Review of related literature


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Review of related literature

  1. 2. Mrs. Rosario Moscaya Raemmil Nulada
  2. 3. (Reasons Why we Need to have such in our Study)
  3. 4. <ul><li>. . .it helps the researcher identify and define a research problem </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>. . .it helps justify the needs for studying a problem </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>. . .helps prevent unnecessary duplication of the study </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>. . .can be a source of theoretical basis for the study </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>. . . enables the researcher to learn how to conceptualize a research problem and properly identify and operationally define study variables </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>. . .provide a basis for identifying and using appropriate research design </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>. . .the results of related studies provide lessons for data analysis and interpretation </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>… should start while the research problem is being conceptualized </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>… the researcher, in identifying the problem, must be able to show evidences that the problem exist and is worth investigating further </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>… it is important that the researcher knows what is already known about the problem </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>… it is also imperative that the researcher is able to deduce questions that need to be answered further before the research objectives are finalized </li></ul>
  14. 17. General Reference <ul><li>Indexes </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Abstracts </li></ul>
  15. 18. Primary Sources <ul><li>Articles or Reports written by those who actually conducted the research </li></ul><ul><li>. . .research journals </li></ul><ul><li>that are published </li></ul><ul><li>monthly, quarterly or yearly </li></ul>
  16. 19. Secondary Sources <ul><li>Publications where authors cite the works of others </li></ul><ul><li>. . .books, reviews, yearbooks, encyclopedia </li></ul>
  17. 21. <ul><li>Review the precise definition of the research problem </li></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><li>. . .formulate search terms (key words) relevant to the problem or interest </li></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>Adolescents’ Perceptions on the Effect of Punishment on Self-Esteem and Academic Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Possible “search terms are” </li></ul><ul><li>“ punishment and learning” </li></ul><ul><li>“ self-esteem” </li></ul><ul><li>“ self-worth” </li></ul>
  20. 24. <ul><li>. . .using the indexes of general references, search for relevant primary and secondary sources guided by the search terms </li></ul><ul><li>. . start with the latest issue and work backwards </li></ul>
  21. 25. <ul><li>Adolescents’ Perceptions on the Effect of Punishment on Self-Esteem and Academic Performance </li></ul><ul><li>search the following </li></ul><ul><li>“ self-esteem” </li></ul><ul><li>“ self-worth” </li></ul><ul><li>“ self-value” </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>. . .make a list or note the bibliographical data of the pertinent sources selected </li></ul>
  23. 27. a) author and source b) title c) name of publication d) place and date of publication e) page/s of the article
  24. 28. <ul><li>. . . read the selected materials, take notes and summarize key points </li></ul>
  25. 29. In taking notes be as brief as possible but include relevant information that may be useful in your review such as: -the problem -the objectives -hypotheses -the procedures -major findings -conclusions
  26. 34. PARTS of a LITERATURE REVIEW <ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summary/Synthesis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 35. INTRODUCTION <ul><ul><ul><li>. . .briefly describes the nature of the research problem and explains the researcher’s thoughts on what led him/her to study the topic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 36. BODY <ul><ul><ul><li>. . .shares the ideas of other researchers and expert about the problem </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 37. SUMMARY/SYNTHESIS <ul><ul><ul><li>points out similar results and conflicting findings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ties together the major findings of the studies reviewed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>presents a general picture of the problem to date </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 38. CONCLUSION <ul><ul><ul><li>. . .presents the course of action suggested by the literature </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 40. GOD bless!!!