110622 presentatie ukraineshort

561 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
561
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

110622 presentatie ukraineshort

  1. 1. June 23, 2011<br />Targets and criteria for biofuels and bioenergy<br />Visit of Ukrainiandelegation<br />By Ralph Brieskorn <br /> & Margo Verhagen<br />Project directorate Biofuels <br />The Netherlands<br />
  2. 2. Summary<br /><ul><li>Why Biofuels and Bio energy?
  3. 3. Targets and Concerns
  4. 4. Sustainability Requirements and certification in the EU
  5. 5. Sustainability of biofuels in the Netherlands
  6. 6. Policy developments in the Netherlands
  7. 7. Further perspectives</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  8. 8. Why bio energy and bio fuels in the Netherlands?<br /><ul><li>Commitment to the Kyoto Protocol, further GHG reductions in the future: Bioenergylargepotential and technological/financialinterestingopportunities
  9. 9. Biofuels:
  10. 10. Transport accounts for 21% of the EU’s GHG emissions
  11. 11. GHG-emissions in transport sector, byfar the largestincreasesince 1990</li></ul>The Netherlandstoday… The Netherlands in…<br />June 23, 2011<br />
  12. 12. Somefactsonbioenergy in the Netherlands<br />June 23, 2011<br />Year 2009/2010<br /><ul><li>68 PJ Renewable Energy
  13. 13. 3,9% RE of totalenergy
  14. 14. 75% RE is biomass
  15. 15. Year 2010:4 % biofuels in</li></ul> transport<br /><ul><li>Evaluation in 2014 fornext steps towards 10% goal in 2020</li></li></ul><li>EU 2020 Targets<br />Renewable Energy Directive<br /><ul><li>Minimum of 10% renewable energy in transport in 2020
  16. 16. Electric, biofuels, biogas
  17. 17. At least applicable to road transport, </li></ul> opt in for shipping/air<br /><ul><li>Double counting 2nd generation biofuels (waste/residues/cellulosic)</li></ul>Fuel Quality Directive<br /><ul><li>Life Cycle Analysis, CO2-reduction of 6% compared to 2010
  18. 18. Looks at the whole chain of production and use of fuels
  19. 19. No double counting 2nd generation biofuels</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  20. 20. More trade<br />June 23, 2011<br />And, the Netherlands is notjustan important consumer of biofuels and biomass, but is in Europe also the most important transitcountry for these matters <br />
  21. 21. Butalsoconcerns about biofuels<br /><ul><li>Competition with food (price spikes 2007/2008)
  22. 22. Land use change (direct and indirect)
  23. 23. Loss of biodiversity
  24. 24. Loss of GHG sinks
  25. 25. Other sustainability effects:
  26. 26. Locally: soil, water, air
  27. 27. Social (poverty, land rights)</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  28. 28. Targets vs Concerns <br />European targets & national needs <br />vs<br /> Concerns regarding sustainability<br /><ul><li>Sustainability Policyon biofuels and bioenergy</li></ul> - Criteria <br /> - Monitoring<br /> - Reporting<br /> - Certification<br />June 23, 2011<br />
  29. 29. What does sustainablebiofuel/biomassmean?<br />“People, planet, profit” <br /><ul><li>Sociallybeneficial?
  30. 30. Environmentallyfriendly?
  31. 31. Economicallyfeasible?</li></ul>Currentbiofuelproduction is notnecessarilysustainable;<br />>> Sustainability paradox<br />About: product, the productionchain (including transport) and use<br />And about direct and indirect effects<br />June 23, 2011<br />
  32. 32. EU Sustainability Requirements<br />For biofuels and other bio liquids for energy purposes:<br /><ul><li>GHG-emissions: > 35% better than fossil equivalent, </li></ul> 2017 50% existing and 60% new installations<br /><ul><li>Biodiversity: no go areas
  33. 33. Carbon sinks: preservation of status of areas
  34. 34. EU: cross compliance requirements (agriculture and nature protection)
  35. 35. Reporting requirements: food security and food prices, ILO, land security</li></ul>For waste, residues and solid biomass:<br /><ul><li>Waste and residues (not from agriculture, aquaculture, fishery, forest): only GHG-emission requirement
  36. 36. Solid biomass for energy: possibility of national sustainability requirements</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  37. 37. Voluntary certification schemes<br />Schemes being developed by consortia / roundtables<br />Bonsucro(formerly BSI, sugarcane) <br />ISCC<br />NTA 8080/8081 – www.sustainable-biomass.org <br />REDcert – www.redcert.org<br />RSB – www.rsb.epfl.ch<br />RSPO (palm oil) <br />RTRS (soy) – www.responsiblesoy.org<br />Schemes being developed by companies<br />Abengoa(RED Bioenergy Sustainability Assurance)<br />Greenergy<br />French stakeholders – 2BSvs<br />Nesté Oil<br />Red Tractor <br />SEKAB/UNICA – sustainable ethanol initiative<br />June 23, 2011<br />
  38. 38. Source of biofuels in the Netherlands 2010<br />June 23, 2011<br /><ul><li>Ethanol: 39% corn, wheat 19%, sugarcane 10%
  39. 39. FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester/biodiesel): 53 % UsedCookingOils
  40. 40. MTBE: almost 100% glycerine</li></li></ul><li>Sustainabilityreportingbiofuels 2010<br /><ul><li>64% biofuelssustainabilitydemonstrated: mainlyrapeseed, palmoil, sugarcane, wheat, corn, sugar beet
  41. 41. RTRS, RSPO and somenationalstandards (Belgium, UK, US)
  42. 42. UCO, animal fat, glycerine used double countingverification</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  43. 43. A Glance at a renewable Transport Mix in 2020<br /><ul><li>Electric cars: 200.000 vehicles, 0,5% share in 10% target
  44. 44. Cars on biogas/green gas: 200.000 vehicles, > 0,5% </li></ul> share in 10% target<br /><ul><li>Second generation biofuels: 2,5%, double counting for </li></ul> a 5% share in the 10% target<br /><ul><li>Waste and residues, lignocellulosic material
  45. 45. Liquid and gas
  46. 46. First generation biofuels in 2020: 4% of 10% target
  47. 47. Bioreplacement for petrol and diesel
  48. 48. Independent auditing required
  49. 49. Sustainability ensured</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  50. 50. Policy Developments in the Netherlands<br /><ul><li>April 2010: Duty charge minus 27% on high blends sustainable ethanol (E85) Sustainability standard: NTA 8080/8081, BSI, RTFO
  51. 51. Implementation of European legislation REDD and FQD
  52. 52. January – March 2011: Legislation has been approved by Parliament and Senate. Into force April 2011 and associated decisions and regulations published in May 2011
  53. 53. Make it work in practice: operational structure for the administration of sustainable biofuels (Dutch Emission Authority/NEA)</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  54. 54. PolicyDevelopments in the Netherlands<br /><ul><li>October 2010: Consultation of the EU Commission on indirect land use change (iLUC). The Netherlands in favour of iLUC-factor and low risk iLUC biofuels
  55. 55. Global sustainability of biofuels/energy/biobased: dialogue with producing countries, subsidy programmes (20 Mln Euro), Global Bio Energy Partnership and roundtables
  56. 56. EU consultation on sustainability criteria for solid biomass for energy purposes. Netherlands in favour</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  57. 57. Further Policy Perspectives<br /><ul><li>Parliament voted for:
  58. 58. Possibility for higher percentage of renewable energy in transport coming years and broadening obligation to shipping and air transport
  59. 59. Reassurance of no impacts of biomass use on primary forests
  60. 60. Stimulate more sustainable energy in transport (2nd generation biofuels, biogas, electricity), at least half of 10% in 2020
  61. 61. Adequate enforcement of current legislation</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  62. 62. Further Policy Perspectives <br />3 important perspectives on future policy:<br /><ul><li>Biobased Economy provides opportunities for the Dutch economic development, innovation, GHG-emission reduction and energy security
  63. 63. Sustainability framework is necessary for a biobased economy in order to protect natural resources, improve social situation and food security
  64. 64. Sustainability frameworks should be completed with ilUC, more efficient agriculture, efficient use of biomass and nature protection</li></ul>June 23, 2011<br />
  65. 65. June 23, 2011<br />Questions?<br />Ralph.brieskorn@minvrom.nl<br />Margo.verhagen@minvrom.nl<br />

×