  17. 17. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 17In case after election of the President, the Person with maximum number of votes is elected asthe Vice-President, but in case of two or more persons remains available with the same numberof votes, then the Senate is responsible for choosing the Vice–President from them but by theprocess of Ballot (In 12th Amendment the clause in parentheses was superseded). A Naturalborn Citizen of United States or a Citizen of the United States at time of Adoption of theConstitution can only eligible to the President’s Office and the person must have attended theage of thirty-five years, with at least fourteen years of residence in United States.In U.S. the Presidential elections are conducted after every four years and the count of thisquadrennial election process started from 1972, on the Election Day that is on the Tuesday thatfalls in between 2 November to 8 November of the election year. The Next U.S. elections wouldbe held on 8 November 2016 i.e. the Tuesday.Obama’s re-election and its effectsRe-election of Barack Obama as the US President would surely effect the world economy by thedecisions which would be taken by him to bring up employment opportunities and takeAmerica out of the economic sluggishness. The most prevalent questions that may occur by thetime, dust of celebrations sets down, is how Obama would deal with the fiscal cliff and thefederal debt. Will the group of policies which includes the increase on tax to cut the massivespending by the Government, which can come into existence by January 2013, in case both theparties, Democratic and Republicans fails to arrive to a conclusion of how to reduce the federaldebt. Finding a solution to the fiscal cliff would also be a big challenge to the incumbentPresident of USA and in case the President fails to answer to the requirements its sure that theUS economy that is improving may be dragged back to the mode of recession like the Europeancrisis.TWENTY FIRST ASEAN SUMMIT CONCLUDED IN CAMBODIAThe 21st ASEAN Summit PhnomPenh was held on 18 November2012 at Peace Palace, PhnomPenh in Cambodia. Prime Ministerof the Kingdom of Cambodia-Samdech Akka Moha Sena PadeiTecho Hun Sen was theChairperson for the 21st ASEANSummit Phnom Penh, Cambodia.The head of states of the ASEANmembers and the Secretary-General of ASEAN participated in the 21st ASEAN Summit and discussed about things likeprogress of the Implementation of ASEAN Charter and Roadmap for an ASEAN community.Issues Discussedwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 17
  18. 18. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 18  Follow-up to the 20th ASEAN Summit  The Progress Report on the Implementation of Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity  Signed Phnom Penh Statement on the Adoption of ASEAN Human Rights Declaration  Exchange of View on Regional and International IssuesA Leaders’ Statement on the establishment of an ASEAN Regional Mine Action Center (ARMAC)was also issued during the summit.Document Signed and Adopted  Phnom Penh Statement on the Adoption of the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration  ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD)  Concept Paper on the Establishment of an ASEAN Regional Mine Action Centre (ARMAC)  ASEAN Leaders’ Joint Statement on the Establishment of an ASEAN Regional Mine Action Centre (ARMAC)New Secretary General for ASEANLe Luong Minh- the candidate from the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam was appointed as theupcoming Secretary General for ASEAN for the next five year term by the ASEAN Head of States.The nomination was done on the basis of alphabetical rotation plan for next five year thatwould start from January 2013 and end in December 2018.ASEANASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) was created on 8 August 1967 at Bangkok,Thailand after ASEAN Declaration (also called Bangkok Declaration) was signed between theFounding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines and Thailand.With time 5 more South Asian countries joined the group namely Brunei Darussalam joined on7 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, andCambodia on 30 April 1999. Today, ASEAN is a 10-member group by now. The group wasformed with a basic idea of promoting social progress, economic growth and culturaldevelopment between the member nations and talk on the differences in a peaceful manner.SHIV SENA CHIEF BALASAHEB THACKERAY DIED IN MUMBAIThe Shiv Sena Supremo Balasaheb Keshav Thackeray died on 17 November 2012 at the age of86. He died of the cardio-respiratory arrest after suffering a long illness at his residenceMatoshree, in Mumbai.www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 18
  19. 19. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 19About Balasaheb Keshav ThackerayBalasaheb Keshav Thackeray was an Indian Politician, whofounded Shiv Sena a Political Party based in Mumbai,Maharashtra in the year 19 June 1966. Before turning up topolitics, he was a cartoonist by profession with an Englishdaily newspaper in Mumbai, named the Free Press Journal.His cartoons were also published in the Times of India. Heresigned from the Free Press Journal in 1960 and founded hisown political weekly, named Marmik. He also foundedSamana, the Marathi language newspaper and the Dophar kaSamna a Hindi newspaper.His house at Bandra, Mumbai is famous with the name Matoshree.Balasaheb was a leading face in the fight named Samyukta Maharashtra movement (UnitedMaharashtra movement); to make Mumbai a place for Maharastrians that was witnessing theinfluence of South Indians, Gujaratis and Marwaris.Shiv SenaShiv Sena is a Political Party that strongly supports the thought of Maharashtra forMaharashtrians. Shiv Sena has been a member in different Governments of the State inMaharashtra and was a member in the national cabinet as a coalition partner in the NationalDemocratic Alliance government from 1998 to 2004. The party came up as a political force afterit won a Mumbai Civic Body Elections in the year 1973. In late 1980s and early 1990s, Shiv Senaadopted the hard-line Hindu Ideology and joined hands with Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), thecoalition won the assembly elections of 1995 and came to power in Maharashtra. In 1999 thecoalition failed to win the majority.MOHAMMED AJMAL AMIR KASAB HANGED AT YERW ADA JAIL, PUNEMohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab, the Pakistani National and the lone surviving terrorist of 26/11Mumbai Terror Attacks, was hanged on 21 November2012 at Pune’s Yerwada Jail at 7:30 am. The HomeMinister of Maharashtra R.R. Patil confirmed that Kasabwas hanged. The President of India Pranab Mukherjeerejected the mercy plea of Kasab.He was hanged five days before the fourth anniversaryof the brutal terror attack on Mumbai that claimed 166lives and sieged Mumbai for continuous three days.Execution of Kasab Second-Fastest in the History ofIndiawww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 19
  20. 20. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 20In the top-secret operation, the sole surviving terrorist of 26/11 Mumbai terror attacksMohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab was hanged till death in Yerwada jail, Pune, on 21 November2012. Kasab had killed 166 people on 26 November 2008 along with 9 other terrorists fromPakistan.AJMAL KASAB’S EXECUTION CHRONOLOGY  26 November 2008- Kasab as well as 9 terrorists launched a commando raid in Mumbai  27 November 2008- Kasab caught and arrested  30 November 2008- Kasab confessed before police  16 January 2009- Arthur Road Jail selected for trial of Kasab  20/21 February 2009- Kasab confessed before the magistrate  22 February 2009- Ujjwal Nikal appointed as the Special Public Prosecutor  20 April 2009- Prosecution charged Kasab on 312 counts  6 May 2009- Kasab was awarded death sentence by the trial court  21 February 2011- Bombay High Court upheld the decision of the trial court  March 2011- Kasab wrote to Supreme Court challenging high court’s decision  10 October 2011- Supreme Court stayed execution of the death sentence  25 April 2012- Supreme Court reserved its verdict after going through a lot of hearing over two and a half months  16 October 2012- Union Home Ministry recommended to president for rejecting mercy plea of Kasab  5 November 2012- President rejected mercy petition of Kasab  8 November 2012- Maharashtra Government was informed about the decision of President  21 November 2012- Kasab was hanged at 7.30 A.M. in Yerwada Jail, PuneBackground of KasabKasab was a Pakistani militant and belonged to Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorist group. He was born on13 July 1987 at Faridkot, Pakistan and is 25 years old. Kasab was found guilty in 80 offenceswhich included murder, possession of explosives, waging a war against India and many more.The Supreme Court of India upheld the death sentence of Kasab on 29 August 2012. Thewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 20
  21. 21. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 21defense lawyers on Kasab’s side are Defense lawyers Amin Solkar, Farhana Shah and AbbasKazmi.Kasab’s execution is second-fastest in the historyKasab’s execution is said to be the second fastest in the history of India, only after Banswara-based Ramchandra a.k.a Raoji. Raoji was executed in just 3 years after murdering his family.Raoji was put to death on 4 May 1996.Comparing the two, Kasab’s execution is the second-fastest as he was hanged 4 years after hisheinous terror attack in Mumbai. It is quite significant to note that the President PranabMukherjee decided to reject Kasab’s mercy plea while 14 other petitions till October 2012 werepending and this also included Parliament attack terrorist- Afzal Guru besides other importantnames.INDIA AND AFGHANISTAN SIGNED FOUR COOPER ATION PACTSIndia and Afghanistan on 12 November 2012 signed four agreements to cooperate in areas ofsocial welfare, fertilizer, coal mining and youth affairs. President of Afghanistan Hamid Karzaiwas in India on a four day visit from 9 November 2012 to12 November 2012. During his visit aMemorandum of Understanding was signed by External Affair Minister Salman Khurshid andAfghanistan Foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul under which India will provide grants toAfghanistan to implement small development projects through local bodies, communityorganisations, charitable trusts and educational institutions. To Read MoreINDIA SIGNED 70 MILLION US DOLLAR LOAN AGREEMENTGovernment of India on 22 November 2012 signed a 70-million US Dollar loan agreement withWorld Bank for financing the Karnataka Health Systems Development as well as Reform Project.Primary objective of this project is improvisation of public-private collaboration, health servicesdelivery and financial aid for vulnerable groups and underserved in Karnataka. The agreementwas signed by the Joint Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs and India OperationsAdvisor of World Bank in New Delhi.The components of the project include:• Strengthening present health programs of the Government of India• Innovations in the health financing as well as service delivery• Project management, evaluation as well as monitoringAdditional financing of this project is scheduled to be implemented till 31 March 2016.CCEA APPROVED 9.5 PERCENT STAKE DISINVESTMENT IN NTPCwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 21
  22. 22. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 22The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the disinvestment of 9.5 percentGovernment Stake in the Maharatna PSU-National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) on 22November 2012 from its holding of 84.50 percent. The disinvestment would be done throughthe stock exchanges following the SEBI Rules, via an offer for sales of the shares. The equitydisinvestment of NTPC would bring back a sum of about 13000 crore rupees. With thisdisinvestment the governments holding on NTPC would fall down from present 84.5 percent to75 percent, which will adhere to the minimum public shareholding norms that was stipulatedby the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), the market regulators. To Read MoreUNION CABINET CLEARED SETTING UP OF 21 TEXTILE PARKSThe Union Government on 8 November 2012 approved the release of funds for theestablishment of 21 integrated textile parks which was sanctioned in the 11th Five Year Plan.The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), in ameeting held in New Delhi also had committed thegovernment to provide for liability beyond 200 crore Rupees.It was in October 2010 that the CCEA had approved aproposal for setting up additional 21 integrated textile parksutilising the Rs.200 crore left in the 11th plan. The parks wereto be implemented during the 11th Five Year plan (2007-2012) under the Scheme of Integrated Textile Parks (SITP)aims at providing private sector investment, generatingemployment and a create a need-based and product-based world class infrastructure for theindustry. Now the establishment will extend up to 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) and envisagesa total investment of 819 crore rupees.UNION GOVERNMENT APPROVED AN ANTI-PIRACY SCHEMEThe Union Government of India on 27 November 2012 approved a scheme under the 12th FiveYear Plan for carrying out an anti-piracy initiative in the audio-visual sector with an allocation oftwo crore rupees. The new scheme of Information and Broadcasting Ministry aims to putspecial focus on piracy on the internet. Under the scheme, the campaign on piracy throughaudio-visual, internet and print media will be launched. The piracy continues to be a keychallenge for the Indian film sector and has been a prime reason for the decline of the homevideo market in the country. The emerging threat to legitimate exhibition of films is illegaldownload of films available on websites.SEBASTIAN VETTEL BECAM E YOUNGEST TRIPLE CH AMPIONSebastian Vettel of Germany, the Red Bull driver became youngest triple champion in thehistory of Formula One on 25 November 2012 by finishing 6th behind Jenson Button in theBrazilian Grand Prix. Vettel, 25 got himself involved in opening lap collision and made very littledamage to his Red Bull car in the run in rain-swept conditions at Interlagos circuit. The only titlerival of Vettel was two-time champion Spaniard Fernnando Alonso who finished in the secondwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 22
  23. 23. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 23position in his Ferrari. However he had pre-race 13 points deficit while Vettel won the title bymerely three points.Vettel was the third driver in the history of Formula One to win three consecutive titles. Otherswho have done this before are Michael Schumacher and Argentine Juan Manuel Fangio. TheRed Bull team of Vettel took the third constructors championship in the sequence on 18November 2012 in Texas and finished with 281 points while Alonso with 278 points.BOLT AND FELIX NAMED IAAF WORLD ATHLETES OF THE YEAR 2012Usain Bolt won the IAAF World Athlete of the Year Award 2012 for the fourth time and UnitedStates sprinter Allyson Felix won womens World Athlete of the Year Award 2012 on 24November 2012 during the IAAFs 100th Anniversary Celebration. The Jamaican sprinter Bolthad won for defending his gold medals in the 100 and 200 meter races of the summers’Olympic Games, he also won the same award previously in 2008, 2009 and 2011. Bolt managedto be ahead of United States hurdler Aries Merritt and Kenyan runner David Rudisha to win theaward. To Read MoreGREENHOUSE GASES LEVEL REACHED RECORD HIGH IN 2011World Meteorological Organization (WMO) on 20 November 2012 in the annual GreenhouseGas Bulletin revealed that the atmospheric volume of the greenhouse gases, which are oftenblamed for the change in atmosphere, had hit the record in 2011. The volume of the maingreenhouse gas- carbon dioxide grew at almost identical rate in previous 10 years and ittouched 390.9 parts per million (ppm) or 40 percent above the pre-industrial level, as per thesurvey. There had been an increase on an average by 2 ppm for last decade. To Read MoreTONGARIRO VOLCANO ERUPTED IN NEW ZEALANDThe Tongariro Volcano in Mount Tongariro at Tongariro National Park, New Zealand erupted on21 November 2012. This volcano left behind massive plume of ash billows up to 3 kilometers inthe skies of Tongariro National Park in the North Island of New Zealand. The volcano eruptedwith a grumble at 1:25 pm about 300 kilometers away from Wellington City of New Zealand.The volcano was used as the backdrop in many scenes and sequences of the Hollywood movie,Lord of the Rings film Trilogy. To Read MoreNASA LAUNCHED SPACE STATION ALERT SERVICEThe US Space Agency, NASA on 2 November 2012 launched a new service in which people canreceive text messages on their phones, whenever the International Space Station would comeover their house. The service was launched during the celebration of 12th anniversary ofastronauts living and working on the orbiting lab. The message would make people aware infinding out the International Space Station (ISS) as people yet are unaware about the location ofISS in the sky also about the fact that after sun and moon, it is the third brightest object presentwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 23
  24. 24. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 24in the sky. The Spot the Station facility would be available across the world as the trajectory ofthe station carries more than 90 percent population on earth. To Read Morewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 24
  25. 25. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 25www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 25
  26. 26. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 26INTERNATIONALPAKISTAN CABINET RATIFIED THE LANDMARK VISA PACT WITH INDIAPakistan’s Cabinet on 31 October 2012 ratified four recent agreements with India. The major ofwhich is landmark visa pact aimed at facilitating restrictions on several categories of travellers,including senior citizens and businessmen. The meeting was chaired by Prime Minister ofPakistan M Raja Pervez Ashraf who also ratified three other agreements that is going topromote trade between the Pakistan and India. The visa agreement was signed by thenexternal affairs minister S.M. Krishna and Pakistan’s interior minister Rehman Malik inIslamabad on 8 September 2012. To Read MoreINDIA-JAPAN-US TRILATERAL DIALOGUE HELD IN NEW DELHISenior officials of the India, Japan and USA held their third trilateral dialogue in New Delhi on 29October 2012 to enhance cooperation on combating maritime security, combating piracy andleveraging their strengths to shape the Asia-Pacific architecture. The trilateral meeting was thethird of its kind. The first round of talks was held in Washington in 2011 and the second roundwas held in Tokyo.INDIA-CANADA FINALISED A MECHANISM FOR SHIPPING URANIUMIndia and Canada on 6 November 2012 succeeded in creating a mechanism for shippingCanadian Uranium to India clearing the mistrust generated on the Canadian side after thenuclear explosion from India in 1974. Both the sides were successful in inking the agreement onthe mechanism of shipment of the Canadian Uranium to India for the first time after 1974. Thenuclear trade relations between the two nations were affected, when India used the plutoniumthat was allegedly abstracted from the Canadian test reactor to carry on a nuclear explosion inthe year 1974. To Read MoreUK LIFTED TRAVEL ADVISORY ON JAMMU AND KASHMIRThe United Kingdom on 6 November 2012 lifted its around twenty years old travel advisory forits nationals against travel to Srinagar, Jammu and Ladakh, referring improvements of thesecurity situation in the State. The lifting of travel advisory came to testimony the fact thatsecurity situation in Jammu and Kashmir is improved. The UK Foreign office declared on theirwebsite that they no longer advise against travel to Jammu and Kashmir or against travel on theJammu to Srinagar highway. To Read MoreNOOR INAYAT KHAN’S BUST UNVEILED AT LONDON BY PRINCESS ANNEwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 26
  27. 27. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 27Britains Princess Anne unveiled the Bronze Bustof Noor Inayat Khan in London, reckoned to be aheroine of the World War II on 8 November 2012 Rights of a film on Noor Inayatfor the role that she played as a secret agent in Khanthe secret mission against the Nazis. The Bronze Zafar Hai and Tabrez Noorani, theBust was unveiled at Gordon Square the place, two producers have obtained rightswhere Noor Inayat lived at the time. Noor Inayat of the book Spy Princess: The Life ofKhan was world’s first lady radio operator, who Noor Inayat Khan by Shrabani Basuwas infiltrated in the then occupied France and in September 2012, in order topass on the information of the allies. She was create a film.caught at Dachau Concentration Camp andkilled. To Read MoreINDIA AND BRITAIN DECIDED TO ENHANCE COOPERATIONIndia and Britain on 8 November 2012 decided to step-up cooperation in Cyber Security duringthe Foreign Minister level talks of both the nations. Before, this during the Foreign Secretarylevel talks, the issues discussed was nuclear energy and counter-terrorism. The representativesof both the nations, William Hague the British Foreign Secretary and Salman Khurshid IndiasExternal Affairs Minister after agreeing on the issues of cooperation on cyber crimes, whichincluded cooperation in defining the ways of tackling the cyber crime, bilaterally issued a jointstatement on the issues discussed. To Read MoreCENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY DIRECTOR DAVID PETRAEUS RESIGNEDCIA Director David Petraeus on 9 November 2012 resigned as head of the leading US spy agencyshocking the intelligence community. His resignation came on his personal choice after he hadengaged in an extramarital affair and acknowledged that he showed extremely poor judgment.In his letter to the CIA workforce, David Petraeus had asserted that he met with PresidentBarack Obama at the White House on 8 November 2012 and asked, he to be allowed forresignation for some personal reason. To Read MoreTHE REVIEW MEETING OF THE E-9 COUNTRIES CONCLUDEDThe three-day review meeting of Ministers of Education and heads of delegation of the E-9countries comprising India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Nigeria andMexico ended in New Delhi on 10 November 2012 with the adoption of the New DelhiCommitment. E-9 nations decided to expand their cooperation in Inclusive, Relevant QualityEducation for All. It took stock of the progress towards the Education for All goals and to renewcooperation in consolidating the gains and addressing remaining challenges. To Read MoreNEPAL ELECTED AS A BOARD MEMBER OF THE ECOSOCwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 27
  28. 28. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 28Nepal was elected on 8 November 2012 as a board member of the United Nations Economicand Social Council (ECOSOC) for a three year term starting from January 2013. Nepal along withseventeen other countries was elected as board members. Nepal was elected with 131 votesout of the total 194 in the UN General Assembly. The fifty-four member ESOSOC is one of theprincipal organs of the UN which coordinates the economic, social and related work of the UNand its specialized agencies and institutions.IEA: US WOULD BECOME WORLD’S LARGEST OIL PRODUCER BY 2017The International Energy Agency (IEA) in the second week of November 2012 announced thatUnited States would takeover Saudi Arabia as world’s biggest oil producing nation by 2017. Theforecast came up by the Paris based energy agency because U.S. has been drilling more crudeoil by using the technology based on hydraulic fracturing of underground shale formations. Thisdrilling activity would make U.S. in times to come as an economy that is self-sufficient in termsof energy within next five years but down the line by 2023, North America would became a netoil exporter in the world. This forecast from the International Energy Agency is a change on itsprevious prediction in which the agency stated that Saudi’s would be the world’s leader in oilproduction up to 2035. At present U.S. imports about 20 percent of oil to meet its energyneeds.FRANCE RECOGNISED THE NEW SYRIAN OPPOSITION COALITIONFrance recognized the new Syrian Opposition coalition on 13 November 2012. France hasbecome the first major nation to recognise the newly formed Syrian National Coalition ofopposition and Revolutionaries as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people. ArabLeague has granted Observer status to the bloc while the six nation Gulf Co-operation Councilhas already recognized it. Britain and European Union have stopped short of recognizing thebloc. Britain stated that it wants to see more evidence that the opposition grouping has strongsupport inside Syria. Meanwhile, Syrian opposition activist groups reported that 31 people werekilled across Syria as airstrikes continued along the countrys northeastern border with Turkey.JAPAN’S LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT, DISSOLVEDThe Japanese Lower House of Parliament-the House of Representatives was dissolved on 16November 2012, and paved the way ahead to general elections scheduled on 16 December2012. Takahiro Yokomichi, the Speaker of the House of Representatives read out the imperialdecree signed by Emperor Akihito to parliament, which proclaimed the dissolution of thegovernment. Campaigns of the election scheduled for 16 December 2012 would start from 4December 2012 and in case the ruling Noda’s Center-left Party Looses the election, Japan wouldget its seventh Prime Minister after many years. To Read MoreINDIA AND JAPAN SIGNED EARTHS PACT ON RARE EARTH MINERALSwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 28
  29. 29. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 29India and Japan signed an Earths Pact on 16 November 2012 that will enable the latter toimport the rare Earth minerals from India. These rare minerals are very important for the Tech-savvy industries of Japan. The pact came as a conclusion despite postponement of India-Japanannual summit. As per the signed pact, Japan will be able to import 4000 tonnes rare Earthminerals for a year from India. By signing the pact, Japan has branched out its supply fromChina for metals which are used in their industries. To Read MoreUS LIFTED THE BAN IMPOSED ON IMPORTS FROM MYANMARThe decade old ban on most of the imports from Myanmar in the third week of November wasscrapped by the United States. The step of scrapping the bans on import of most of theproducts from Myanmar came ahead of the landmark visit of the U.S. President Barack Obamascheduled on 20 November 2012 to the long isolated nation. With this visit to Myanmar,Obama would turn-up to be the first sitting President of U.S. to visit the country. To Read MoreBANGLADESH OPTED OUT OF D-8 SUMMIT TO BE HELD IN PAKISTANBangladesh opted out of the key summit known as D-8 Summit in Pakistan, which is scheduledto be held later in November, 2012. Bangladesh opted out because Pakistan refused toapologise for the deeds committed during 1971 war which eventually led to Bangladesh’sindependence. Bangladesh’s foreign minister in an earlier visit of Hina Rabbani, Pakistan’sforeign minister demanded a formal apology to the Bangladesh’s populace. This apology wasdemanded for the carnage committed by Pakistan Army and also for putting the formerpolitical as well as military personalities on trial in then-East Pakistan. Since then, Pakistan hasnot paid heed to the demand. Now, Bangladesh claims more clarity on this issue.DEATH OF SAVITA HALAPPANAVAR AND IRISH ABORTION LAWIndian origin dentist Savita Halappanavar died in Ireland on 28 October 2012 at the UniversityCollege Hospital Galway after the doctors refused her abortion despite hers body being sick andweak due to 17 weeks of pregnancy. The doctors had refused her abortion on the basis ofcatholic tenets. Eventually it led to septicemia or blood poisoning that led to her death. Savitasuffered miscarriage and when she went to University College Hospital Galway, she was refusedabortion saying that there was still the fetal heartbeat. To Read MoreCHINA STATE BROADCASTER AUCTIONED PRIME TIME SLOTChina’s main state broadcaster, China Central Television (CCTV) in the month of Novemberraised a record 15.88 billion Yuan (US$2.5 billion) by selling prime-time advertising spots foryear 2013. As per News paper Global times, Revenue from the closely-watched auction byChina Central Television (CCTV) grew more than 11 per cent from a similar auction for year2012.Analysts is describing the results as encouraging amid a slowdown in China’s overalleconomy. To Read Morewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 29
  30. 30. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 30RBI AND THE STATE BANK OF VIETNAM SIGNED A MOUThe Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 16 November 2012 signed a Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) with the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) for promoting greater co-operation and sharingsupervisory information, between the two supervisors. The MoU between the two banks wassigned at Hanoi, Vietnam in the Headquarters of State Bank of Vietnam and by the ChiefGeneral Manager-In-Charge, Department of Banking Supervision, RBI- G. Jaganmohan Rao andChief Inspector, Banking Supervision Agency, SBV- Nguyen Huu Nghia. The Deputy Governor,SBV- Dang Thanh Binh, and Indian Ambassador to Hanoi- Ranjit Rae graced this occasion ofsigning the MoU.INDIA VOTED AGAINST RESOLUTION TO BAN DEATH PENALTIESIndia was one among the 39 other countries that voted on 20 November 2012 against the non-binding draft resolution of UN General Assembly that proposed for putting an end to deathpenalty. India voted on the grounds that each and every nation has its own sovereign right inorder to determine the legal system. 110 nations voted in the favour, while 36 memberswithdrew. The non-binding UN resolution called for suspension on the capital punishment witha view to put an end to the death penalty. To Read MoreINDIA ADDED NEW ITEMS TO PROMOTE INDO-MYANMAR TRADEIndian Government in the month of November added 22 commodities such as agriculturaltools, bicycle, coal and garments in the list of items for border trade with Myanmar to boost thetwo-way commerce between the neighbours. The new items added and revised in the list of 40tradable items was confirmed in a public notice by Director General of Foreign Trade which nowmake the list of 62 Consolidated items. To Read MoreTWENTY FIRST ASEAN SUMMIT CONCLUDED IN CAMBODIAThe 21st ASEAN Summit Phnom Penh was held on 18 November 2012 at Peace Palace, PhnomPenh in Cambodia. Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia- Samdech Akka Moha SenaPadei Techo Hun Sen was the Chairperson for the 21st ASEAN Summit Phnom Penh, Cambodia.The head of states of the ASEAN members and the Secretary-General of ASEAN participated inthe 21st ASEAN Summit and discussed about things like progress of the Implementation ofASEAN Charter and Roadmap for an ASEAN community. To Read MoreTENTH ASEAN-INDIA SUMMIT CONCLUDED AT CAMBODIAThe tenth ASEAN-India Summit that was held at Peace Palace, Phnom Penh, Cambodiaconcluded on 19 November 2012. The summit was chaired by the Prime Minister of theKingdom of Cambodia- Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo HUN Sen and attended by theleaders of the ten Member states of ASEAN and the Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.During the summit the discussions were held on identifying the future course of action on thewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 30
  31. 31. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 31ASEAN-India relations. Success was achieved in deciding the convening of the ASEAN-IndiaCommemorative Summit scheduled to be held on 20 December to 21 December 2012 at NewDelhi, India, the summit will be held to commemorate the 20th Anniversary of the ASEAN-IndiaDialogue Relations. To Read MoreTHE 2ND INDIA-CHINA STRATEGIC ECONOMIC DIALOGUEThe 2nd India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue was held in New Delhi on 26 November, 2012.During the 2nd meeting of the Dialogue, India and China discussed a wide range of topicsincluding greater cooperation at the global level, strengthening communication on macro-economic policies, deepening and expanding trade and investment and promoting bilateralcooperation in the financial and infrastructure sectors. The proposals and recommendationsmade by the five Working Groups were considered during the 2nd Dialogue and directionsgiven for their future activities. To Read MoreTHE 8TH MEETING OF THE INDIA-UK JWG ON COUNTER TERRORISMThe 8th meeting of the India-UK Joint Working Group (JWG) on Counter Terrorism was held onNovember 20, 2012 in New Delhi. The discussions of the JWG were held in an atmosphere oftrust and mutual understanding. The two countries shared their respective threat assessmentsand informed each other of the measures taken by their governments to strengthen counterterrorism policies and structures. They also discussed the follow up on the Mumbai terrorattacks of 26/11. The two countries also exchanged views on international developments,coordination in international forum and their bilateral cooperation in the area. The firstmeeting of the India-UK Joint Working Group (JWG) took place in 2004. The next and the 9thmeeting of the JWG will be held in the UK in 2013 on mutually convenient dates.US MILITARY’S BAN ON WOMEN AT COMBAT POSITIONS CHALLENGEDThe American Civil Liberties Union filed a constitutional challenge in a federal court in SanFrancisco to the US militarys ban on women in most combat positions. The Union argued thatwomen were still barred from more than two hundred thousand frontline roles despite recentrelaxations. Approximately, 14500 combat positions had been opened to women under thecurrent defence secretary. The possibility of opening additional roles for women in the USmilitary is being explored. Women have served in the United States Army since 1775. Theynursed the ill and wounded, laundered and mended clothing, and cooked for the troops incamp on campaign; services that did not exist among the uniformed personnel within the Armyuntil the 20th Century. Women are an integral part of the US Army. At present, women serve in91 percent of all Army occupations and make up about 14 percent of the Active Army. Womencontinue to play a crucial role in current operations and their sacrifices in this noble effortunderscore their dedication and willingness to share great sacrifices.INTERNATIONAL QUIZZESwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 31
  32. 32. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 32 1. India-Japan-US Trilateral Dialogue was held in New Delhi in to enhance cooperation on combating maritime security, combating piracy and leveraging their strengths to shape the Asia-Pacific architecture and was the third trilateral meeting of its type. What was the place, where the first round of these talks took place? a) Tokyo b) New Delhi c) New Jersey d) WashingtonAnswer. (d) Washington 2. India and Canada in November 2012 succeeded in creating a mechanism for shipping Canadian Uranium to India clearing the mistrust generated on the Canadian side after the nuclear explosion from India. When did the explosion done and what was the main issue. a) In 1976, the Uranium that India was exporting to Canada, which was never sent by the Indian side to Canada b) In 1974 when India used the plutonium that was allegedly abstracted from the Canadian test reactor to carry on a nuclear explosion c) In 1990, when Canada tried to exploit the resources from India for explosion purposes instead of using it for generation of power d) None of theseAnswer. (b) In 1974 when India used the plutonium that was allegedly abstracted from theCanadian test reactor to carry on a nuclear explosion 3. Which of the following statements in relation to India-Canada finalised a Mechanism for Shipping of Canadian Uranium to India is false? a) Both the sides were successful in inking the agreement on the mechanism of shipment of the Canadian Uranium to India for the first time after 1974. b) The nuclear trade relations between the two nations were affected, when India used the plutonium that was allegedly abstracted from the Canadian test reactor to carry on a nuclear explosion in the year 1974 c) India and Canada on 6 November 2012 succeeded in creating a mechanism for shipping Canadian Uranium to India d) India and Canada signed a treaty that states that India can also use the Uranium if required for generation of Nuclear missileswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 32
  33. 33. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 33 i. Statements a and d are false ii. Statements a, b and c are false iii. Statement d is false iv. Statement a is falseAnswer. (iii) Statement d is false 4. United Kingdom recently in November 2012 lifted its travel advisory from an Indian State-name the state? a) Chattishgarh b) Mizoram c) Jammu and Kashmir d) AssamAnswer. (c) Jammu and Kashmir 5. Name the lady reckoned to be a heroine of the World War II and was the world’s first lady radio operator, who was infiltrated in the then occupied France a) Noor Inayat Khan b) Phyllis Diller c) Makeda, Queen of Sheba d) Catherine II the Great Empress of All RussiaAnswer. (a) Noor Inayat KhanFor More Quizzeswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 33
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  35. 35. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 35WORLD DAIRY1 November 2012  Pakistan Cabinet Ratified the Landmark Visa Pact with India5 November 2012  India-Japan-US Trilateral Dialogue held in New Delhi6 November 2012  India-Canada finalised a Mechanism for Shipping of Canadian Uranium to India  UK Lifted Travel Advisory on Jammu and Kashmir  Barack Obama won the U.S. Presidential Elections 20128 November 2012  Noor Inayat Khan’s Bust to be Unveiled at London by Princess Anne  India, Britain decided to enhance Cooperation in Cyber Security  Nepal Elected as a Board Member of the ECOSOC9 November 2012  Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Director David Petraeus Resigned10 November 2012  The Review Meeting of the E-9 Countries concluded in New Delhi11 November 2012  IEA: US would become world’s largest oil producer by 201712 November 2012  India and Afghanistan Signed Four Cooperation Pacts13 November 2012  France recognized the New Syrian Opposition Coalition16 November 2012  Japan’s Lower House of Parliament the House of Representatives, dissolvedwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 35
  36. 36. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 36  India and Japan Signed Earths Pact on Rare Earth Minerals  RBI and the State Bank of Vietnam signed a Memorandum of Understanding  India and Japan Signed Two Agreements in Tokyo17 November 2012  US Lifted the Ban Imposed on Imports from Myanmar, before President Obama’s Visit to the Nati  Death of Savita Halappanavar Ignited Strong Reactions for Change in Irish Abortion Law18 November 2012  Bangladesh Opted out of D-8 Summit Scheduled to be Held in Pakistan  China State Broadcaster Auctioned Prime Time Slot at a Record Price19 November 2012  India Added 22 New Items to promote Indo-Myanmar Border Trade  The Seventh East Asia Summit concluded in Phnom Penh, Cambodia  Twenty first ASEAN Summit concluded in Phnom Penh, Cambodia  Tenth ASEAN-India Summit Concluded at Peace Palace, Phnom Penh, Cambodia20 November 2012  India Voted Against UN General Assembly’s Resolution to Ban Death Penalties  The 8th Meeting of the India-UK JWG on Counter Terrorism held in New Delhi26 November 2012  The 2nd India-China Strategic economic Dialogue held in New Delhi  India and Sweden Signed Social Security Agreement in New Delhi27 November 2012  US Military’s Ban on Women in most Combat Positions Challenged  UN (United Nations) Panel passed N Korea Resolution by Consensuswww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 36
  37. 37. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 37www.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 37
  38. 38. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 38ECONOMYGOVERNMENT OF INDIA ANNOUNCED MSP FOR COTTONThe Union Government on 2 November 2012 announced a revised Minimum Support Price(MSP) for cotton and this would help in inducingstabilisation in cotton price. Cotton has witnessed a sharpdecline in the past and remained operational round aboutits minimum support price. After the review meetconducted on 2 October 2012, by the Union TextilesMinister, Anand Sharma the revisions were done. Thedecided minimum support price of medium staple cottonhas gone up to 3600 rupees per quintal from initial rate of2800 rupees. Similarly, the MSP for long staple cotton hasgone up to 3900 per quintal from 3300 rupees. This rate is fixed for the fiscal year 2012-13. ToRead MoreGAIL AND RSPCL SIGNED AN AGREEMENT OF JOINT VENTUREThe GAIL Gas Limited and the Rajasthan State Petroleum Corporation Limited (RSPCL) signed anagreement of Joint Venture on 5 November 2012 to lay down the natural gas supply pipeline inthe state. Both the bodies will together formulate a long-term plan on commercial, domestic aswell as industrial consumption of the gas. The agreement was signed by GAIL Gas Limited ChiefExecutive Officer J. Vasan and Ajitabh Sharma Managing Director of RSPCL in presence of C.K.Mathew, State Chief Secretary. The joint venture would help in supply of pollution free LPG,CNG and LNG to consumers of different categories and would also be responsible fordevelopment of the CNG stations on the road sides of the state and national highways. Theproject would also supply the gas required by the industrial units that is coming up on theDelhi-Mumbai industrial corridor. The transport, supply and distribution of gas would be carriedafter getting approvals from the Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulatory Board.GOVERNMENT DECIDED TO DIGITIZE CABLE TV NETWORKThe Union Government of India on 6 November 2012 decided to digitise Cable TV network inthirty eight cities, spread over 15 States, by 31 March 2013 in the second phase of digitisation.Earlier, the digitization was completed in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata on the 31 October 2012,while in Chennai the deadline was extended till the 9 November 2012 by the Madras HighCourt.SOUTH AFRICAN GOVERNMENT ROLLED OUT NELSON MANDELA NOTESThe South African Reserve Bank on 6 November 2012 rolled out new bank notes bearing theface of the country’s first black President Nelson Mandela marking it as a tribute to him. Thewww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 38
  39. 39. Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 39Note issued by the South African Reserve Bank, displayed the 94-year-old anti-apartheid icon’ssmiling face. Also, the earlier images of one of the five big animals featured on the old banknotes – lion, leopard, rhino, buffalo and elephant – will be retained on the reverse of the note.Nelson Mandela is currently living out his retirement in his childhood rural village of Qunu inthe Eastern Cape Province. Nelson Mandela held office between 1994 and 1999 and he is thefirst black face to appear on South African money.CIVIL AVIATION MINISTRY APPROVED NEW TRAFFIC RIGHTSThe Civil Aviation Ministry in the first week of November 2012 approved new traffic rights toIndian carriers for the next three seasons to expand international air travel out of the country.The new cities include Rome, Madrid, Barcelona, Sydney, Melbourne, Nairobi, Al Najaf in Iraq,Moscow, Zurich, Macau, Tashkent and Ho Chi Minh City. Air India and its subsidiary Air IndiaExpress got their number of weekly flights enhanced. To Read MoreRETAIL INFLATION IN INDIA ROSE TO 9.75 PERCENT IN OCTOBER 2012The Data on Retail Inflation was released by the Government of India on 11 November 2012.The retail inflation in India rose to 9.75 percent in the month of October 2012 after beingmeasured on the scale of Consumer Price Index (CPI). The retail inflation was marginal as itwitnessed a rise of 0.02 percent of the noted rise of 9.73 percent in the month of September2012. The rise in rural India the Consumer Price Inflation rose to 9.98 percent from the 9.79percent recorded in September 2012. To Read MoreUNION CABINET CLEARED PROPOSAL FOR SPECTRUM SHARINGThe Union Cabinet of India on 8 November 2012 approved levy of about 31000 crore rupees asone-time spectrum charge to be implemented on all incumbent telecom operators like BharatiAirtel, Vodafone, Idea and others. The proposed charges had been implemented to create alevel ground between the old players and the new players of the telecom sector. The FinanceMinister of India P Chidambaram declared that the recommendations of the EGoM(Empowered Group of Ministers) was cleared and the GSM operators would have to pay for theairwaves that they hold beyond the 4.4 Mega-Hertz, the price determined at the auction andthe operators holding more than 6.2 mega hertz airwaves would have to pay a retroactive feefrom July 2008 onwards. The CDMA operators would have to pay for the airwaves that theyhold beyond 2.5 Mega-Hertz as per the validity of the permits offered to them.INCOME CEILING FOR L IG RAISED BY UNION GOVERNMENT OF INDIAThe Union Government of India on 15 November 2012 decided to raise cap on the annualincome which is required for qualification for the benefits under the present housing schemesfor the Low Income Groups (LIG) as well as Economically Weaker Sections (EWS). This step onthe part of the government will provide benefit to 20 lakh people. The Ministry for Housing andwww.jagranjosh.com Current Affairs PDF November 2012 Page 39

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