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  1. 1. His types • His views of art • His attack on poetry • The function of poetry • His comments on Dama • Conclusion.
  2. 2. His views of art • Plato views literature as an art, like painting, sculpture and others. • It is intimately bound up with what is called his ‘THEORY OF IDEAS’ . • He says, Ideas are the ultimate reality • He conceived as ideas before they take practical shape as things.
  3. 3. HIS VIEWS ON ART • When a copy, copies a original it is ones removed form a reality. • A men is away form a reality. Ideas of everything is in its orisginal pattern.
  4. 4. HIS ATTACK ON POETRY • There are three types on attack on poetry. They are, • POETIC INSPERATION , • THE EMOTIONAL APPEAL OF POETRY, • ITS NON-MORAL CHARATER. • Lets see one by one.
  5. 5. POETIC INSPERATION •The poet writes because he is ‘INSPIRED’. •The muse suddenly fills him and makes him to sing. •Poetry cannot take the place of philosophy. •By the impulse of the movement, unlike philosophy
  6. 6. POETIC INSPERATION •It cannot be to make the individual a better citizen and the state a better organization. •Poet’s idea was ‘HYMNS TO THE GOD’S and PANEGYICS ON FAMOUS MEN’
  7. 7. THE EMOTIONAL APPEAL OF POETRY •Being a product of inspiration it affeets the emotions rather than the intellect. •Then the impulses of the moment cannot be safe guides as reason.
  8. 8. THE EMOTIONAL APPEAL OF POETRY •He illustrated this with reference to the tragic poetry. •In which weeping and wailing were indulged to the full to move. •The hearts of the spectators only a few can realise the baneful effects .
  9. 9. ITS NON-Moral character. •Finally, plato indicts poetry for its lack of concern . •It treats both virtue and vice. •Heroes are represented as uncontrollable.
  10. 10. ITS NON-MORAL CHARACTER. •Passion of all kinds-pride , anger, grief and so on. •Such literature corrupted both the citizen and the state.
  11. 11. THE FUNCTION OF POETRY •He cannot accept art which is divorced form moals. •A poet is a good artist only when he is a good teacher. •Poetic truth is the ideal forms of justices, goodness, beauty and the like.
  12. 12. HIS COMMENTS ON DRAMA •He says, dramatic art, in particular deserves a separate notice. •He said three types • Its appeal to Baser Instincts, • Effects of Impersonation, • Tragic and comic pleasure.
  13. 13. ITS APPEAL TO BASER INSTINCTS •Its approval or disapproval depends upon a heterogeneous multitude,. •All these arouses their baser instincts. •Plato has ruthlessly censored such plays.
  14. 14. EFFECTS OF IMPERSONATION •Sometimes drama reacts unfavourably on the actors themselves. •Positive benefit to the community and deserve to be encouage.
  15. 15. TRAGIC AND COMIC PLEASURE •He says , human nature is a heterogeneous feeling anger, envy , fear, grief and other. •It pleaser a man to lose his temper or to go on weeping.