Opening access to scientific literature: the ongoing
debate and its resonance in psychiatric journals
Ramkumar G Sathiaseelan
Junior Resident, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS)
There is an old environmentalist slogan, “Think globally, act locally.” The success or failure of the open access movement will depend on the local actions of
individual researchers. Scholars will vote with their paper submssions, with their archives, and with their participation in the publication process- Dott M C
I am a publisher- a hybrid creature: one part stargazer, one part gambler,one part businessman, one part midwife and three parts optimist – Cass Canfield
v Scholarly communication has traditionally been through subscriber paid print Journal name( total= 24) Publisher & OA No. of OA Back issues (delayed
journals. initiative articles access)
v With the wide spread use of the internet, the scope for dissemination of Journal of neurology, neurosurgery and BMJ group, 8 All up to 4 year back
information has increased tremendously and there is a greater felt need for psychiatry BMJ and open access
information that is digital and freely accessible to all.
v The open access approach has hence evolved and is increasingly being debated Schizophrenia bulletin Oxford publishing ‘ All up to 1 yr back
Open oxford 45
in recent times .
v Open access (OA) means to "remove both price and permission barriers." as
said by Peter Suber ie access is not restricted by subscription nor copyright or Social psychiatry and psychiatric Springer, 25 nil
licensing . epidemiology Open choice
v 2 ways ahead which are complimentary to each other are recommended:
q Self archiving – where peer reviewed articles (post prints- before proof Culture medicine and psychiatry nil nil
reading) are deposited in open electronic archives. Many traditional journals Psychological medicine Cambridge university
have supported this process called as the green road to open access in which 10 nil
press, Open option
authors are so permitted under existing copyright laws.
q Open access journals takes the golden road in which articles are published in British journal of psychiatry RCPsych 10 All up to 1 year
dedicated journals not charging a price from the reader but looks for other 1994 up to 1 year back
Am journal of psychiatry APPI, Washington
sources like advertisements, author pay models etc for revenue nil
DC principles on OA
Arguments for and against open access
Journal of clinical psychiatry Physician postgraduate nil nil
Wider readership- stimulate research. Majority don’t have internet, research
and libraries suffer due to poor funding. Bipolar disorder, Wiley Blackwell, nil All nil except
HINARI gives subsidized access to low Acta psychiatrica scandinavica, Online open JCPP- 2006 to 1 yr
income countries. Journal of child psychology and back
psychiatry (JCPP), PCN -1996 to 3yr back
Online publishing can be less costly if not free Hidden costs for facilitating peer review, Psychiatry and clinical
as there is no profit motive. copy editing and online hosting neurosciences(PCN)
Taxpayer and funding agencies drives research There are users who use literature Journal of substance abuse treatment nil nil
, the larger public should have access to it. extensively and can pay like the Elsevier
pharmaceutical industry. Lay public may 1995- 2004
not follow technical language. Journal of affective disorders 1994 – 1 yr back
It is protected by copyright in the same way as Authors cannot enforce their copyright if 1994 – 1 yr back
conventional publications. Creative Commons left to themselves, can fall prey to Schizophrenia research nil
Licenses allow the authors themselves to p l a g i a r i s m a n d u n s c r u p u l o u s
General hospital psychiatry 1994 – 1 yr back
specify the exact extent of the rights of use commercial use.
Journal of psychiatric research 1994 – 1 yr back
Journal of child and adolescent Lippincott nil
The 2009 consolidated appropriations bill, The Fair Copyright in Research works psychiatry Williams, Wilkins nil
(US) many funding agencies like the Welcome Act which was also introduced recently
Trust mandates research they sponsor to seeks to nullify the open access mandate. Am journal of geriatric psychiatriy
become public within 6 months to 1 year. Archives of general psychiatry American medical nil 1998 to 1 yr back
The recently reintroduced bill The Federal Association
Research Public Access Act of 2006 extends it Psychiatric services APPI, Washington DC nil
to all agencies principles All upto 1 yr back
Traditional publishers are making huge There are scientific societies ( not for
profits. profit) which conduct a lot of activities
based on income from their journal.
v Many online journals have come up over the last decade which are fully open
v Many of them are able to do so because of external financial support from
v This business model will have to evolve and stand the test of time.
v These developments have brought about a change in the publishing policy of the
publishers of traditional journals who are increasingly exploring ways to provide
open access in their journals.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
v The hybrid model is being tried by many publishers wherein the author pays for v IJP was excluded from the analysis as it is an exclusively open access journal.
his article and it becomes freely accessible immediately on publication along v Of the 24 journals 5 had published open access articles though 11 were evolving into the
with the other articles which are accessed as usual via subscription hybrid model of publishing.
( Prosser ,2003). v Majority of journals allowed free access to back issues older than one year.
v The concept of open access is being increasingly accepted by forward looking v The open access approach to scientific literature is gaining greater momentum and its
publishers also to the extent that back issues from their archives are being made resonance in psychiatric journals is being felt
openly accessible after 6 months to one year of publication (delayed access).
v This study focuses on these two initiatives taken by traditional journals.
1) Barbour V, Patterson M. Open access: the view of the Public Library of Science. J Thromb
AIM AND METHODOLOGY Haemost 2006; 4: 1450–3
v To inform about the ongoing debate about open access to sCIENTIFIC LITERATURE 2) David Prosser .From here to there: a proposed mechanism for transforming journals to open
V TO EXPLORE THE OPEN ACCESS INITIATIVES BEING UNDERTAKEN BY TRADITIONAL
access. Learned Publishing.2003; 16:163-6
3) Drott, M.C. Open Access. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (ARIST) v40
V INFORMATION IS GATHERED THROUGH LITERATURE REVIEW AND AN EXPLORATORY 4) Robinson A. Open access: the view of a commercial publisher. J Thromb Haemost 2006; 4:
STUDY INTO THE PUBLICATION PRACTICES OF LEADING PSYCHIATRIC JOURNALS BY 1454–60
VISITING THE WEB SITES OF ALL JOURNALS THAT HAVE BEEN SHORT LISTED FOR
email@example.com downloaded at http://ramposters.blogspot.com
JOURNAL CLUB IN NIMHANS AS PART OF POST GRADUATE TRAINING