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The Digital Biome<br />Re-engineering the Ecosystem to Survive and Thrive in the 21s Century<br />Ramez Naam							       ...
Welcome to the Anthropocene<br />
Global problems, global risks<br />
Ocean Acidification<br />
CATCH SOARING<br />
Depleted Fisheries<br />
Fish Tons Per Unit Effort<br />
Annual Rice Yields in China.  Source: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042809-112206  <br />
Species Loss<br />
Peak Oil: Projections<br />
Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance?(At M. Vassar’s Request)<br />
Biology as Info Tech<br />
Goal:  100,000 Genomes by 2020<br />
2020: $10 Human Genome<br />
Knowing is Half the Battle<br />
The Other Half is Doing<br />
If the Genome is Digital<br />
Can We Edit It?<br />
Tools from biology<br />
“When you think of all the things that are made from oil and the chemical industry and the fuel industries — if in the fut...
Algae Based Biofuels<br />
Tobacco Mosaic Virus<br />
GM Eucalyptus Trees<br />
5 Days<br />
The fundamental limits<br />
Fresh Water<br />
13%<br />
Increasing Photosynthetic Efficiency for Greater Yield<br />Xin-GuangZhu, Stephen P. Long, and Donald R. Ort, Annual Revie...
Winning the Race<br />
US Energy Spending: One Trillion Dollars<br />You Are Here<br />
Supply<br />Price<br />Demand<br />Behavior<br />
Garbage Data<br />
Perceived Infinite Supply of:<br />
Atmospheric CO2 Absorption<br />
Ocean CO2 Absorption<br />
Ocean Fish (at any given time)<br />
Fresh Water Aquifers<br />
Garbage Model:  Distortions<br />
Clean Up Our Inputs<br />
Clean Up Our Model<br />
Price or Regulate Commons<br />
Remove Distortions<br />
Invest in R&D<br />
Incentivize Conservation<br />
Incentivize Efficiency<br />
Incentivize Innovation<br />
Maximize Odds of Success<br />
Minimize Odds of Catastrophe<br />
Ramez Naam      		            @ramez<br />
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The Digital Biome: Re-engineering Life on Earth to Survive and Thrive in the 21st Century

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Exponential technologies offer the promise not only of changing the human condition, but of radically altering the face of the planet on which we dwell. Within the next 20 years we will have sequenced the genome of every known species on the earth and tremendously advanced our understanding of how to utilize those genes and reprogram those organisms to alter the biosphere. Biosphere engineering will play a major role in overcoming current environmental and resource challenges, including finite reserves of fossil fuels and looming changes to the earth’s climate. That is just the beginning. An understanding of the complete biome genome will bring tremendous agility in combating future infectious disease outbreaks, in creating new sensors and manufacturing capabilities, and in revolutionizing food. Biosphere engineering and its underlying technologies will allow us to dramatically raise the population carrying capacity of the planet to tens of billions of individuals at least. With effective technology to sculpt the planetary biome, the limits of the number of humans that can live on the planet, and the quality of life of each, at tremendously higher than they appear to be today. This talk will explore some of the lower bounds of what's possible with control of the biome, and what we need to do to survive and overcome our challenges to get there.

Published in: Technology

The Digital Biome: Re-engineering Life on Earth to Survive and Thrive in the 21st Century

  1. The Digital Biome<br />Re-engineering the Ecosystem to Survive and Thrive in the 21s Century<br />Ramez Naam @ramez<br />
  2. Welcome to the Anthropocene<br />
  3. Global problems, global risks<br />
  4. Ocean Acidification<br />
  5. CATCH SOARING<br />
  6. Depleted Fisheries<br />
  7. Fish Tons Per Unit Effort<br />
  8. Annual Rice Yields in China. Source: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042809-112206 <br />
  9. Species Loss<br />
  10. Peak Oil: Projections<br />
  11. Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance?(At M. Vassar’s Request)<br />
  12. Biology as Info Tech<br />
  13. Goal: 100,000 Genomes by 2020<br />
  14. 2020: $10 Human Genome<br />
  15. Knowing is Half the Battle<br />
  16. The Other Half is Doing<br />
  17. If the Genome is Digital<br />
  18. Can We Edit It?<br />
  19. Tools from biology<br />
  20. “When you think of all the things that are made from oil and the chemical industry and the fuel industries — if in the future we could find cells to replace most if not all of these processes, the ideal way would be to do it by direct design.”<br /> -- Craig Venter<br />
  21. Algae Based Biofuels<br />
  22. Tobacco Mosaic Virus<br />
  23. GM Eucalyptus Trees<br />
  24. 5 Days<br />
  25. The fundamental limits<br />
  26. Fresh Water<br />
  27. 13%<br />
  28. Increasing Photosynthetic Efficiency for Greater Yield<br />Xin-GuangZhu, Stephen P. Long, and Donald R. Ort, Annual Review of Plant Biology<br />Timeline of boosting photosynthetic efficiency. Source: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042809-112206<br />
  29. Winning the Race<br />
  30. US Energy Spending: One Trillion Dollars<br />You Are Here<br />
  31. Supply<br />Price<br />Demand<br />Behavior<br />
  32. Garbage Data<br />
  33. Perceived Infinite Supply of:<br />
  34. Atmospheric CO2 Absorption<br />
  35. Ocean CO2 Absorption<br />
  36. Ocean Fish (at any given time)<br />
  37. Fresh Water Aquifers<br />
  38. Garbage Model: Distortions<br />
  39. Clean Up Our Inputs<br />
  40. Clean Up Our Model<br />
  41. Price or Regulate Commons<br />
  42. Remove Distortions<br />
  43. Invest in R&D<br />
  44. Incentivize Conservation<br />
  45. Incentivize Efficiency<br />
  46. Incentivize Innovation<br />
  47. Maximize Odds of Success<br />
  48. Minimize Odds of Catastrophe<br />
  49. Ramez Naam @ramez<br />

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