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Safety

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Safety

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Industrial safety is primarily a management activity which is concerned with • Reducing • Controlling • Eliminating hazards from the industries or industrial units. 1. MEANING OF INDUTRIAL SAFETY
  3. 3. HUMAN FACTORS CONTRIBUTION OF ACCIDENTS UNSAFE ACTION FACTORS PSYCHO-SOCIALAND PERSONAL FACTORS
  4. 4. 1.UNSAFE ACTION FACTORS 1) Failure to use Personal Protective equipments 2) Operating with out authority 3) Making Safety devises inoperative 4) Use unsafe equipment and improper tools 5) Taking unsafe position or posture 6) Working on moving equipments
  5. 5. 2.Psycho-social and personal factors 1) Age 2) Health condition 3) Home environment 4) Factory environment 5) Financial position 6) Addiction to intoxication substances 7) Reckless attitude 8) Day dreaming 9) Over confidence 10) Emotional instability 11) Dislike of supervisor 12) Marital status 13) Physical Problems(Vision, fatigue, hearing ,reaction time., etc)
  6. 6. To prevent accidents in the plant by reducing the hazard to minimum. To eliminate accident caused work stoppage and lost production. To achieve lower workmen’s compensation, and reduce all other direct and indirect costs of accidents. OBJECTIVES OF INDUSTRIAL SAFETY
  7. 7. To prevent loss of life, permanent disability and the loss of income of worker by eliminating causes of accidents.  To evaluate employee’s morale by promoting safe work place and good working condition. To educate all members of the organization in continuous state of safety mindless and to make supervision competent and intensely safety minded.
  8. 8. Engineering: i.e. safety at the design, equipment installation stage. Education: i.e. education of employees in safe practices. Enlistment: i.e. it concerns the attitude of the employees and management towards the programmed and its purpose. This necessary arose the interest of employees in accident prevention and safety consciousness. Encouragement: i.e. to enforce adherence to safe rules and practices. FOUR E’S OF SAFETY
  9. 9. Machineries Equipments Man Man Material Material Selection Design Maintenance Operation & Control Selection Training Placement Motivation Discipline Hazardous Properties Storage Transportation Handling Efficient Production/Product
  10. 10. 1. LINE ORGANIZATION: The entire responsibility fall in the line that is from the top level to worker level, every one is responsible regarding safety aspect. Many of the small scale industries follow this type of organization which does not have a separate department of safety. 2. SAFETY DIRECTOTATE: A Safety manager directs this organization. The effectiveness mainly depends on the activities of the manager .His essential duties are creating awareness among the employees, periodic inspection to locate unsafe conditions and identifying the unsafe act, conducting safety programs, maintaining injury and illness records and investigation of accidents etc.,
  11. 11. 3. COMMITTEE ORGANIZATION: Is standard in many corporate safety organizations found to be a very effective in accident prevention. The committee should be small enough for effective work, but large enough to provide the knowledge required to serve the mission. When Starting the committee we should ensure the: 1. Mission or responsibility of the committee 2. Authority, Including a budget, if any, afforded the committee 3. Procedures, i.e., frequency of meetings, start – up times and duration, agenda, attendance requirements, minutes or records to be kept ,and to whom reports are to be submitted.
  12. 12. GENERALLY THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF COMMITTEE 1] Executive Committee 2] Technical Committee 3] central safety committee
  13. 13.  This Committee acts in behalf of top management in supervising and controlling the safety efforts. A company employing several thousand workers, with an outstanding safety record has an executive committee
  14. 14.  A Combination of various departmental heads and managers and supervisory staff will be appointed as members. It has responsibility in correcting unsafe conditions or unsafe practices that it may discover.
  15. 15. Major Principal functions of the central safety committee: 1. Planning and actions of programmes for safety measures in the field of working environment 2. Follow the recent trends and developments in the prevention of accidents. 3. Conducting safety programmes to promote and propagate safety issues. 4. Submitting proposals for necessary investments in improving safety. 5. Must approve the appointment of safety officers and industrial health officers.
  16. 16. 3. SAFETY EDUCATION AND TRAINING Safety training is an extension of safety education which lies effectively in the use of safety working practices and techniques. In Safety training is a safe method of doing a job in the proper sequence of operations. BENEFITS OF SAFETY TRAINING: Safety work procedure in the operation of machines, equipment and handling material. Knowing the techniques of fire fighting, first-aid,lifting, stacking, crane operation etc. Safety education deals primarily in the development of mind, broadening one’s knowledge in the field of safety by understanding the concept or principle of any hazardous things on the job activity.
  17. 17. LEVEL OF PEOPLE AND THEIR TRAINING NEEDS A training programmes on specific areas like fire extinguishing , first aid, noise, industrial hygiene, major hazards control during emergency, use of personal protective equipments, Loading and lifting.
  18. 18. 3.SAFETY PROMOTIONS AND PUBLICITY SCHEMES

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