Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
©  2016 International   Business   Machines   Corporation
IBM  Watson  Question-­Answering  
System  and  Cognitive Comput...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation2
Word spread virally of the victory with Twitter reaching
11.7...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation3
Information  Sources Latin is  an  Italic  
language  origina...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation4
Medical  information  is  
doubling  every  5  
years*,  much...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation5 5
Business problem:
Need better individualized cancer treatme...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation6
Business  problem:  
Give  medical  students  and  doctors  e...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation7
Focus: Enhancement  of  Student  Support  and  
Quality  of  ...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation8
DBS  Bank  Engages  IBM’s  Watson  to  Achieve  Next  Generat...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation9
IBM  Expands  Watson  Ecosystem  with  New  
Partnerships,  C...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation10
Elemental  Path: CogniToys
https://www.ibm.com/press/us/en/p...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation11
Synapses
Neurons
Scheduler
(a)
256  neurons,  64K  
synapses...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation12
Seven  of  the  Nation’s  Leading  Technology  Institutions ...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation13
Industry  Leaders  Establish  Partnership  on  AI  Best  Pra...
©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation14
www.ibmwatson.com.  
www.facebook.com/ibmwatson.
www.twitter...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

IBM Watson Question-Answering System and Cognitive Computing

1,531 views

Published on

IBM's vision of cognitive computing has been steadily embraced across the industries since IBM's Watson question-answering system made a sensational debut at the US Jeopardy! television quiz show in 2011. As a core member of the Watson project, I would like to share the excitement of the project and the last five and a half year of its progress into the cognitive business. In this talk, I will also give a technical overview of Watson, major use cases, and perspectives on the future of cognitive computing.

https://tech.rakuten.co.jp/

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

IBM Watson Question-Answering System and Cognitive Computing

  1. 1. ©  2016 International   Business   Machines   Corporation IBM  Watson  Question-­Answering   System  and  Cognitive Computing Koichi  Takeda,  IBM  Distinguished  Engineer IBM  Research  -­ Tokyo Oct  21,  2016 Rakuten  Technology  Conference  2016  
  2. 2. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation2 Word spread virally of the victory with Twitter reaching 11.7M, 30,121 blog mentions, and 15,025 forum posts On  February  14,  2011,  IBM  Watson  made  a  history  .  .  . Watson  topped  the  3-­day,  two  Jeopardy!   games  with  a  total  score  of  $77,147 (with 88% accuracy),  Ken  Jennings  scored   $24,000  and  Brad  Rutter  scored  $21,600.
  3. 3. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation3 Information  Sources Latin is  an  Italic   language  originally   spoken  in  Latium  and   Ancient  Rome Watson  Question-­Answering  Process WHILE  MALTESE   BORROWS  MANY   WORDS  FROM   ITALIAN,   IT  DEVELOPED   FROM  A  DIALECT   OF  THIS  SEMITIC   LANGUAGE DIALING  FOR DIALECTS   Question Analysis Maltese-­borrow-­words Maltese-­borrow-­from-­Italian It-­developed-­from-­semiitic  lang. THIS-­semitic-­language ??? Answer   Candidate   Generation Latin? Arabic? Spanish? French? Evidence   Scoring Maltese is   descended  from   Siculo-­Arabic. Confidence   Merging  &   Ranking Arabic Question Answer Runs  the  whole  processing  in  a  few  seconds All  the  keywords + 90  x  IBM  Power  7501  servers   2880  POWER7  cores POWER7  3.55  GHz  chip 500  GB  per  sec  on-­chip  bandwidth 10  Gb  Ethernet  network 15  Terabytes  of  memory 20  Terabytes  of  disk,  clustered Can  operate  at  80  Teraflops
  4. 4. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation4 Medical  information  is   doubling  every  5   years*,  much  of  which   is  unstructured   81%  of  physicians   report  spending  5   hours  or  less  per   month reading   medical  journals   Healthcare  Industry  is  beset  with  some  of  the  most  complex   information  challenges  we  collectively  face Source:  International  Journal  of  Circumpolar  Health,  DoctorDirectory.com,  Institute  for  Medicine" “Medicine  has  become  too  complex  (and  only)  about  20%  of  the   knowledge  clinicians  use  today  is  evidence-­based” -­ Steven  Shapiro  Chief  Medical  and  Scientific  Officer,  UPMC *”73  days”  by  2020
  5. 5. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation5 5 Business problem: Need better individualized cancer treatment plans Solution: • Suggestions to help inform oncologists’ decisions based on 600K+ pieces of evidence and 2M pages of text from 42 publications • Analyzes patient data against thousands of historical cases and trained through 5000+ Memorial Sloan- Kettering MD and analyst hours • Evolves with the fast-changing field Attacking the cause of one in four deaths Watson Oncology: helping oncologists treat cancer patients IBM Watson Oncology Built  with  Memorial  Sloan  Kettering ©  2014  International  Business  Machines  Corporation
  6. 6. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation6 Business  problem:   Give  medical  students  and  doctors  easier  insight  into  data  to   inform  their  diagnoses  and  decisions Solution:   • Intuitive,  new  user  interface  to  Watson’s  power  revealing   chains  of  evidence  to  support  clinical  reasoning • Analysis  of  whole  EMRs  to  extract  and  visually  present   summarized  knowledge  with  semantic  understanding  of   context WatsonPaths and  Watson   EMR  Assistant  Research   Projects Cognitive  systems   in  a  classroom-­ based  setting Watson facilitating med school problem-based learning methods
  7. 7. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation7 Focus: Enhancement  of  Student  Support  and   Quality  of  Student  Experience Solution:  Watson  Engagement  Advisor  used  for   development  of  “Ask  Alfred”  (after  university   namesake,  2nd Australian  Prime  Minister,  Alfred   Deakin)  as  a  comprehensive  student  advisor What  additional   units  do  I  need  to   complete  my  major? What  student  housing   is  available  nearby   the  University? Iʼ’ve  decided  I  want  to  work  in   financial  risk  management.   What  modules  best  equip  me   for  a  job? Information   Advisor Career   Advisor Uses:  Initial  Inquiry,   Enrollment,  Registration,   Course  Selection,   Progression,  Award,   Graduation,  Student  Finance,   Learning  Support,  Campus   Information,  Housing,  Alumni   Information Course   Advisor Watson  Engagement  -­ Deakin University  Student  Advisor
  8. 8. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation8 DBS  Bank  Engages  IBM’s  Watson  to  Achieve  Next  Generation   Client  Experience Collaboration  to  leverage  Big  Data  and  cognitive   computing  solutions  to  transform  customer   experience  and  shape  future  of  banking   SINGAPORE  -­ 09  Jan  2014:  DBS  Bank  and  IBM  today  announced   an  agreement  in  which  DBS  will  deploy  IBM’s  Watson  cognitive   computing  innovation  to  deliver  a  next-­ generation  client   experience.  This  collaboration  is  part  of  an  ongoing  journey  by   DBS  to  shape  the  future  of  banking. For  a  start,  DBS  intends  to  apply  Watson  to  its  wealth   management  business  to  improve  the  advice  and  experience   delivered  to  affluent  customers.    Watson  is  a  cloud-­based   technology  that  can  process  enormous  amounts  of  information   with  the  ability  to  understand  and  learn  from  each  interaction  at   unprecedented  speed,  representing  a  significant  shift  in  the   ability  for  organizations  to  quickly   analyze,  understand  and   respond  to  vast  amounts  of  Big  Data.   DBS’  implementation  of  IBM’s  cloud-­based  Watson  Engagement   Advisor  solution  – targeted  for  rollout  in  the  second  half  of  the   year  – comes  as  the  bank  continues  to  execute  on  strategy  to  be   a  leading  regional  wealth  player.  DBS  will  look  to  progressively   deploy  these  capabilities  to  its  other  businesses  over  time.   2014/01/09 http://www-­03.ibm.c om/press/us/en/pressrelease/42868.wss
  9. 9. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation9 IBM  Expands  Watson  Ecosystem  with  New   Partnerships,  Cognitive  Computing  Apps  and  Services NEW  YORK  CITY  -­ 05  May  2015:  IBM  (NYSE:  IBM)   today  announced  new  commercial  partnerships  and   cognitive  computing  apps  and  services  to  advance  the   adoption  of  Watson  technologies  worldwide.  As  part  of   today’s  news,  the  company  is  also  announcing  new   partner-­led  client  engagements  to  apply  the  power  of   Watson  to  transform  industries  and  professions.   The  news  was  announced  at  World  of  Watson  in  New   York  City,  an  IBM  symposium  to  address  the  role  of   cognitive  computing  in  a  new  era  of  computing  with   business  and  industry  leaders.  Today’s  announcements   highlight  a  number  of  new  partnerships,  in-­market   apps,  partner-­led  client  engagements,  and  cognitive   computing  apps  and  services,  including: • Watson  powered  apps  and  technologies  from   Talkspace,  Go  Moment,  Decibel  and  Epic • Client  engagements  with  Line  Hotel,  Centura Health,   and  Aberdeen  Veterinary  Clinic • Content  partnerships  with  Associated  Press  and   others  to  expand  Watson’s  knowledge  base • AlchemyData service  to  aggregate,  analyze  and   organize  historical  news  and  editorial  data http://www.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/46753.wss 2015年5月4日
  10. 10. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation10 Elemental  Path: CogniToys https://www.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/44057.wss ORLANDO,  Fla.  -­ 03  Jun  2014:  IBM   (NYSE:  IBM)  today  announced  the  three   winners  of  the  2014  Watson  Mobile   Developer  Challenge.  This  first-­of-­its-­ kind  global  competition  encouraged   developers  and  entrepreneurs  to  create   consumer  and  business  apps  made  with   IBM's  Watson  cognitive  computing   capabilities.   Majestyk Apps  – (New  York  City)  F.A.N.G.  (Friendly   Anthropomorphic  Networked  Genome)  provides  an  adaptive   educational  relationship  with  a  child  and  their  parents.  The  first   iteration  is  a  cognitive,  cuddly  plush  companion,  using  Watson  to   provide  a  customized  educational  experience  assisting  each  child  to   develop  through  a  series  of  contextual  interactions.
  11. 11. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation11 Synapses Neurons Scheduler (a) 256  neurons,  64K   synapses,  1MHz Learning  on  board (b) 256  neurons,   256K  synapses,   asynchronous,   45  pJ/spike Neuromorphic Computing IBM  SyNAPSE San  Jose,  CA.  -­ 07  Aug  2014:   Scientists  from  IBM  (NYSE:  IBM)   today  unveiled  the  first  neurosynaptic computer  chip  to  achieve  an   unprecedented  scale  of  one  million   programmable  neurons,  256  million   programmable  synapses  and  46   billion  synaptic  operations  per  second   per  watt.  At  5.4  billion  transistors,  this   fully  functional  and  production-­scale   chip  is  currently  one  of  the  largest   CMOS  chips  ever  built,  yet,  while   running  at  biological  real  time,  it   consumes  a  minuscule  70mW— orders  of  magnitude  less  power  than  a   modern  microprocessor.  A   neurosynaptic supercomputer  the  size   of  a  postage  stamp  that  runs  on  the   energy  equivalent  of  a  hearing-­aid   battery,  this  technology  could   transform  science,  technology,   business,  government,  and  society  by   enabling  vision,  audition,  and  multi-­ sensory  applications.
  12. 12. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation12 Seven  of  the  Nation’s  Leading  Technology  Institutions  Unveil   Cognitive  Computing  Courses  Leveraging  IBM  Watson ARMONK,  N.Y.  -­ 07  May  2014:  IBM  (NYSE:  IBM)  is   partnering  with  the  country’s  leading  technology  universities   to  launch  cognitive  computing  courses  that  give  students   unprecedented  access  via  the  cloud  to  one  of  the  Company’s   most  prized  innovations:  Watson. For  the  first  time,  enrollment  is  now  open  for  fall  2014   cognitive  computing  courses  at  Carnegie  Mellon  University,   New  York  University  (NYU),  The  Ohio  State  University,   Rensselaer  Polytechnic  Institute  (RPI),  University  of   California,  Berkeley,  University  of  Michigan  and  the   University  of  Texas  in  Austin. Co-­designed  by  the  Watson  Group  and  leading  academic   experts  in  fields  such  as  Artificial  Intelligence  and  Computer   Science,  the  courses  will  empower  students  with  the   technical  knowledge  and  hands-­on  learning  required  to   develop  new  cognitive  computing  applications  fueled  by   Watson’s  intelligence. Enrolled  students  will  form  a  business  team  and  together   they  will  have  access  to  their  Watson  instance  via  the   Watson  Developer  Cloud.  As  a  classroom,  they  will  select  an   industry  to  focus  on,  such  as  retail,  travel  or  healthcare,  and   then  will  work  as  a  team  to  ingest  relevant  data  into  Watson   and  train  it.  Ultimately,  the  students  will  break  into  teams   and  develop  prototype  apps  and  a  business  plan  based  on   their  Watson  industry  of  choice. In  Fall,  2014,  New  Courses  Will  Inspire   University  Students  to  Build  Apps   Infused  with  Watson's  Intelligence  While   Gaining  the  Entrepreneurial  Vision  to   Deliver  Their  Innovations  Into  the   Marketplace www.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/43860.wss
  13. 13. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation13 Industry  Leaders  Establish  Partnership  on  AI  Best  Practices 13 NEW  YORK  -­ 28  Sep  2016:  Amazon,   DeepMind/Google,  Facebook,  IBM  (NYSE:   IBM)  and  Microsoft  today  announced  that   they  will  create  a  non-­profit  organization   that  will  work  to  advance  public   understanding of  artificial  intelligence   technologies  (AI)  and  formulate  best   practices on  the  challenges  and   opportunities  within  the  field.  Academics,   non-­profits,  and  specialists  in  policy  and   ethics  will  be  invited  to  join  the  Board  of   the  organization,  named  the  Partnership   on  Artificial  Intelligence  to  Benefit  People   and  Society  (Partnership  on  AI). 09/28/2016http://www.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/50668.wss The  objective  of  the  Partnership  on  AI  is  to  address  opportunities  and  challenges  with  AI   technologies  to  benefit  people  and  society.  Together,  the  organization’s  members  will  conduct   research,  recommend  best  practices,  and  publish  research  under  an  open  license  in  areas   such  as  ethics,  fairness  and  inclusivity;;  transparency,  privacy,  and  interoperability;;  collaboration   between  people  and  AI  systems;;  and  the  trustworthiness,  reliability  and  robustness  of  the   technology.  It  does  not  intend  to  lobby  government  or  other  policymaking  bodies.
  14. 14. ©  2016   International   Business   Machines   Corporation14 www.ibmwatson.com.   www.facebook.com/ibmwatson. www.twitter.com/ibmwatson (Tweet  #ibmwatson  ) www.youtube.com/ibm Learn  more  at:

×