Tourism - An Overview


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Tourism - An Overview

  1. 1. Tourism: An Overview A Presentation by Rajiv Bajaj
  2. 2. <ul><li>What is Tourism </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Since time immemorial humans have traveled. </li></ul><ul><li>Food, water, safety or trade were the early travel motivations. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>As mankind progressed, the idea of travel for pleasure or exploration soon emerged. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Travel has always depended upon technology to provide the means or mode of travel. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Earliest travellers walked or rode domesticated animals. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The invention of the wheel and the sail provided new modes of transportation… </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Then came the Steamboats… </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The Railways… </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>And the Motor Car… </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Each improvement in technology increased individuals' opportunities to travel. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>As roads improved and governments stabilized, interest in travel increased for education, sightseeing, and religious purposes. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>A collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience, which includes … </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Transportation </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Accommodation </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Food & Beverage Service Establishments </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Retail Outlets </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Entertainment & Amusement Industry </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Gambling </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Activities etc… </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>As per The World Tourism Organization (WTO): </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism is currently the world’s largest industry with annual revenues of over $3 trillion dollars. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Tourism: The Basic Forms
  23. 23. Inbound <ul><li>Involves non-residents traveling in the country. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Outbound <ul><li>Involves residents traveling in another country. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Domestic <ul><li>Involves residents of the given country traveling only within this country. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Essential </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>for </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul>
  27. 27. Time <ul><li>Availability of Leisure Time determines the length of vacations. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Current hectic schedules have seen vacation time receding from several weeks to just a few days. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Money <ul><li>This is what makes the world go round… </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable income is a prerequisite for a holiday </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Everything comes at a cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable income must be backed by a willingness to spend. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Motivation <ul><li>The reason why people travel. </li></ul><ul><li>May include seeking novelty, education, visiting friends & relatives, adventure or stress reduction etc </li></ul>
  32. 32. Lodging <ul><li>Home away from home. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes a variety of services, ranging from… </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Campgrounds </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Motels </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Guesthouses </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Star Category Hotels </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Resorts etc. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Food & Beverage <ul><li>Not only basic sustenance, but an important factor in the overall tourism experience. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Support Services <ul><li>Usually represented by small retail businesses providing souvenirs and personal services. </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping is an integral part of the travel experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists seek unique & novel items which represent the area and cultures they visit. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Infrastructure <ul><li>Basic services on which all tourism depends. This includes… </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Local Transport Systems </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Water Supply & Drainage Systems </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>Communication Networks </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>Medical Facilities </li></ul>
  45. 45. <ul><li>Electricity Supply </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>Police / Law & Order </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>Fire Protection </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>Road Network </li></ul>
  49. 49. Hospitality <ul><li>The community's attitude which permeates every tourism location – </li></ul><ul><li>- that makes the tourist feel welcome and safe. </li></ul><ul><li>The result of the interaction between the tourist and the local population. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Mobility <ul><li>Access to easy transportation is a major deciding factor for choice of destination. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Tourism – Categories & Types <ul><li>Classified by typical features of spending time in the destination… </li></ul>
  52. 52. <ul><li>Seaside Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation by the sea, water sports etc… (swimming, rowing, sailing, surfing, windsurfing) </li></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>Mountain Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain hiking, climbing, biking, trekking etc </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>Eco Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable preservation of a naturally endowed area or region while making sure not to damage the ecological balance. </li></ul>
  55. 55. <ul><li>Wildlife Tourism </li></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><li>Sports Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Includes </li></ul><ul><li>Winter sports – skiing, snowboarding, cross-country skiing etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Summer sports, extreme sports (rafting, paragliding, sky diving, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Sports events – FIFA, Cricket matches etc </li></ul>
  57. 57. <ul><li>Heritage / Cultural Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Historical sites, buildings and monuments </li></ul><ul><li>Places of historical events, e.g. battles etc. </li></ul>
  58. 58. <ul><li>Health Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Spas, fitness, relaxation, wellness etc. </li></ul>
  59. 59. <ul><li>Medical Tourism </li></ul>
  60. 60. <ul><li>Visiting Friends & Relatives - VFR </li></ul>
  61. 61. <ul><li>Religious Tourism / Pilgrimage </li></ul>
  62. 62. <ul><li>Business Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Combining business with pleasure… Conferences, seminars, business trips, etc. </li></ul>
  63. 63. <ul><li>And the Future… </li></ul><ul><li>Space Tourism ? </li></ul>
  64. 64. Questions ?