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Entrepreneurship and women empowerment-PPT about successful women Entrepreneurs


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Empowerment of Women is mainly based on their economic independence. Entrepreneurship will be a powerful tool for them to earn their income. Right or Respect? which one to choose. Simply seeking rights is of no use. Women were most respected lot in India in olden days. It is because of the British legacy we forgot our culture and started using women instead of respecting them.

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Entrepreneurship and women empowerment-PPT about successful women Entrepreneurs

  1. 1. Women Empowerment Through Entrepreneurship - The Indian Context Presentation by KRG Vice President – TANSTIA CEO – AATHMA December 2014
  2. 2. What is Empowerment • According to British Dictionary • give (someone) the authority or power to do something: • members are empowered to audit the accounts of limited companies • make (someone) stronger and more confident, especially in controlling their life and claiming their rights: • According to Wikipedia • Empowerment refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social , educational, gender, or economic strength of individuals and communities.
  3. 3. Women Empowerment the status of Women in India • Are women really the oppressed community in India? • Was it the case right from the beginning or is it the handy work of outsiders who came to rule us?
  4. 4. Faces of Indian Women • One of the most enduring cliches about India is that it is the country of contradictions. • Like all cliches, this one too has a grain of truth in it. • At the heart of the contradiction stand Indian women: for it is true to say that they are among the most oppressed in the world, and it is equally true to say that they are among the most liberated, the most articulate and perhaps even the most free. • Can these two realities be simultaneously true?”
  5. 5. Place of women in Indian society: A (cultural) historical perspective • • • • • • The Goddess (Devi) The mother The sister The wife Modern women affix their Father/Husband’s name But, out Gods have prefixed their Devi’s name • Uma Maheswar, Gowri Shankar, • Janaki Raman, Seetha Raman,
  6. 6. Woman empowerment in Pre – independence era(1921-47) • Under the leadership of Gandhiji , women participated in social movement against dowry and child marriages “If by strength is meant moral power, then woman is immeasurably man's superior”. 1/30/2014 7
  7. 7. Nehruji at eve of independence “You can tell condition of nation by looking at the status of its women” 1/30/2014 8
  8. 8. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar “I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved” 1/30/2014 9
  9. 9. What is Women Empowerment? Women's empowerment has five components: o o o o Sense of self-worth Right to have and to determine choices Right to have access to opportunities and resources Right to have the power to control their own lives, both within and outside the home o Ability to influence the direction of social change to create a more just social and economic order, nationally and internationally Guidelines on women's empowerment, united nations population information network (POPIN) un population division, department of economic and social affairs 1995 1/30/2014 10
  10. 10. What do you want • Respect or Rights? • When one will get Respect? • When you have the Rights, what is that you will forgo? • It is up to you!!!!!
  11. 11. The real worth of a woman “The origin of a child is a mother, a woman. ….she shows a man what sharing, caring, and loving is all about. That is the essence of a woman." Sushmita Sen, Miss Universe 1994
  12. 12. Current status of women empowerment in India 1/30/2014 13
  13. 13. Women in the population o Total population - 1210.2 million (2011) {Almost equal to the combined population of U.S.A., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan put together} o Women population - 586.5 million (48.5%) o Sex ratio (0 – 6 years) – 914 (women/1000 men) {Lowest since independence} 1/30/2014 14
  14. 14. Educational status of women Literacy rate Census data 2001,2011, RGI, GOI 1/30/2014 Department of education, Ministry of Human Resource & Development 2006-07 15
  15. 15. Economic independence of women  Work participation of women(2001) – 25.63%  Urban: rural ratio of work participation of women - 11.88: 30.79  Women working in unorganized sectors – 80%  Women economically active at 15 years (2009) – 33% Source: Google images 1/30/2014 16
  16. 16. Women at decision making level • Participation of women in 58.2 48.0 elections increased over the years • Proportion of women turnout for voting (2009) – 58.2% Source: Election Commission of India 1/30/2014 17
  17. 17. Women at decision making level • Proportion of women in national Proportion of women in national parliament parliament dipped till year 2007 1/30/2014 • “Women Reservation Bill” is still pending in the parliament 18
  18. 18. Holistic approach to Empowerment Health & Nut. Water & San. Political Participation Education Asset base Skills Marketing Technology Credit
  19. 19. The way forward 1/30/2014 20
  20. 20. Factors influcing women empowerment Women literacy Wisdom Economically independent women Industry Women Empowerment Women participation in election 1/30/2014 Proportion of women in parliament, local bodies Strength Empathy 21
  21. 21. A triangle that can move the mountain…. Universal primary education Emphasis on girl child 1/30/2014 Economic equality 22
  22. 22. Action Areas • Women availing services of public utilities like road transport, power, water and sanitation, telecommunication etc. • Training of women as highly skilled workerstop end skills • Research/Technology for women • Women in the work force • Asset ownership by women • Women as Entrepreneurs
  23. 23. Women who proved themselves
  24. 24. Mallika Srinivasan • • • • • • Economic Times Businesswoman of the year 2006. Director of the Rs 2500 crore Amalgamations Group Tafe. In 1986, she joined the family business as the General Manager of Tafe When she took over the turnover of the Company was Rs 85 cr. At present, the Company is earning a business over Rs 1,200 cr. On 26th January, 2014, on the eve of the 65th Republic Day she has been awarded ‘Padmashri’ the coveted award of the Indian Government.
  25. 25. Premalatha Pandiarajan the women behind 'Mafoi' Pandia Rajan • • K Pandia Rajan started it in 1992 with a capital of just Rs 60,000. Today it is the largest HR services provider and staffing company in India, with a turnover of Rs 435 crore (Rs 4.35 billion). • Ma Foi has so far helped generate career opportunities for more than 169,000 people in 35 countries. • Pandia Rajan was born in Vilampatti village in Sivakasi district. His father who was a worker at a match factory died when Pandia Rajan was just three months old. He was brought up by his grandparents in a joint family of about 40 to 50 people .
  26. 26. Ms. Chanda D. Kochhar, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer - ICICI • Mrs. Kochhar joined Jaihind College for a Bachelors Degree in Arts and after graduating in 1982 • Completed her MBA and Cost Accountancy. • She did her Masters in Management Studies (Finance) from the Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai and topped her batch and received the Wockhardt Gold Medal for Excellence in Management Studies. • In Cost Accountancy, she received the J. N. Bose Gold Medal for highest marks in that year.
  27. 27. Awards & Recognitions • Under the leadership of Ms. Kochhar ICICI Bank had won The Asian Banker - “Best Retail Bank in India“award for five consecutive years • Ranked 20th in the Forbe's list of Most Powerful Women in the World, 2009. • Ranked 25th in the Fortune’s List of Most Powerful Women in Business, 2008. • Featured in the list of 25 most powerful women leaders in Business Today, 2008. • Selected as ‘Rising Star Award’ for Global Awards 2006 by Retail Banker International. • Awarded Business Woman of the Year 2005 by The Economic Times of India. • Selected as Retail Banker of the Year 2004
  28. 28. The Lijjat Papad story • • • • • • Are you aware of the story of seven illiterate and poor women who borrowed Rs 80 to start a papad business? Its turnover from Rs 6,196 in the first year went upto Rs 300 crore in the next four decades 40,000 women on its revolutionary march. The story which reads almost like a fairy-tale chronicles the growth of an exclusive women's organisation Jaywantiben Popat, one of the women involved with this phenomenal spirit, was honoured last year at the ET Awards for her outstanding achievements The Lijjat Papad story is an inspirational one,
  29. 29. Mann Deshi Mahila Sahakari Bank • Chetna’s foundation established in 1994 a co-operative bank that is completely operated by women and serves women customers. • The bank was established with help of a group of illiterate women and has now grown into a $562,000 firm by the end of 2011. • In collaboration with HSBC, Mann Deshi Bank established the Udyogini Business School in 2007. • There are thousands of girls who drop out of school in Maharashtra every year, and Mann Deshi Udyogini aims at providing vocational training and financial training to these young women to enable them to become entrepreneurs,”
  30. 30. SEWA (Self-Employed Women's Association) • • • • • • • • Started as a trade union, registered in 1972, founded by Ela Bhat, it is an organisation of self-employed women workers who earn a living through their own labour or small businesses. SEWA sought a two-pronged strategy of full-employment and self-reliance. SEWA's membership, which is a nominal Rs. 5 a year, includes women from a cross-section of society — from vegetable and fruit hawkers to home-based weavers, potters and manual labourers. It is SEWA's belief that once women achieve employment and economic independence, they will improve the quality of not only their lives but also that of their families. Year Number of Members 1973 320 2002 6,89,551 Ela Bhatt has been awarded the Padmashri, the Padmabhushan as well as the Ramon Magsaysay Award.
  31. 31. The real Shakthi of Sakthi Masala • The success story of an Young Couple – committed for Quality and Social Responsibility • Grown up from a small Flour mill to a Market Leader • Employing the highest number of Physically challenged people • Rs.3000/- to Rs.600 Crores in Three decades
  32. 32. • Priyanka Agrawal is the co-founder of Wishberry, a creative crowd-funding platform. • An alumnus of Wharton/UPenn • She started her first venture which stemmed from a senior engineering design project. • Disheartened that she couldn’t be a part of the first company, she decided to quit her job and start something of her own. • Wishberry was launched in 2010 - online wedding gift registry platform - as a crowdgifting application in the wedding space in India. • In April 2012, Wishberry extended the platform to film-makers, theatre groups, musicians, etc. to help fund their projects. • Priyanka said that the motivating factor was that entrepreneurship, in emerging economies like India, is a long and arduous journey. • She believes that the Indian market is and has been very open to female entrepreneurs and argues that the challenges women entrepreneurs face in India are more cultural than market-oriented. Priyanka Agarwal
  33. 33. Ashwini Jaisimha • Ashwini Jaisimha, 24, a certified sports psychologist and lifestyle coach, is the CEO and co- founder of A3 performance • A company she set up, to create an eco-system to support athletes reach their peak performance in sport and daily life activities. • Ashwini says that the idea behind setting up A3 was to build an environment of trust with athletes to help them cope with highly competitive situations and work with them to enhance their optimal performance in training and in competition. • She felt the need to set up the company in February, 2013 for athletes and fitness enthusiasts, who are often left to fend for themselves while creating a support team. • A sportswoman (State player in basketball and ten pin bowling), she was aware that she would always be associated with the field, which is what motivated her to set up a one-stop sports performance centre.
  34. 34. • Fouqia Wajid, started a project that turns into a full-time profession. • Fouqia (21), a journalism student is the founder and director of OnFire, an organisation that aims at providing youth a platform in various artistic fields - acting, literature, dance and direction. • She has written and directed plays and published a collection of poems. • She is also the editor-in-chief of an online youth magazine. • She believes that there are opportunities but they do not get a platform to make it big. • To her, the real problem is that the youth have to compete with veterans to establish themselves and in the process, their interest wanes. • She divides her day between college and work. • She is shuttling between rehearsals of plays, editing the online publications and interviewing people. Fouqia Wajid
  35. 35. • • Sahar Khatija • • • • • • • • Sahar Khatija, 21, a sociology major, is the owner of Ezina Redefine Beauty, ensuring that women feel their best on special occasions. For Sahar, it all started when she joined Mount Carmel College (MCC) in Bangalore. The credit course system offered a variety of courses that provided practical learning and she thanks her luck that a beautician course was introduced the very year she joined MCC. She then started working with the college fashion team and has not looked back since. From there came the decision to become a beautician and make people look good. Initial experiments of her skills were on her kin for special occasions which were perfected through the course at MCC. Subsequently, she started getting good offers and did not want to miss out on the opportunity. She began her venture with the savings she had and bought all the essential tools. Over the years, with the help of her sisters — who sent her products — she was able to expand both her business and her collection. She plans to become a full-fledged make-up artist and open a studio to cater to the needs of all her customers, professionally.
  36. 36. Sudha Murthy • • • • • • • • • Sudha Murthy began her professional career as a computer scientist and engineer. She is the chairperson of the Infosys Foundation and a member of public health care initiatives of the Gates Foundation. Sudha completed a B.E. in Electrical Engineering from the B.V.B. College of Engineering & Technology, standing first in her class and receiving a gold medal from the Chief Minister of Karnataka. She completed an M.E. in Computer Science from the Indian Institute of Science, standing first and receiving a gold medal After graduation, Sudha became the first female engineer hired at India's largest auto manufacturer TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company or TELCO. Sudha had written a postcard to the company's Chairman complaining of the "men only" gender bias at TELCO. As a result, she was granted a special interview and hired immediately. A prolific writer in English and Kannada, she has written nine novels, four technical books, three travelogues, one collection of short stories, three collections of non-fiction pieces and two books for children. Her books have been translated into all the major Indian languages and have sold over three lakh copies around the country. She was the recipient of the R.K. Narayan Award for Literature and the Padma Shri in 2006.
  37. 37. Chinna Pillai • Chinnapillai comes from a small village called Pulliseri near Madurai • She is one of the five recipients of the Streeshakti award • Though most of her compatriots would not recognise her, she has, over the last many years, been quietly organising poor and illiterate agricultural labourers of Tamil Nadu. • Chinnapillai, had taken the trouble to wear her best sari and her only pair of rubber Hawaii slippers -- wornout as they were -- in honour of the occasion. • This was why she had, for the first time, travelled so far from home. It was the first time she was to see Atal Bihari Vajpayee face-to-face. • Which could be why she was overwhelmed when she saw him on the dais. She bent down to touch his feet. • What happened next came as a complete shock to her. • The prime minister of India, moved by her simplicity, touched her feet instead.
  38. 38. Action Areas • Implementation of Laws like – Equal remuneration – Minimum Wages – Factories Act • Infrastructure for women like – Water and sanitation at workplace – Creches – Working Women Hostels – Transport services – Security
  39. 39. Economic Empowerment …is it possible? Nelson Mandela ( Social Activist and 1st President of South Africa) “Its always seems impossible until its done” 1/30/2014 40
  40. 40. Knowing is not enough, we must apply; Willing is not enough, we must do.”…. Goethe JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE (1749 – 1832) German Writer (Poetry, Drama, Prose, Philosophy & Sciences) Pictorial artist, Biologist, Theoretical Physicist, Polymath 1/30/2014 41
  41. 41. Become Leaders – Become Entrepreneurs • • • • Don’t be a job seeker – Be a Provider Be pro-active Believe yourself Don’t be just a ..Leader! Be a world class LEADER! (Vaiyath Thalaimai koll – Bharathi)
  42. 42. Thank You Entrepreneurs! • Any Questions? • I will be glad to answer • I expect many more successful entrepreneurs from this audience
  43. 43. KR. Gnanasambandan CEO – AATHMA Madurai-14. Phone:0452-2680999/9443711495 e mail:
  44. 44. Thank you