®
IoT Meets Geospatial
Geoweb Summit #8
Raj Singh
Open Geospatial Consortium
May 22, 2014
© 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
OGC
®
2
The OGC at a Glance
Not-for-profit, international voluntary consensus
standards organization; leading development ...
OGC
®
Commercial
41%
Government
18%
NGO
10%
Research
7%
University
24%
3
The OGC at a Glance
Not-for-profit, international...
OGC
®
OGC/ISO Standards:
Baseline for Spatial Data Infrastructure
• ISO 19115: Metadata
• Web Map Service (WMS)
• Web Feat...
OGC
®
Why Geo?
• What is IoT?
– abstracting real-world phenomena
into data streams
– combining these data to create
synerg...
OGC
®
IoT is finally arriving:
it’s bubbling up from the grassroots.
• IoT: long-prophesied phenomenon of everyday devices...
OGC
®
OGC Sensor Web Enablement Standards
Enable discovery and tasking of sensor
assets, and the access of sensor
observat...
OGC
®
Large-scale Opportunistic Sensing
• Smartphones to be pocket seismometers
– Right now, can detect earthquakes above ...
OGC
®
IoT service A IoT service B IoT service C IoT Service D
Application A
Application B Application C Application D
Silo...
OGC
®
Tomorrow: Mashing-up the IoT Data Infrastructure
Source: Liang, University of Calgary, OGC Sensor Web Enablement Int...
OGC
®
OGC SensorThings for IoT
• https://github.com/ogc-iot/
• Builds on OGC Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards
that ar...
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IoT Meets Geo

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Raj Singh talks about the history of OGC standards such as Sensor Web Enablement Suite -- Sensor Planning Service, Sensor Observation Service, SensorML, Observation & Measurements -- and its IoT companion -- SWEforIoT, and how the geospatial industry is uniquely positioned to take leadership in the emerging Internet of Things space.

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IoT Meets Geo

  1. 1. ® IoT Meets Geospatial Geoweb Summit #8 Raj Singh Open Geospatial Consortium May 22, 2014 © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
  2. 2. OGC ® 2 The OGC at a Glance Not-for-profit, international voluntary consensus standards organization; leading development of geospatial standards © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium • Founded in 1994. • 470+ members and growing • 40 standards • Hundreds of product implementations • Broad user community implementation worldwide • Alliances and collaborative activities with SDO’s and professional associations Africa, 2 Asia Pacific, 83 Europe 202 Middle East 11 North America 176 South America 4
  3. 3. OGC ® Commercial 41% Government 18% NGO 10% Research 7% University 24% 3 The OGC at a Glance Not-for-profit, international voluntary consensus standards organization; leading development of geospatial standards © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium • Founded in 1994. • 470+ members and growing • 40 standards • Hundreds of product implementations • Broad user community implementation worldwide • Alliances and collaborative activities with SDO’s and professional associations
  4. 4. OGC ® OGC/ISO Standards: Baseline for Spatial Data Infrastructure • ISO 19115: Metadata • Web Map Service (WMS) • Web Feature Service (WFS) • Web Coverage Service (WCS) • Web Map Context • Style Layer Descriptor (SLD) • Catalogue (CSW) • Geography Markup Language (GML) • KML • Web Processing Service (WPS) The GeoWeb is enabled by standards: “The Geospatial Web is about the complete integration and use of location at all levels of the internet and the web.” Dr. Carl Reed CTO OGC © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
  5. 5. OGC ® Why Geo? • What is IoT? – abstracting real-world phenomena into data streams – combining these data to create synergistic insights, especially based on nearness (contextual awareness) – visualizing the results • This is GIS! © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium McHarg’s method involved superimposing layers of geographical data (e.g. environmental and social factors) so that their spatial intersection (relationships) can be used in making land use decisions. This core idea, McHarg’s planning methodology, lead to the development of Geographic Information System (GIS) software tools.
  6. 6. OGC ® IoT is finally arriving: it’s bubbling up from the grassroots. • IoT: long-prophesied phenomenon of everyday devices talking to one another — and us — online – Back in the ’90s, big companies built systems to do tricks like this, but they were expensive, hard to use, and vendor-specific. • Hackers now using increasingly inexpensive sensors and open source hardware, add intelligence to ordinary objects. – Sensor prices going down; sizes going down. Only limit is your imagination. – Cloud services – “If This Then That” or Cosm - let devices interact in unexpected ways • IoT has reached the “Apple II stage” – when a new technology finally becomes easy enough to use that thousands of people start using it. http://www.wired.com/opinion/2012/12/20-12-st_thompson/ © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
  7. 7. OGC ® OGC Sensor Web Enablement Standards Enable discovery and tasking of sensor assets, and the access of sensor observations• Sensor Model Language (SensorML) • Sensor Planning Service (SPS) • Sensor Observation Service (SOS) • PUCK -- Complementary Standards -- • IEEE 1451 smart sensor standard • OASIS (alert) standards © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
  8. 8. OGC ® Large-scale Opportunistic Sensing • Smartphones to be pocket seismometers – Right now, can detect earthquakes above Magnitude 5.0. With better accelerometers in smartphones hope to detect smaller ones – precious seconds' advance notice that a big trembler is on its way • pressureNET – Global network of user-contributed atmospheric pressure readings. – App displays data as markers on map and graphed over time – To improve weather forecasting models. • IoT devices measure Air quality (CO, NO2) – AirCasting - Air Quality Egg http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-20531304 http://www.aircasting.org/ http://pndv.cumulonimbus.ca © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
  9. 9. OGC ® IoT service A IoT service B IoT service C IoT Service D Application A Application B Application C Application D Silo A Silo B Silo C Silo D Today: Proprietary sensor data formats and service interfaces No “World-Wide Web of Things” Source: Liang, University of Calgary, OGC Sensor Web Enablement Internet Of Things Standards Working Group © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
  10. 10. OGC ® Tomorrow: Mashing-up the IoT Data Infrastructure Source: Liang, University of Calgary, OGC Sensor Web Enablement Internet Of Things Standards Working Group http://www.opengeospatial.org/projects/groups/sweiotswg © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
  11. 11. OGC ® OGC SensorThings for IoT • https://github.com/ogc-iot/ • Builds on OGC Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) standards that are operational around the world • Builds on Web protocols; easy-to-use RESTful style • OGC candidate standard for open access to IoT devices http://ogc-iot.github.io/ogc-iot-api/datamodel.html © 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium

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