Indian elite 2


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Indian elite 2

  1. 1. Indian Elite Ramana & Acharya
  2. 2. Topics • • • • • • • Definitions Taxonomy of Indian Elites Modernism Positivism US Political Interaction with Indian groups Groups in India and world contacts US – Pakistan – China – India dialog
  3. 3. Definitions • Macaulayized Mind – Products of British Education process which de-emphasizes local culture and tradition. Long colonial exposure has created a British mental attitude and world view. More English than the English themselves. • Deracinated Indian Elite (DIE) – Internationalists without roots in India. Exposure/living in western world has removed the traditional Indian cultural link in family/thought. • Makakalized Mind – From French- macaque monkey. Derogatory reference to slaves in Southern US. Modern usage to describe one who is mental slave after independence. • Traditional India – People who strongly believe in the idea of India • Islamized Mind – People who believe in the superiority of the Islamic beliefs.
  4. 4. Taxonomy of Indian Elites • Westernized Elites – English educated – Deracinated Eliites Babucracy • Babucracy/Experts – Diplomats – IAS – Academia • Business people – Western educated – Business House representatives Business Classes Political Elites • Political Elites – – – – – Non-Communist left Internationalists Marxists Western trained sociologists Leftist media elite
  5. 5. Modernism • • • • • Modernism as a tendency emerged in the mid-19th century, particularly in Paris, France, Rooted in the idea that "traditional" forms of art, literature, social organization and daily life had become outdated, and that it was therefore essential to sweep them aside. Draws on previous revolutionary movements, including liberalism and communism. Modernism encouraged the re-examination of every aspect of existence, from commerce to philosophy, with the goal of finding that which was "holding back" progress, and replacing it with new, and therefore better, ways of reaching the same end. In essence, the modernist movement argued that the new realities of the industrial and mechanized age were permanent and immanent, and that people should adapt their world view to accept that what was new was also good and beautiful.
  6. 6. Positivism • • • • • Positivism is a philosophy developed by Auguste Comte (widely regarded as the first true sociologist) at the beginning of the 19th century that stated that the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge, and that such knowledge can only come from positive affirmation of theories through strict scientific method. This view is sometimes referred to as a scientist ideology, and is often shared by technocrats who believe in the necessary progress through scientific progress. Positivism was first systematically theorized by Comte, who saw the scientific method as replacing metaphysics in the history of thought, and who observed the circular dependence of theory and observation in science. Comte was thus one of the leading thinkers of the social evolutionism thought. Positivism is the most evolved stage of society in anthropological Evolutionism, the point where science and rational explanation for scientific phenomena develops.
  7. 7. Effect of Western Education on India • • • • • Introduced Positivism Modernism Result is Macaulayized mind Lead to deracination End of Cold War led to Makakalized minds – Believe in inevitability of US dominance – Given up hope in the Indian thought
  8. 8. US Political Interaction with Indian groups • • USA Pre-1998 Post 1998 Discuss : Hindus RSS / Right Wing Hindu Traditions/sociology Discuss : India’s Place Congress (INC) • Pakistan China • - DIE - Internationalists -Leftists -Marxists -Left Media -Left Academia - Business houses - Indian Muslims -Traditional Indians - Sangha -Business Houses -US based NRIs -High net worth individuals Prior to 1998 US interaction was with ‘modernized’ Indians Topics were: – Hindus – RSS/Right Wing – Hindu traditions After 1998 US interaction was with Traditional India Topics were; – – – – India’s place in world Congress (INC) Pakistan’s survival China containment or engagement
  9. 9. Groups in India And World contacts WEST Indian Elite Indian Muslims Christians UMMAH - PAKISTAN - SAUDI ARABIA etc Hindu Elite Traditional India Sikhs/Khalistanis • Connectivity diagram of groups within and without India
  10. 10. US-Pakistan-China-India Dialog USA About India About India ISLAMISTS -Pakistan - KSA About India’s Place NEW China NEW INDIA