Learning disability final


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Learning disability final

  1. 1. LEARNING DISABILITY INBHARATHIDASAN GOVT. COLLEGE FOR WOMEN Mrs. Rajiny.Ch.,M.Sc.,B.Ed., PGDN&D.,(Ph.D).Lecturer in Home Science/ NSS Programme Officer, Bharathidasan Govt. College for Women, Puducherry rjny_blj@yahoo.com
  2. 2. What is Learning Disability ?The term learning disability (LD)refers to a group of disorders thataffect a broad range of academicand functional skills including theability to speak, listen, read, write,spell, reason and organizeinformation
  3. 3. TYPES OF LEARNING DISABILITY  Dyslexia -Difficulty with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, word decoding, reading rate, prosody (oral reading with expression), and reading comprehension.  Dysphasia/Aphasia-Speech and language disorders  Dysgraphia- Impaired written language ability may include impairments in handwriting&spelling  Dyscalculia- Difficulties as learning math concepts (such as quantity, place value, and time), difficulty memorizing math facts, difficulty organizing numbers, and understanding how problems are organized  Dyspraxia - A variety of difficulties with motor skills
  4. 4. A short study was conducted inBharathidasan Govt. College forWomen
  5. 5. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY To identify the type of learning disability prevalent among students of Bharathidasan Govt.College for Women. To plan measures to treat those with learning disability.
  6. 6. METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY Samples were selected randomly. Fifty samples were selected Interview schedule was used as the tool
  7. 7. RESULTS Poor performance on group tests (28%) Difficulty discriminating size, shape, color (6%) Difficulty with temporal (time) concepts( Nil) Distorted concept of body image (Nil) Reversals in writing and reading (Nil) Poor visual-motor coordination (Nil) Hyperactivity (16%) Difficulty copying accurately from a model (10%) Slowness in completing work (20%) Poor organizational skills (26%) Easily confused by instructions (12%) Difficulty with abstract reasoning and/or problem solving (12%) Disorganized thinking (Nil) Often obsesses on one topic or idea (4%) Poor short-term or long-term memory (28%)
  8. 8. RESULTS Impulsive behavior; lack of reflective thought prior to action (30%) Low tolerance for frustration (8%) Excessive movement during sleep (10%) Poor peer relationships (14%) Overly excitable during group play (16%) Poor social judgment (12%) Inappropriate, unselective, and often excessive display of affection (10%) Lags in developmental milestones (e.g. motor, language) (2%) Behavior often inappropriate for situation (Nil) Failure to see consequences for his actions (12%) Overly gullible; easily led by peers (16%) Excessive variation in mood and responsiveness (10%) Poor adjustment to environmental changes (10%) Overly distractible; difficulty concentrating (20%) Difficulty making decisions (36%) Lack of hand preference or mixed dominance (16%) Difficulty with tasks requiring sequencing (22%)
  9. 9. Prevalence under broader classification: “Dyslexia" – 50% Dysphasia/aphasia-4% Dysgraphia -14% Dyscalculia -5% Dyspraxia –Nil
  10. 10. Possible reasons for prevalence of Learning Disability Fear Stress Lack of interest Compulsion Improper teaching method Tease Lack of time (hurry) Lack of practice (training) Lack of self confidence Inferiority Complex/Superiority Complex Negative attitude Weak body and mind Lack of love and care
  11. 11. POINTERS TO TREAT STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES Look for and encourage their strengths, interests, and abilities Reward them with praise, good words, smiles, as often as you can Accept them for what they are and for their human potential for growth and development Involve them in establishing rules and regulations, schedules, and family activities Tell them when they misbehave and explain how you feel about their behavior and propose a better behaviour Help them to correct their errors and mistakes by showing or demonstrating what they should do Dont nag! Give them reasonable chores and a regular work responsibility Provide games, motor activities and opportunities that will stimulate them in their development. (Contd…)
  12. 12. Contd………… Relate incidences of moral values to them. Encourage them to ask questions & discuss. Further improve their ability to concentrate by reducing distracting aspects of their environment Dont get hung up on traditional school grades! It is important that they progress at their own rates and be rewarded for doing so. Take them to libraries and encourage them to select and check out books of interest Help them to develop self-esteem and to compete with self rather than with others Insist that they cooperate socially by playing, helping, and serving others in the family and the community. Dont hesitate to consult with other colleagues, family members or other specialists ( Contd….)
  13. 13. CONCLUSION Each child is unique Learn to respect their individual identity Identify students with learning disability Provide some time and care to improve them This will help the student towards better performance