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Livewell oxygen injection

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Livewell oxygen injection

  1. 1. Livewell Oxygen Injection Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Inland Fisheries Division San Antonio District Office (10/12/16)
  2. 2. •Dissolved oxygen is the single-most critical factor for maintaining health of black bass retained in livewells. •Various oxygen equipment was tested to determine a simple, effective, and safe system for maintaining desirable dissolved oxygen (>7.0 mg/l) in livewells. •This presentation recommends system components and describes installation, operation, and safety. Complete oxygen injection system
  3. 3. Time (minutes) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Dissolvedoxygen(mg/l) 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 2002 Basscat Oxygen injection: 0.06 LPM Recirculation type: spray bar 5 fish = 12.5 lbs Water: Calaveras H20 temperature: 75 F Oxygen injection Recirculation Time (minutes) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Dissolvedoxygen(mg/l) 6 8 10 12 14 2006 Skeeter Oxygen injection: 0.06 LPM 5 fish = 12.5 lbs Recirculation type: venturi spray head Water: Calaveras H20 temperature: 75 F Oxygen injection Recirculation Time (minutes) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Dissolvedoxygen(mg/l) 2 4 6 8 10 12 1997 Charger Oxygen injection: 0.13 LPM 5 fish = 27.6 lbs Recirculation type: venturi sub-surface pipe Water: Falcon H20 temperature: 77 F Oxygen injection Recirculation
  4. 4. •Custom engineered for livewell oxygen injection by Premier Industries. •Industrial grade and not considered a medical device by FDA or Texas Department of State Health Services. •CGA540 inlet and ¼” barb outlet. Oxygen Regulator •Fixed-flow, LPM is factory pre-set to 0.1. •Dual-stage design which maintains LPM at 0.1 in response to changing PSI. •High quality PSI gauge which indicates fullness of oxygen bottle.
  5. 5. Appropriate size oxygen bottles and specifications Size classification Capacity Diameter (inches) Length including valve (inches) Number of 8 hour fishing days for full bottle MD or D 15 ft3 4.4 20 20 M9 or C 9 ft3 4.4 14.2 12 •Use of a CGA540 valve permits use and refill with welding grade oxygen. Use of medical grade oxygen is by prescription only. •Bottle top will often be painted red by oxygen supplier to indicate its filled with welding grade oxygen.
  6. 6. •Securely mount bottle protecting it and the regulator from impact and excessive vibration. •Consider different bottles sizes when choosing mounting location. •Its preferable to route oxygen hose on port side of boat away from wiring and cables located on starboard side. •Do not locate bottle in boat bilge or in compartments containing oil, gas, or batteries. •Remove oxygen bottle from boat when not planning to use. 9 ft3 bottle mounted with fire extinguisher bracket in compartment under seat 15 ft3 bottle mounted with fire extinguisher bracket under console 5 lb. fire extinguisher bracket and large hose clamps 9 ft3 bottle mounted in wood box in compartment under seat
  7. 7. •There are no federal or Texas regulations specific to use and storage of oxygen equipment on recreational fishing boats. •Aluminum bottles require re-testing every 5 years •Oxygen by itself is not flammable, however the pure form is a dangerous accelerant and highly reactive to oil-based products. •Do not smoke around oxygen equipment •Do not use products containing oil on or around oxygen equipment (e.g. WD-40, silicone, etc) or combustion of these may occur. •Test all connections with soapy water to ensure there are no oxygen leaks before use. •Cable/zip ties were inadequate •Use hose clamps or more secure connectors •Frequently re-check hoses and connections for leaks and damage •Do not fill oxygen bottle from another bottle (i.e. transfill). Bottle or valve failure could result.
  8. 8. regulator livewell 1 livewell 2 1/4“ barbed tee •Most modern bass boats have two independent livewells. The single oxygen line from the regulator is split to form two lines to facilitate oxygen injection into both livewells. •This “T” connection should be made as as near as possible to where oxygen will be routed thru the rear wall of the livewell. •Durable ¼ “ ID reinforced hose should be used between the regulator and livewell. •The hoses running from the tee to the livewell wall fittings should be equal length.
  9. 9. ¼” barbed tee oxygen diffuser rear wall of livewell •Use the soft, flexible hose inside livewells to allow diffusers to remain stable and upright. •Use equal length hoses inside livewells. •Use teflon tape on threaded livewell wall fittings
  10. 10. •Turn the knob counterclockwise on the CGA540 valve to inject oxygen. Turning the valve clockwise will shut-off oxygen flow. •Diffusers will take 3-4 minutes to pressurize before producing oxygen bubbles. •Both livewells will need to be filled with water for diffusers to function properly. If one livewell is filled and the other left empty, all oxygen will flow out the diffuser in the livewell having no water because this is the path of least resistance. •Recirculation (air-water mixing) can be used simultaneously with oxygen injection, however oxygen in excess of saturation level with be volatized off. •The surface of the diffusers can be cleaned using fine grit sandpaper if dirt or build- up hamper performance. Operation
  11. 11. •Safety should be the primary concern if modifying system or substituting components. •Lower quality diffusers are much less efficient and may not achieve desired oxygen level at the recommended oxygen injection rate of 0.1 LPM.
  12. 12. •More information on livewell oxygen injection  http://tpwd.texas.gov/fishboat/fish/didyouknow/inland/livewells.phtml •Other proven livewell management techniques • Cooling the water • Addition of stock salt • Periodic water exchanges •http://assets.espn.go.com/winnercomm/outdoors/bassmaster/pdf/b_con_KeepingBassAlive.pd f • Fizzing •http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/newsmedia/releases/?req=20110202d Overall Livewell Management
  13. 13. Component, Cost, and Supplier list Costs do not include shipping or tax, prices are subject to change. Equivalent items are available from other vendors. Item Part Number Cost($) Supplier Aluminum Oxygen Bottle 9 ft3 capacity (M9) with standard CGA540 valve T540M9 62.95 Cramer Decker Medical OR cramerdeckermedical.com 15 ft3 capacity (MD) with standard CGA540 valve Y540MD 70.95 (877) 222-0200 Oxygen Regulator (Model 4700) Premier Industries CGA540 inlet, 1/4" barb outlet, flow set at 0.1 LPM 50-11530-01 contact company nationaltorch.com (763) 786-4020 Oxygen Fill AirGas Welding grade oxygen 11.00 or Other Local Supplier Bottle Mounting Bracket Hallmann Sales Larsens 5lb fire extinguisher bracket 821 23.99 hallmann-sales.com (866) 966-9596 Diffusers, Fittings, Tubing, and Clamps 2- oxygen diffusers 1PMBD075 108.00 Pentair-Aquatic Ecosystems Pentairaes.com (877) 347-4788 5 ft. ¼” ID black vinyl tubing BTV40 2.55 15-20 ft. ¼” ID reinforced clear vinyl tubing TVR40 19.40 1 - ¼” tee (barb) connector 62064 .78 2- 4” hose clamps for fire ext. bracket SSI 4.30 10 - ¼” stainless steel hose clamps SSAA 9.80 2 - ¼” barb X ¼” MIP hose barb adapters 903-401001 6.72 Home Depot 2 - ¼” barb X ¼” FIP hose barb adapters 903-691001 6.22
  14. 14. •We thank the following for their assistance and comments. •Aquatic Ecosystems •AirGas •Matheson Tri-Gas •Premier Industries •James and Tom Bendele (Falcon Lake Tackle) •Ken Parker (Boerne Marine) •Rick Pierce (Bass Cat Boats) •Gene Gilliland (Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation) •Carl Wengenroth (Angler’s Lodge) TPWD-Inland Fisheries, District 1D 12861 Galm Rd. San Antonio, TX 78254 210-688-9460 Randy.Myers@tpwd.state.tx.us Jason.Driscoll@tpwd.state.tx.us

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