Presentation andredamato greejobs_1

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Presentation andredamato greejobs_1

  1. 1. The Green Industry’s Potential to Drive Local Innovation in the Manufacturing SectorGreen Jobs from a small state perspective 29th October 2011 Andre Damato B.Sc. IT Hons, M. Creativity and Innovation
  2. 2. The Growth of the Green Industry Environmental (CO2, SO2, NoX Pollution) Political Green (EU Policy, Economical (Oil Prices, Taxation) Industry International Commitments, Growth Legislation, Green Public Procurement) Social (Green Consumers, Green Growth Culture, Health Effects of fossil fuels)
  3. 3. Research Areas of study1) What constitutes a smart focus policy in green industry in the context of a small country like Malta?2) What are the particular difficulties and rewards of such an approach?
  4. 4. Research course Identification of entities of interestResearch Interviews with members from 5 Pillars of Interest: Government, Political Parties, Academia, NGOs and Industry S.W.O.T Analysis on Local Green Industry Context built upon the Research Interviews Validation of the S.W.O.T Analysis with key policy makers Conclusions: Green Specialisation Policy Framework for small countries like Malta Green Specilisation Policy - Suggestions for Malta
  5. 5. The five research pillars of interest Public • Friends of the Earth • Greenhouse • Zminijietna - Lehen ix-Xellug • MEREA Industry Political Parties •Local Companies manufacturing green products •Foreign Companies manufacturing green • Partit Nazzjonalista products in Malta • Partit Laburista •Local Retail Companies selling green products • Alternattiva Demokratika in Malta •Malta Enterprise •Trade Unions •Malta Enterprise Academia • Edward de Bono Institute for the Design and Government Development of Thinking • Faculty of ICT • Faculty of Science •Malta Council for Science and • Faculty of Engineering Technology • Facutly of Arts •Ministry of Finance • Institute for Sustainable Development •MEPA • Faculty of Economics, Managemnt and Accounting • Institute for Economic Research on Innovation (IERI) Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
  6. 6. A small state verity: Overlap of rolesbetween members from different pillars
  7. 7. S.W.O.T Analysis: Strengths• Malta enjoys a stable political and regulatory environment• Maltese government has already introduced the idea of green procurement in various government departments• Increase in public and industry awareness on environmental issues• Industry standards in Malta are considered very high and are in par with European levels• Competitive labour market rates provide Malta with a competitive advantage• Malta has a strong multi-lingual workforce• Possible areas of spillovers from high innovation sectors in Malta such as within the ICT, aviation and advanced micro-technology industries• Malta has an excellent location and facilities for conferencing and research
  8. 8. S.W.O.T Analysis: Weaknesses• Malta seems not to be meeting EU targets on use of renewable energy• Lack of relevant statistics and related resources relating to the local green industry• Lack of coordination between government departments• Lack of consultation with the Industry from the government’s side• Various good initiatives for the uptake of renewable technologies, however no long term national plan, making future uncertain• ETC training application process is very cumbersome and complex• Government funding mechanisms are not fully green oriented• Maltese firms have difficulties in achieving economies of scale due to the limited domestic market• Raw materials: a double edged sword – high importation and high export costs for finished product• High costs for ISO and eco-labeling certification making it difficult for local firms to get these quality marks• Do to Malta’s limited space very difficult to allocate land for solar farms• Limited collaboration between the University of Malta and the local industry
  9. 9. S.W.O.T Analysis: Opportunities• Local industry is lately giving more importance to research also getting various academics on board• Edward de Bono Institute for the Design and Development of thinking can aid the industry by giving training in thinking skills and the fostering of creativity and innovation in organisations• Maltese firms can create solar solutions for local scenarios such as balconies and apartments• Identification of areas that need a high quality input such as manufacture of glass bulbs used in UV water filters, for water recycling
  10. 10. S.W.O.T Analysis: Threats• Possible abuse of renewable energy schemes and tariffs• Limited number of Maltese experts in the area of renewable energy and environmental policy• Whilst the environment is being given priority in government policy and the media; it could be the case that another theme is given more priority in the near future, such as state security• Since prices of renewable energy systems is getting cheaper it might not make commercial sense to manufacture in Malta in a few years• Limited physical space for renewable technology installations in Malta. Such as demolishment of terraced houses to make space for apartments blocks and the presence of penthouses
  11. 11. Eco-innovation facets feasible for the local Green Industry: Wind Energy Manufacture and Assembly -Assembling of transmission systems tailored for particular systems and design - Turbine shafts good local presence of skilled workers in the sheet metal industry - Generators (already produced in Malta however not for wind turbines) - Various niche markets of wind turbine electronics such as switches - Manufacture of Fibre glass blades for the wind turbines
  12. 12. Eco-innovation facets feasible for the local Green Industry: Solar Water Heaters Manufacture and Assembly - Solar water heater tanks of stainless steel - Medium to high value added - Cutting and joining of frames and stands of aluminum alloy - Assembly of solar water heaters (whilst this has limited value added, EU experience has shown that assembly of green technologies could possibly lead to full manufacturing) Photo www.timesofmalta.com
  13. 13. Eco-innovation facets feasible for the localGreen Industry: Photovoltaic (PV) systems Niche areas supporting the manufacture of photo voltaic systems Currently being produced in Malta, semi conductor tubes that are used for lamps in the sterilisation process when manufacturing silicon PV chips Manufacture and Assembly - PV systems assembled according to use and needs - Manufacture of PV systems. This area is of high value added, however similar to the semi-conductor chip industry all the raw materials have to be imported. When compared to the semi conductor chip industry, PV cells are of less value added nature since they are much less complex and thus require less expertise, quality, capital and skill - DC to AC invertors for PV systems (already present) - System performance Meters (local companies already produce similar meters for other industries
  14. 14. Green Framework Plan: Focus areas for small EU countries like Malta (1)• Formulation of a green Technology policy Countries selecting the green industry as a focus area should formulate a green technology policy. The aim for this policy is to effectively direct investment, research and innovation towards this area• Reduction of high compliance cost regulation Industry compliance regulation is at times entailing high and rising costs, increasing the difficulties for small-medium manufactures. This must be seen in the context that manufactures within small countries have limited economies of scale• Government green procurement Governments of small countries can continue aiding and supporting the green industry by increasing green procurement amongst their various departments and authorities
  15. 15. Green Framework Plan: Focus areas for small EU countries like Malta (2)• Green cluster Industrial Park (Green Park) Governments of small countries could select a physical area for the re-development of an industrial park dedicated to the research, development and innovation of green related technologies and energy efficiency[The OEC cluster in Austria is one of success stories in the green industry employing over 500 employees and producing more than 300,000 m² of solar collectors in the year 2008]• Fellowships for technology and policy research related to green manufacturing Government should classify research on green technologies and the environment as priority areas when it comes to student scholarships and support (both at Masters and PhD level)
  16. 16. Green Framework Plan: Focus areas for small EU countries like Malta (3)• Careers Fair on Green Manufacturing Governments in collaboration with the industry could organise a yearly green manufacturing careers’ fair. The aim of this fair will be to display possible vacancies and careers within the green manufacturing technology fields and other related areas• Private Funding Access to appropriate sources of finance including that provided by Banks, Business Angels and Venture Capital. Funding of this type is fundamental in ensuring the setting up of research, development and innovation activities across industry.
  17. 17. Green Framework Plan: Focus areas for small EU countries like Malta (4)• Green Technology R&D ClusterGovernments should be responsible for aiding the grouping and development of a local green technology R&D cluster. This consortium will be comprised out of government, academic, NGOs and industry stakeholders. The main aim of this unit will be research, development, innovation and commercialisation of green technologies. Industry Stakeholders The cluster will also be able to make alliances with industry stakeholders Academia NGOs and Trade Unions Green Trade Government Tech R&D Unions Cluster
  18. 18. E-Green Platform Vocational •Green Carrers •Green skills Courses Contact PointIndustry GeneralInformation E-Green •Government Entities •NGOs•Technical Installation Guides•New Techologies Platform •Industry Stakeholders Platfrom Information •Webinars •Newsletters
  19. 19. Thank youAndre DamatoB.Sc. IT Hons, Master in Creativity and Innovationandre.damato@gmail.comActive within the local think thank Żminijietna – Voice of the Left which emphasises on the principles of equality, social justice and ecological sustainabilitywww.zminijietna.org

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