• kalpana chawla was part
of the crew on board the Space Shuttle
Columbia.She became the first woman in India to
get into space.It was the second mission of
Columbia.But it ended in a tragedy.The shuttle was
going to land on February 01,2003 when it caught
and went up in flames.All the seven astronauts on
board were killed.The shuttle had stayed there in
orbit for sixteen days.
India is still lagging far behind in space
technology.India has lately put several crafts in
space to improve the communication system,and all
are doing very well.Indian women are marching
ahead and replacing there men counterparts in fields
which were reserved only for them.
. Unprecedented- If something is
unprecedented, it has never happened before.
• Naturalised- A naturalised citizen of a
particular country is someone who legally
become a citizen of that country, although they
were not born
• Orbit- An orbit is a curved path in space that is
followed by an object going round and round a
planet, moon or a star
• Astrophysics- Astrophysics is the study of the
physical and chemical structure of the stars,
planets and other natural objects in space.
• Astronaut- An astronaut is a person who is
trained for travelling in a space craft.
RK KVPSG 16
• Crew-A group of spaceship operators
• Participate-to take part.
• Instructors- one who gives instructions
• Licensed- permitted by law
• Observe- watch, notice
• Disaster- great tragedy
• Glued- stuck
• Heroine- brave woman
• Enormous- huge, very big
• Encouraged – boosted
RK KVPSG 17
Chawla was born in
Karnal , Haryana ,
India . Her interest
in flight was inspired
by J. R. D. Tata ,
India's first pilot.18RK KVPSG
aeronautical engineering at
the Punjab Engineering
College in 1982 where she
earned her Bachelor of
Science degree. Thereafter
she moved to the United
States to obtain a Master of
from University of Texas (
1984 ). 19RK KVPSG
Dr. Chawla earned a doctorate in
aerospace engineering from
University of Colorado in 1988 . That
same year she began working for
NASA 's Ames Research Center .
Kalpana Chawla became a
naturalized USA citizen, and
married Jean-Pierre Harrison, a
freelance flying instructor. Chawla
held a certified flight instructor's
license with airplane and glider
ratings, and has commercial pilot's
licenses for single and multiengine
land and seaplanes
KALPANA’S NASA CAREER
Dr. Chawla entered NASA's
astronaut program in 1994 and
was selected for flight in 1996 .
Chawla's first mission to space
began on November 19 , 1997 as
part of the 6 astronaut crew that
flew the Space Shuttle Columbia
Flight STS-87 . Chawla was the
first Indian-born woman in space,
as well as the first Indian-
American in space. (She was the
second person from India to fly
into space, after cosmonaut
Rakesh Sharma who went into
space in 1984 in a Soviet
Chawla was a strict vegetarian . On her mission, she
carried a white silk banner as part of a worldwide
campaign to honor teachers, as well as nearly two
dozen CDs, including ones by Abida Praveen , Yehudi
Menuhin , Ravi Shankar , and Deep Purple . She went
to her first rock concert, a Deep Purple show, in 2001
with her husband. "Kalpana is not necessarily a rock
music aficionado," her husband said of a Deep Purple
show they went to in 2001. "But (she) nevertheless
characterized the show as a 'spiritual experience.'" The
administrator for the Hindu temple in Houston where
Chawla attended when her schedule permitted said
"She was a nice lady ... and very pious."RK KVPSG 22
Shortly after her last mission, India renamed
its first weather satellite 'Kalpana-1' in her
honor. She died a hero and a role-model for
many young women, particularly those in her
hometown of Karnal where she periodically
returned to encourage young girls to follow in
her footsteps. Her brother, Sanjay Chawla ,
remarked "To me, my sister is not dead. She
is immortal. Isn't that what a star is? She is a
permanent star in the sky. She will always be
up there where she belongs 23RK KVPSG
Kalpana Chawla was born in Karnal. She
was graduated from Tagore School. She
got the Bachelor of Science degree in
Aeronautical Engineering. Then she went
to the United States for a master’s degree.
She also got Ph.D. degree in Aerospace
Engineering. She was married to a flight
instructor Jean Pierre Harrison. She
became a naturalised US Citizen. She
was licensed to fly land aeroplanes, sea
planes and gliders. She was also certified
flight instructor. RK KVPSG 24
Kalpana Chawla was selected by NASA for training
as an astronaut. Her first space mission in the
space shuttle Columbia was about 16 days long.
She went around the earth 252 times. The crew
performed 80 experiments and some tests.
Unfortunately, Columbia broke apart in flames while
returning to its landing trip. It was flying at an
altitude fo 200000 feet during its 28th space flight. It
killed all the seven crew on board. The whole
country mourned Kalpana’s death. For millions of
young Indians, the story of Kalpana Chawla, a girl
from a small town who touched the skies, had
become an inspiration. Truly, that is what Kalpana
Chawla was a shooting starRK KVPSG 25
KALPANA CHAWLA: Some Facts
(i) Born at Karnal, Haryana
(ii) A graduate in Aeronautical Engineering from
(iii) Went to USA for Master’s Degree & earned her
Ph.D in Aerospace engineering.
(iv) Married to Jean Pierre Harrison, Flight Instructor
& became naturalised US citizen
(v) First Indian- American Astronaut
(vi) killed in Columbia Shuttle crash on Feb.1, 2003
(vii) NASA- National Aeronautics And Space
Administration RK KVPSG 26
• Kalpana Chawla said that she never
dreamed, as a child in Karnal, that she
would cross the frontiers of space. It was
enough that her parents allowed her to
attend engineering college after she
graduated from Tagore School.
After a Bachelor of Science degree in
Aeronautical Engineering, she went for a
master’s degree to the United States of
America. RK KVPSG 27
1. Where did Kalpana Chawla live during her
2. What did she not dream then?
3. What did her parents allow her to do?
4. Where did she do her graduation from?
5. Karnal is a city of which state?
6. What do you understand by Aeronautical
7. Find the similar meaning of the following
words from the passage given.
i. boundaries ii. sufficientRK KVPSG 28
• For millions of young Indians, the story of
Kalpana Chawla, a girl from a small town
who touched the skies, had become an
inspiration. In a message that she sent
from aboard the space shuttle Columbia,
to the students of her college in
Chandigarh, Kalpana said: “The path from
dreams to success does exist. May you
have the vision to find it, the courage to
get onto it…wishing you a great journey.”
RK KVPSG 29
1. Who is girl from small town here?
2. Where did she send the message from?
3. How can one find the path of success?
4. Find the opposite of the following words
from the passage given.
i. big ii. Failure
5. Use “May you…..!” and “I wish you/
Wishing you” to wish your partner good
luck and success in
i. a sports event ii. A test or examinationRK KVPSG 30
• Find words from the answers given below :-
• (A) never happened or existed in the past--
• (B) the height above the sea –level --
• (C) an air craft that travels between two places --
• (D) to send something out--
• (E) natural calamity--
• (F) containing a lot of information--
• (G) to satisfy --
6. Encyclopaedic knowledgeRK KVPSG 32
(ii) Lost bachelor
(v) Encouraged Untrained
(vi) Trained Despair
RK KVPSG 33
‘A GAME OF LUCK AND INTELLIGENCE’
• It’s a chits’ game. The chits are
prepared ten in number. Each chit has
one question and a symbol G or B. G
for girls and B for boys. There are two
teams. Team (Boys) and Team
(Girls). Leaders are chosen from each
team to call the name of the opposite
members to pick the chits.RK KVPSG 34
• A chit has 15 points. 10 points for intelligence
and 5 points for luck.
• 1. If a boy/girl picks a chit having B/G symbol,
his/her right answer rewards him/her 15 points,
wrong answer 5 points as he/she is lucky
enough to pick a chit having B/G symbol.
• 2. If a boy/Girl picks a chit having G/B symbol,
hisher right answer can reward him/her only 10
points as he/she is not lucky enough to pick chit
having B/G symbol, his/her wrong answer begs
him/her 0 points RK KVPSG 35
List of words for Pronunciation Drill:
1- dream--- cream, scream, stream.
2- learned--- earned, turned.
3- blast--- last, past, fast.
4- cheered---feared, cleared.
5-flight---plight, height, might
6-space---race, face, grace.
9-train---rain, reign, main.
10-glue---blue, clue, flu.RK KVPSG 37
• See the picture
RK KVPSG 38
Complete the facts about the Columbia’s tragedy based on the report given in the
1- Date & Place of lift off : -----------------------------------------------------
2- Number of astronauts on board: -------------------------------------------
3- Number of days it stayed in space: ----------------------------------------
4- number of experiments done by the scientists: --------------------------
5- Date of return journey:-------------------------------------------------------
6- Height at which it lost contact:----------------------------------------------
RK KVPSG 39
Forming opposites by adding “un” for e.g.
True - untrue
(i)identified-------------- (ii)successful ---------------
(v) answerable------------(vi) insteresting-----------
(vii) qualified-----------------RK KVPSG 40
• . Given below are some words that are spelt differently
in British and American English. Fill in the blanks
accordingly:- For example: colour--- color
• British American
(i) Realise _____________
(ii) _________ Labor
(iii) __________ Traveler
(iv) Counsellor _________________
(v) Centre ___________________
(vi) ___________ Theater
(vii) _____________ OrganizeRK KVPSG 41
• In her message to students of her college,
Kalpana Chawla said, “May you have vision to
find the path from dreams to success….
Wishing you a great journey .”
• Use “May you….” and “I wish you / Wishing
you” to wish your partner good luck and
• i. a sports events
• ii. international English Olympiad
• iii. summative assessment -IIRK KVPSG 42
Answer the following questions
Q.1. Who was Kalpana Chawla?
Q.2. Where was she born?
Q.3. Why was she called a naturalised U.S. citizen?
Q.4. When was she selected by NASA for astronautic training?
Q.5. How long was the shuttle, Columbia in space?
Q.6. What did the astronauts perform after reaching in space?
Q.7. Is Kalpana dead or alive today?
Q.8. What did the journalist write about kalpana?
Q.9. What was a moment of joy and grief for all Indians?
Q.10. What was Kalpana Chawla’s dream?RK KVPSG 43
VALUE BASED STORY
• E:in serviceteam-work.pps
RK KVPSG 44