Definition of index

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Index, Abstract

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Definition of index

  1. 1. Department of Information Science & Library Management University of Dhaka Course Title: Indexing & Abstracting Course No.: ISLM-313 Definition of Index1. The American National Standards Institute defines index as, “a systematic guide toitems contained in or concepts derived from a collection (document, group of documents,or set of objects). It is arranged in a known or stated order, usually different from that ofthe items or concepts within the collection itself”.2. According to Encyclopedia of Information & Library Science, “Within the fields oflibrary practice & documentations, an index is a guide to the contents of any readingmatter or other documentary materials which provides a systematic, sustained subjectanalysis of the contents of such materials arranged according to alphabetical,chronological, numerical, or other chosen order. Each entry is followed by page number,paragraph number, or other indicator showing the exact location of the reference”.3. The ALA Glossary of Library & Information Science defines index as, “Asystematic guide to the contents of a file, document, or group of documents, consisting ofan ordered arrangement of terms or other symbols representing the contents & references,code numbers, page numbers, etc. for accessing the contents”.4. According to Encyclopedia of Library & Information Science an index is, “A tableof reference which is held in memory in some key sequence. It may be addressed to getthe addresses of other items of data, for example items in a file on some backing store”.5. According to Harrod’s Librarians’ Glossary an index is, “A detailed alphabetical listor table of topics, names of persons, places etc., treated or mentioned in a book or seriesof books, pointing out their exact positions in the volume, usually by page number(sometimes with an additional symbol indicating a portion of a page) but often bysection, or entry, number.6. According to Encyclopedia of Library & Information Science, “An index is asystematic guide to items contained in or concepts derived from a collection. These itemsor derived concepts are represented by entries arranged in a known or stated searchableorder, such as alphabetical, chronological or numerical”.7. An index is “a systematic guide to the text of any reading matter or to the contents ofother collected documentary material, comprising a series of entries, with headingsarranged in alphabetical or other chosen order, & with references to show where eachitem indexed is located”. (Reference Service; Krishan Kumar, p.302)8. A similar definition of index has been given by Bonn; according to him, “An index isa detailed alphabetical list of the names, terms, topics, places, formulae, numbers, orother significant items in a completed work (such as book, set or bound journal) withexact page references to material discussed in that work”. This assignment is prepared by: Rajib Hossain Khan, Roll: 38, 3rd Year 5th Semester.
  2. 2. Department of Information Science & Library Management University of Dhaka Course Title: Indexing & Abstracting Course No.: ISLM-313 Definition of Abstract1. The American National Standards Institute defines abstract as, “An abstract is anabbreviated, accurate representation of a document”.2. According to Harrod’s Librarians’ Glossary an abstract is, “A form of currentbibliography in which sometimes books, but mainly contributions to periodicals aresummarized; they are accompanied by adequate bibliographical descriptions to enable thepublication or articles to be traced, & are frequently arranged in classified order”.3. According to Webster’s Dictionary, “An abstract is a summary or an epitome of abook, scientific article or legal document”.4. According to Ranganathan, “An abstract is a summary usually by a professional,other than the author, of essential contents of a work, usually an article in a periodicaltogether with the specification of its original”.5. Ashworth defines the term abstract as, “A précis of information, which in its narrowersense now usually refers to the information contained in an article in a periodical, shortpamphlet, or serial publication”.6. Lancaster defines, “An abstract as a brief but accurate representation of the contentsof a document”.7. Guinchat & Menou mentioned that, “An abstract is a documentary product, usuallytake the form of quite short texts either accompanying the original document or includedin its surrogate”.8. According to Encyclopedia of Librarianship, an abstract is a, “summary orabridgement of a publication or article which must include concise bibliographical detailto the original”.9. An abstract is “the terse presentation in (as far as possible) the author’s own language,of all the points made in the same order as in the original piece of primary documentaryinformation – that can be a book, a research report, a periodical article, a speech, theproceedings of a conference, an interview, etc”. This assignment is prepared by: Rajib Hossain Khan, Roll: 38, 3rd Year 5th Semester.

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