Caspian Sea Characteristics Coordinates: 40 0′N 51 0′E Lake type: Endorheic, Saline, Permanent, Natural Primary sources: Volga river Primary outflows: Evaporation Catchment area: 3,626,000 km² (1,400,000 sq mi) Surface area: 371,000 km² (143,200 sq mi) Average depth: 184 m (604 ft) Max depth: 1,025 m (3,363 ft) Water volume: 78,200 km³ (18,750 cu mi) Residence time(of lake water): 250 years Surface elevation: -28 m (-92 ft)
Three Major Issues Regulated By The Caspian Sea Status Access to mineral resources (oil and natural gas) Access for fishing Access to international waters (through russias volga river and the canals connecting it to the Black Sea and Baltic Sea).
Geographies – The Dead Sea!Land of Goshen Gulf of Aqaba
DEAD SEA GEOGRAPHICAL FACTS The lowest point on earth, 400 m below sea level. Formed 3 million years ago when a fracture occurred amidst the Jordan rift valley. No form of life has been able to exist in its salty waters. 32% salinity, the highest salt content of all seas waters. The Dead Sea contain 43 billion metric tons of salt. Humidity: 50%. Pressure: 795mm. Oxygen level: 10 times higher than that of any earth atmosphere. Atmosphere: very dense. UV rays: Filtered
Magnesium Known for its anti-allergic influence on the skin and promotes healing. Bromide Known for its soothing, relaxing and tranquilizing affect on the nervous system. Iodine Important for the correct functioning of the thyroid gland and an important factor in the bodys metabolic exchanges. Sulfur A natural disinfectant. Potassium A moisture regulator.
GULF WAR Reason: Iraqs occupation and annexation of Kuwait in August 1990. & the Iraqi refusal to withdraw from Kuwait before the time limit August 2Iraq invades Kuwait. January 17 Allied attack begins with Apache strike at 2:38 A.M. February 28 Cease-fire takes effect at 8 A.M. June 8 Victory parade in Washington. 2,300 civilians died during the air campaign.
VIOLET COLORViolet Color Represents: Inspiration Imagination Individuality Spirituality
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE TRAITS OF THE COLOR VIOLETPositive keywords include: Unusual and Individual Creative and Inventive Selfless
Negative keywords include: Immaturity Being Impractical Corrupt
WHAT IS CONTINENT ?? WHAT IS CONTINENT INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION DEFINITION DEFINITION NUMBER OF CONTINENT NUMBER OF CONTINENT CONTINENT MODEL CONTINENT MODEL AREA AND POPULATION AREA AND POPULATION HIGHEST AND LOWEST POINT HIGHEST AND LOWEST POINT
INTRODUCTION The Romans named the seven days of the week after the Sun, Moon and five planets, which were then known. The days were known as Sun’s-day, Moons - day, Mars-day and so on. This System was in use at the beginning of the Christian Era.
SUNDAY First Day of the Week The name Sunday comes from the Old English Sunnandaeg (pronounced [sun.nan.dæg] meaning "Day of the Sun” Sunday is the day of the week it has lots of fun. On this day almost all the families go together For some or the other enjoyment
MONDAY Second Day of the Week The word Monday comes from the Anglo-Saxon monandae,which means the Moon’s day. The name Monday comes from the Old English Mōnandaeg (pronounced [mon.nan.daeg] or [mon.nan.dæj), meaning “Day of the Moon”.
TUESDAY Third Day of the Week Old English Tīwesdæg (meaning "Tiws day“) was a god of combat and heroic glory in Norse mythology and Germanic paganism Tiu (Twia) is the English/Germanic god of war and the sky. Mars is the Roman god of war.
WEDNESDAY Fourth Day of the Week This day Gets its name from Woden or Odin the Chief god in Teutonic mythology, to Whom it was sacred At the beginning Of the Christian Era, the Germans Called the day Woden’s-day. Its name Later changed to Wednesday
THURSDAY Fifth Day of the Week The ancient Norseman Considered the day sacred to Thor, the Teutonic god of Thunder. The name means Thor’s day. He is represented as riding a chariot drawn by goats and wielding the hammer.He is the defender of the Aesir, destined to kill and be killed by the Midgard Serpent
FRIDAY Sixth Day of the Week The name Friday comes from The Anglo-Saxon word Frigedaeg, which means Frigg’s Day. Frigg was a goddess of Love in Norse mythology It is based on the Latin Dies Venires , "Day of Venus"
SATURDAY Seventh Day of the Week Saturday, called Saeter-doeg by the Anglo- Saxons, is the seventh day of the week. It is named after the Roman god Saturn and is the only Day named after a Roman god.
INTRODUCTION Saptapadi or Saat Phere is the most important ceremony in a Hindu wedding. It is conducted after the “Mangal Sutra” ceremony. The bride and the groom take Seven Steps or Seven Phera around the Holy Fire i.e. “Yagna”. The Seven Pheras are also called “Mangal Pheras”. While taking those steps, both the Bride and the groom make Seven Vows to each other.
SAPTAPADI PHERA 1: Blessing for nourishing food and noble and respectful life. Bridegroom’s vow/promise: MANTRA :- “Om esha ekapadi bhava iti prathaman” MEANING :- I will love, cherish and provide for you and our children. You will support me and offer me food.
Bride’s vow/promise: MANTRA:- “Dhanam dhanyam pade vadet” MEANING:- I will honor you. I take upon myself the responsibilities of the house and children.
SAPTAPADI PHERA 2: Pray for strength (physical and mental). Also pray for a peaceful and healthy life. Bridegroom’s vow/promise: MANTRA: “Om oorje jara dastayaha” MEANING: The groom promises to support his wife forever. Together we will defend our family and home.
Bride’s vow/promise: MANTRA:- “Kutumburn rakshayishyammi sa aravindharam” MEANING:- Bride vows to stand side by side with her husband in protecting their family and home.
SAPTAPADI PHERA 3: Pray for prosperity and wisdom. Also pray for religious and spiritual strength and reaffirm their commitment to each other. Bridegroom’s vow/promise: MANTRA: “Om rayas Santu joradastayaha” MEANING: The groom promises to work for the prosperity of his family. The groom also promises to be faithful to his wife and lead a spiritual life.
Bride’s vow/promise: MANTRA:- “Tava bhakti as vadedvachacha”. MEANING:- The bride promises to be faithful to her husband and to support him.
SAPTAPADI PHERA 4: Pray for the happiness of the couple. Bridegroom’s vow/promise: MANTRA: “Om mayo bhavyas jaradastaya ha” MEANING: The groom declares his good fortune at marrying his wife. The groom prays for a happy life and good children.
Bride’s vow/promise: MANTRA:- “Lalayami cha pade vadet” MEANING:- The bride affirms that she will do her best to please her husband.
SAPTAPADI PHERA 5: Pray for happy children and happiness for all beings Bridegroom’s vow/promise: MANTRA: “Om prajabhyaha Santu jaradastayaha” MEANING: Pray for the happiness and wellbeing of our family. May we have righteous and obedient children.
Bride’s vow/promise: MANTRA:- “Arte arba sapade vadet” MEANING:- I will trust and honor you. I will be with you always.
SAPTAPADI PHERA 6: Pray that we live in perfect harmony. May we have a long and happy life. Bridegroom’s vow/promise: May we be happy together forever.
Bride’s vow/promise: MANTRA:- “Yajne home shashthe vacho vadet” MEANING:- I will always be by your side in your endeavors.
SAPTAPADI PHERA 7: Pray that we live in perfect harmony. May we have a long and happy life. Bridegroom’s vow/promise: MANTRA: “Om sakhi jaradastayahga” MEANING: With this last Phera we forever belong to each other.
Bride’s vow/promise: MANTRA:- “Attramshe sakshino vadet pade” MEANING:- I am delighted to be your wife. May we be together forever.
Why ? 7 Wonders were chosen because the original list ofAncient Wonders, drawn up more than 2,000 years ago. How ? After 7 years of campaigning and 100 million votesreceived, the results of the world’s first-ever global votewere announced in random order. They are all equal there is no rank among the list.
Built in Rome. Completed in 80 AD. Capable of seating 50,000 spectators. Remained in use for nearly 500 years. Largest amphitheatre ever built in the Roman Empire. Gladiators’ fights and public performances. Symbol of Joy & Suffering.
In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A statue of Jesus Christ. Is 39.6 meters tall & weighs 635 tons. Is located 700 m. above sea level. Construction took nine years, from 1922 to 1931. Stands for Welcoming & Openness.
In the south of Peru. “The Lost City of the Incas” Located at an altitude of 2,400 meters above Sea level. Built around 1460. It was used as a religious sanctuary and a palace. A symbol of Community & Dedication.
Is an ancient Chinese fortification. World’s Longest made Human Structure. 7,300 km from East to West. Built in the 7th Century BC when China was stilldivided into many small states. It was built to protect the rule of China between the 5thcentury BC and the 16th century. Is incredible proof of Perseverance & Persistence.
Situated in Jordan. Established sometime around the 6th century BC. Petra means rock in Greek. Has rock cut architecture. Its buildings are worked on the same rock in thevalley. A great symbol of Engineering & Protection.
Can be best seenduring early hours ofMorning or during Lasthour of evening, WhenSun warms themulticolored stones. Petra is considered asone of the bestcombination of bothNature & Man-madebeauty.
Situated in Agra, India Taj Mahal took 22 years to complete. Spread over 42 acres of land. 20,000 workers were labored & 32 Cr. Rs were spentfor construction of Taj Mahal. Built by Muslim Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to honorthe memory of his beloved late wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Hands of craftsmen & architect were chopped off.
The entire architecturalcomplex mainly consists of fivemajor constituents; Darwaza. Bageecha. Masjid. Naqqar Khana. Rauza. Taj Mahal symbolizes Love& Passion.