APA Basics Workshop: Research Writing
Integrating Sources Without
Plagiarizing
Why include outside sources?
-They support your argument.
-They provide backgroun...
Integrating Sources: In-text Citations
When integrating research, you must cite your sources in
the text of your paper and...
Incorporating Research: Paraphrasing
and Summarizing
Summarizing
--for longer sources
--to restate the meaning the author ...
When paraphrasing and summarizing…
• Don’t look at the source!
• Include signal phrases when needed.
• Cite in-text.
• Cit...
Paraphrasing Examples
“The attitudes that any person, especially an author,
takes toward the world may change with the pas...
When you paraphrase…
 Do not simply change a few words here and there.
 Change the structure and wording.
 Use roughly ...
Paraphrasing Continued…
“The attitudes that any person, especially an author,
takes toward the world may change with the p...
Summarizing
Read the entire source.
Focus on paragraphs or passages you’d like to
summarize if you’re not summarizing th...
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Why Use APA & Paraphasing - PBSC English Writing Lab

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Why Use APA & Paraphasing - PBSC English Writing Lab

  1. 1. APA Basics Workshop: Research Writing
  2. 2. Integrating Sources Without Plagiarizing Why include outside sources? -They support your argument. -They provide background information. -They explain terms and concepts. -They lend authority and credibility to your argument. from Diana Hacker’s Bedford Handbook
  3. 3. Integrating Sources: In-text Citations When integrating research, you must cite your sources in the text of your paper and on your reference page. In-text citations Why do we use them? 1. To give credit to the author. 2. Readers can access the original source if they’re interested. 3. Readers can see where your ideas leave off and another source’s ideas begin.
  4. 4. Incorporating Research: Paraphrasing and Summarizing Summarizing --for longer sources --to restate the meaning the author is trying to convey --must give credit to the source Paraphrasing --short sections of sources --about the same number of words --your own words and own structure—not mixed with author’s words Directly Quoting --use sparingly --word for word --quotation marks or block quotes From Diana Hacker’s Bedford Handbook
  5. 5. When paraphrasing and summarizing… • Don’t look at the source! • Include signal phrases when needed. • Cite in-text. • Cite on Reference Page.
  6. 6. Paraphrasing Examples “The attitudes that any person, especially an author, takes toward the world may change with the passing from adolescence to adulthood to old age. So also may the author’s means of expressing attitudes and judgments” (Arp & Johnson, 2010, p. 9). Is the following example correctly paraphrased? The outlooks that any person, especially authors, have change with passing from youths to adults to elderly. The author’s means of expressing attitudes and judgments change, too (Arp & Johnson, 2010).
  7. 7. When you paraphrase…  Do not simply change a few words here and there.  Change the structure and wording.  Use roughly the same number of words to express the same meaning as the source, but they must be your own words.  Do not borrow the language from the source unless it’s really necessary. If you do, put quotation marks around the borrowed words.
  8. 8. Paraphrasing Continued… “The attitudes that any person, especially an author, takes toward the world may change with the passing from adolescence to adulthood to old age. So also may the author’s means of expressing attitudes and judgments” (Arp & Johnson, 2010, p.9). Correct Paraphrase: As authors age and enter each stage of life, their perspectives on the world change. Not only do their perspectives change, but also the way in which they express and absorb these outlooks change (Arp & Johnson, 2010, p.9).
  9. 9. Summarizing Read the entire source. Focus on paragraphs or passages you’d like to summarize if you’re not summarizing the entire source. Re-read the passages you want to summarize. Put the source away. In a few sentences, write a summary of the main ideas.

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