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Life Skills Education


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Presentation on life skills to be inculcated in today\'s youth and school children

  • The best way I’ve ever been able to teach my kids life skills is to start by asking them what they want in life. This works because then they want to learn more about how they can become successful. Then I’ll ask them questions like: “What do you need to go to college?” “How much money do you need to save?” “What GPA would you need to get?” “What can I do to help you?” Etc… Kids don’t know what they don’t know… and they think they know everything. So when I ask questions, they’re casual… just enough to get my kids to start thinking without feeling like I’m judging them or telling them what to do. One resource that has been helpful is a website called, which has some great video lessons.
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Life Skills Education

  1. 1. Rao Mohar Singh College of Education Adolescent Friendly School Initiative LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION An Introduction Presented by- Rajni Kotnala
  2. 2. Today’s Youth Tomorrow's Wealth
  3. 3. What is ‘Life Skills’? <ul><li>WHO (1997) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ the abilities for adaptive and positive behavior that enables individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNICEF (2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ life-skills based education is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-behavior change or behavior development approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-designed to address a balance of three areas: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge, attitude, and skills. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why Life-Skills Education? <ul><li>Early identification of problems, early intervention and support at key moments in lives of young people is vital </li></ul><ul><li>Development needs & aspirations of the individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Development of psychosocial abilities </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance capabilities and enlarge choices </li></ul><ul><li>To build different dimensions of well-being, by building self-image & self-worth, which in turn help individuals to be less vulnerable to the variations within a given context </li></ul>
  5. 5. Education To Fight Poverty And Vulnerability “ Vulnerability” is the probability of having one’s situation worsen when facing a dramatic event. MONETARY POVERTY POVERTY IN LIVING CONDITIONS POVERTY IN POTENTIALITY
  6. 6. World Education Forum, 2000 Dakar Framework For Action <ul><li>“ the human right to benefit from an education that will meet their(youth’s) basic learning needs in the best and fullest sense of the term, an education that includes learning to know , to do , to live together and to be ” </li></ul>Life Skills Approach strengthens the ability of an individual to evolve, developing self-confidence and power to act, without being restricted to a single hands on skill
  7. 7. What are the “Life Skills” ? <ul><li>Problem-Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Management </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal Relationship </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Four Pillars of Education Learning to Know: Developing Reasoning It relates to cognitive life skills such as critical thinking, problem solving and decision making skills. It thus refers to both the acquisition of knowledge as well as the use of knowledge. Learning to Be: Enhancing Agency It relates to self-management life skills related to self awareness, self esteem & self confidence, and coping skills Learning to Live Together: Building Potential Through Social Capital It relates to communication skills, Negotiation skills, Refusal skills, Assertiveness skills, Interpersonal skills, Co-operation skills & Empathy skills Learning to Do: Functioning and Capabilities It refers to central human functional capabilities of “Life”, “Bodily Health”, “Bodily Integrity” and “Control over one’s Environment”
  9. 9. Significance of learning Life Skills <ul><li>To be able to explore alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Weigh pros and cons </li></ul><ul><li>Make rational decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate effectively </li></ul><ul><li>To say “No ” </li></ul><ul><li>Be assertive </li></ul>
  10. 10. How ‘Life Skills’ lead to primary prevention of health problems? <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Life Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior reinforcement or change </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Health Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of Health Problems </li></ul>
  11. 11. PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILL <ul><li>Allows to solve an issue, problem or conflict </li></ul><ul><li>without anger, intimidation, insubordination, </li></ul><ul><li>aggressive force or behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Devising a plan in order to solve a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Examining a related problem </li></ul><ul><li>Adjustment to a situation </li></ul><ul><li>PROBLEMS if left unresolved  MENTAL & </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL STRESS </li></ul>
  12. 12. What is Decision Making ? <ul><li>Abilities to assess available options </li></ul><ul><li>Relating current situation to past similar situation </li></ul><ul><li>To foresee the consequences of different decisions (actions/non-actions ) </li></ul><ul><li>No decision is also a decision </li></ul>
  13. 13. Responsible Decision Making <ul><li>Making decision after examining the choices & consequences in view of one’s values and goals is Responsible Decision Making </li></ul>
  14. 14. Steps for Responsible Decision Making <ul><li>Identify/Define the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the consequences or outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Consider family and personal values </li></ul><ul><li>Choose one alternative </li></ul><ul><li>Implement the decision </li></ul>
  15. 15. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Ability to analyze information and experiences in an objective manner </li></ul><ul><li>Helps adolescents to recognize and to assess the factors influencing attitude & behavior - values, pressures (peer,family) </li></ul><ul><li>Key to form right attitudes towards life </li></ul><ul><li>Assists in developing responsible behavior. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Creative Thinking <ul><li>Enables to explore available alternatives and consequences of actions or non-actions </li></ul><ul><li>Openness to experience </li></ul><ul><li>Helps adolescents to respond adaptively and with flexibility to the daily life situations </li></ul>
  17. 17. SELF-AWARENESS <ul><li>Body movement and gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Taking responsibility for own behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Being able to stand up for one’s own values and needs </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of mental process </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing one’s thought, feelings and actions </li></ul>
  18. 18. Coping with emotions & stress <ul><li>Recognizing effects of emotions on others and ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Being aware of how emotions influence behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Able to respond to emotions appropriately </li></ul>
  19. 19. How to Cope with Stress <ul><li>Recognize sources of stress in our life </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizing how these affect us </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying ways that help to control our levels of stress </li></ul><ul><li>Learning how to relax to minimize tensions </li></ul>
  20. 20. Empathy <ul><li>Ability to understand and accept others </li></ul><ul><li>To put oneself in other person’s shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Being nurturing and tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages a positive behavior towards people in need or difficulty </li></ul>
  21. 21. Interpersonal Skills <ul><li>To be able to develop & nurture supportive networks </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to end relationships constructively </li></ul><ul><li>Helps adolescents to relate </li></ul><ul><li>with people in positive ways </li></ul>
  22. 22. Effective Communication <ul><li>To express ourselves verbally & non-verbally </li></ul><ul><li>To express opinions, desires, needs & fears also </li></ul><ul><li>To ask for advice and help </li></ul>
  23. 23. Take Pleasure & Pride in saying NO when one wants to say “no” <ul><li>Ways to say NO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polite refusal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give reason </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat refusal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walk away </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignore the person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid the situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find others’ support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about your own feelings </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Life Skills Education <ul><li>Dynamic teaching & Dynamic learning </li></ul><ul><li>Working in small groups & pairs </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Role-plays </li></ul><ul><li>Experiential learning </li></ul><ul><li>Games & debates </li></ul><ul><li>Home assignments, to further discuss and practice skills with family & friends. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Thus, the ‘Life skills’ …. <ul><li>are applied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in various aspects of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in human relationships, learning about rights & responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in health issues: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental Health-Stresses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV-AIDS /STD Prevention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug abuse, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teenage pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide Prevention </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Therefore, the Adolescents should know about ‘Life skills’ because <ul><li>Empowers them to take positive actions to protect themselves and to promote health and positive social relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Utility in Other areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social cultural Issues </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. THANK YOU