• His views of art
• His attack on poetry
• The function of poetry
• His comments on Dama
His views of art
• Plato views literature as an art, like
painting, sculpture and others.
• It is intimately bound up with what is
called his ‘THEORY OF IDEAS’ .
• He says, Ideas are the ultimate reality
• He conceived as ideas before they take
practical shape as things.
HIS VIEWS ON ART
• When a copy, copies a original it is ones
removed form a reality.
• A men is away form a reality.
Ideas of everything is in
its orisginal pattern.
HIS ATTACK ON POETRY
• There are three types on attack on
poetry. They are,
• POETIC INSPERATION ,
• THE EMOTIONAL APPEAL OF
• ITS NON-MORAL CHARATER.
• Lets see one by one.
•The poet writes because he is
•The muse suddenly fills him and
makes him to sing.
•Poetry cannot take the place of
•By the impulse of the movement,
•It cannot be to make the individual
a better citizen and the state a
•Poet’s idea was ‘HYMNS TO THE
GOD’S and PANEGYICS ON
THE EMOTIONAL APPEAL
•Being a product of inspiration it
affeets the emotions rather than
•Then the impulses of the moment
cannot be safe guides as reason.
THE EMOTIONAL APPEAL
•He illustrated this with reference to
the tragic poetry.
•In which weeping and wailing were
indulged to the full to move.
•The hearts of the spectators only a
few can realise the baneful effects .
•Finally, plato indicts poetry for its
lack of concern .
•It treats both virtue and vice.
•Heroes are represented as
•Passion of all kinds-pride , anger,
grief and so on.
•Such literature corrupted both the
citizen and the state.
THE FUNCTION OF
•He cannot accept art which is
divorced form moals.
•A poet is a good artist only when he
is a good teacher.
•Poetic truth is the ideal forms of
justices, goodness, beauty and the
HIS COMMENTS ON
•He says, dramatic art, in particular
deserves a separate notice.
•He said three types
• Its appeal to Baser Instincts,
• Effects of Impersonation,
• Tragic and comic pleasure.
ITS APPEAL TO BASER
•Its approval or disapproval depends
upon a heterogeneous multitude,.
•All these arouses their baser
•Plato has ruthlessly censored such
•Sometimes drama reacts
unfavourably on the actors
•Positive benefit to the community
and deserve to be encouage.
TRAGIC AND COMIC
•He says , human nature is a
heterogeneous feeling anger, envy ,
fear, grief and other.
•It pleaser a man to lose his temper
or to go on weeping.