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Rajesh Bushetty
SKULL CALVARIUM FACIAL BONES MANDIBLE
SKULL VAULT FRONTAL BONE PAIRED PARIETAL BONES GREATER WING OF SPHENOID SQUAMOUS PART OF TEMPORAL BONE OCCIPITAL BONE
BASE OF THE SKULL ORBITAL PLATES OF THE FRONTAL BONE SPHENOID BONE PART OF SQUAMOUS TEMPORAL BONE PART OF PETROUS TEMP...
IMAGING MODALITIES PLAIN X – RAY CT SCAN MRI ANGIOGRAPHY
X – RAY SKULL….STANDARD VIEWS OF 20 LATERAL VIEW TOWNE ‘S VIEW SUBMENTO VERTEX VIEW( SMV )
X RAY SKULL LATERAL VIEW
X RAY SKULL PA VIEW
TOWNE’S VIEW
X – RAY SKULL PA VIEW
X –RAY SKULL LATERAL VIEW
NEONATAL SKULL OVERLAPPING OF CRANIAL BONES DIPLOIC SPACE IS NOT DEVELOPED VASCULAR MARKINGS NOT VISIBLE SINUSES ARE N...
PARANASAL SINUSES FRONTAL SINUSES ETHMOID SINUSES SPHENOID SINUSES MAXILLARY SINUSES
PARANASAL SINUSES
PARANASAL SINUSES
ANATOMY OF BRAIN
CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES CORTICAL GREY MATTER WHITE MATTER BASAL GANGLIA THALAMUS PITUITARY GLAND
PITUITARY FOSSA
CT SCAN
MRI BRAIN SAGITAL PLANE
BASAL GANGLIA(SUB CORTICAL           GREY MATTER CAUDATE & LENTIFORM NUCLEUS AMYGDALOID BODY CLAUSTRUM
MRI BRAIN
BRAIN STEM CONNECTS CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES  WITH SPINAL CORD EXTENDS FROM JUST ABOVE TENTORIAL  HIATUS TO BELOW FORAMEN MA...
CEREBELLUM TWO HEMISPHERES CENTAL VERMIS
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID TOTAL VOLUME ….150 ML PRODUCED BY CHOROID PLEXUS ABSORBED BY ARACHNOID VILLI
VENTRICULAR SYSTEM TWO LATERAL VENTRICLES THIRD VENTRICLE FOURTH VENTRICLE
DILATED VENTRICLES
SUB ARACHNOID CISTERNS CISTERNA MAGNA PONTINE CISTERN INTERPEDUNCULAR CISTERN QUADRIGEMINAL CISTERN AMBIENT CISTERN ...
MENINGES DURA MATER ARACHNOID MATER PIAMATER
ARTERIAL SUPPLY OF BRAIN
Respiratory System     Anatomy
 Nose The nose is an irregular cavity at the  anterior part of the face, with an external  protuberance. The nose is div...
   In the upper part of the nasal cavity, the    endings of the olfactory nerve neurones    provide the sense of smell. T...
Pharynx  The pharynx is a cavity lying behind the nose and mouth. Inferiorly, the pharynx opens into the oesophagus and tr...
Nasal pharynx    The nasal pharynx is the area immediately superior to the soft palate. Like the nasal cavity,  the nasal ...
LaryngopharynxThe laryngopharynx is the lowest part ofthe pharynx and leads into the larynx. At   this point the airway an...
Larynx   The larynx forms the connection     between the pharynx and thetrachea. It also contains membranes   (the vocal c...
Vocal Cords  The vocal cords are made up from two  strips of epithelium at the base of thelarynx. The cords are supported ...
Trachea  Outer layer. This is composed of fibrous and                 elastic tissue. Middle layer. This is composed of ca...
Bronchi and BronchiolesThe bronchi are two tubes which originate at the  division of the trachea. The left bronchus is sli...
Lungs The lungs, being the combination of the bronchi,  bronchioles, alveoli, and their connecting bloodvessels, occupy th...
PleuraeEach lung is enclosed in a membranous sac, or   pleura. There are two layers of pleura:             Parietal pleura...
Digestive SystemAnatomy and Physiology
Mouth   Hard Palate    – Anterior roof   Soft Palate    – Posterior Roof   Uvula    – Projection of soft palate   Ling...
Pharynx   Passageway for food and air
Esophagus Tube carries food to stomach Peristalsis    – Muscle contractions that move the food
Stomach   Cardioesophageal Sphincter    – Opening at top of stomach   Gastric Juice    – Stomach acid   Chyme    – Subs...
Small Intestine Nearly all food absorption occurs here Three Sections    – Duodenum    – Jejunum    – Ileum
Large Intestine Absorbs water Get rid of waste Appendix    – Inflamed appendix=appendicitis
Salivary Glands Parotid glands- near ears in mouth Submandibular and sublingual glands    – Produce saliva under tongue...
Teeth   Deciduous teeth    – Baby teeth Incisors- cut food Canines- tear and  pierce food Molars- grinding
Pancreas Produces enzymes that break food down Empties into small intestine Neutralizes gastric acid Produces insulin ...
Liver and Gall Bladder Produces bile Bile enters small intestine Helps breakdown lipids Gall bladder stores bile
RAJESH   IMAGING         TECHNOLOGISTBHUSHETTY
RADIOLOGY TEAM DR. RAMESH HOSPITALS.
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
Rajesh bushetty anatomy
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Rajesh bushetty anatomy

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Rajesh bushetty anatomy

  1. 1. Rajesh Bushetty
  2. 2. SKULL CALVARIUM FACIAL BONES MANDIBLE
  3. 3. SKULL VAULT FRONTAL BONE PAIRED PARIETAL BONES GREATER WING OF SPHENOID SQUAMOUS PART OF TEMPORAL BONE OCCIPITAL BONE
  4. 4. BASE OF THE SKULL ORBITAL PLATES OF THE FRONTAL BONE SPHENOID BONE PART OF SQUAMOUS TEMPORAL BONE PART OF PETROUS TEMPORAL BONE OCCIPITAL BONE
  5. 5. IMAGING MODALITIES PLAIN X – RAY CT SCAN MRI ANGIOGRAPHY
  6. 6. X – RAY SKULL….STANDARD VIEWS OF 20 LATERAL VIEW TOWNE ‘S VIEW SUBMENTO VERTEX VIEW( SMV )
  7. 7. X RAY SKULL LATERAL VIEW
  8. 8. X RAY SKULL PA VIEW
  9. 9. TOWNE’S VIEW
  10. 10. X – RAY SKULL PA VIEW
  11. 11. X –RAY SKULL LATERAL VIEW
  12. 12. NEONATAL SKULL OVERLAPPING OF CRANIAL BONES DIPLOIC SPACE IS NOT DEVELOPED VASCULAR MARKINGS NOT VISIBLE SINUSES ARE NOT AERATED SUTURES ARE STRAIGHT LINES SKULL IS 8 TIMES THE SIZE OF FACIAL BONES FONTANELLES ARE OPEN
  13. 13. PARANASAL SINUSES FRONTAL SINUSES ETHMOID SINUSES SPHENOID SINUSES MAXILLARY SINUSES
  14. 14. PARANASAL SINUSES
  15. 15. PARANASAL SINUSES
  16. 16. ANATOMY OF BRAIN
  17. 17. CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES CORTICAL GREY MATTER WHITE MATTER BASAL GANGLIA THALAMUS PITUITARY GLAND
  18. 18. PITUITARY FOSSA
  19. 19. CT SCAN
  20. 20. MRI BRAIN SAGITAL PLANE
  21. 21. BASAL GANGLIA(SUB CORTICAL GREY MATTER CAUDATE & LENTIFORM NUCLEUS AMYGDALOID BODY CLAUSTRUM
  22. 22. MRI BRAIN
  23. 23. BRAIN STEM CONNECTS CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES WITH SPINAL CORD EXTENDS FROM JUST ABOVE TENTORIAL HIATUS TO BELOW FORAMEN MAGNUM PONS IS THE WIDEST PART
  24. 24. CEREBELLUM TWO HEMISPHERES CENTAL VERMIS
  25. 25. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID TOTAL VOLUME ….150 ML PRODUCED BY CHOROID PLEXUS ABSORBED BY ARACHNOID VILLI
  26. 26. VENTRICULAR SYSTEM TWO LATERAL VENTRICLES THIRD VENTRICLE FOURTH VENTRICLE
  27. 27. DILATED VENTRICLES
  28. 28. SUB ARACHNOID CISTERNS CISTERNA MAGNA PONTINE CISTERN INTERPEDUNCULAR CISTERN QUADRIGEMINAL CISTERN AMBIENT CISTERN SUPRASELLAR CISTERN
  29. 29. MENINGES DURA MATER ARACHNOID MATER PIAMATER
  30. 30. ARTERIAL SUPPLY OF BRAIN
  31. 31. Respiratory System Anatomy
  32. 32.  Nose The nose is an irregular cavity at the anterior part of the face, with an external protuberance. The nose is divided in two by the nasal septum which is composed of cartilage. The floor of the nasal cavity is formed by the roof of the mouth or hard palate. The nasal cavity is lined with ciliated mucous membrane.
  33. 33.  In the upper part of the nasal cavity, the endings of the olfactory nerve neurones provide the sense of smell. The irregular internal structure causes turbulence which spreads inhaled air over the surface where mucus absorbs dust and other contaminants, and provides a warming and moistening action. The nasal cavity opens into the pharynx
  34. 34. Pharynx The pharynx is a cavity lying behind the nose and mouth. Inferiorly, the pharynx opens into the oesophagus and trachea.The pharynx is divided into three areas: the nasal pharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx.
  35. 35. Nasal pharynx The nasal pharynx is the area immediately superior to the soft palate. Like the nasal cavity, the nasal pharynx is lined with ciliated mucous membrane. Auditory tubes (Eustachian tubes) -one from each middle ear - open into the sides of the nasal pharynx. Oropharynx The oropharynx lies at the posterior part of the mouth, and extends from the soft palate to theepiglottis. A membranous passageway, known as the fauces, separates the oropharynx from themouth. This passageway opens during swallowing or when inhaling through the mouth.
  36. 36. LaryngopharynxThe laryngopharynx is the lowest part ofthe pharynx and leads into the larynx. At this point the airway and digestive passages divide, the digestive passage continuing as the oesophagus.
  37. 37. Larynx The larynx forms the connection between the pharynx and thetrachea. It also contains membranes (the vocal cords) which allow the production of sounds. The larynx is supported by the thyroid cartilage, the outline of which is visible as the "Adams Apple". The opening into the larynx is protected by the epiglottis. This is a flap of fibrous tissue which moves over the larynxduring swallowing so that solids and liquids are directed into the oesophagus.
  38. 38. Vocal Cords The vocal cords are made up from two strips of epithelium at the base of thelarynx. The cords are supported between the thyroid cartilage and arytenoid cartilage. When muscles associated withthe arytenoid cartilage contract, the vocal cords are pulled together, leaving only a small gap. In a process termed phonation, the vocal cords vibrate and produce sound as air is forced through the gap. This sound is then formed into the voice by movement of the tongue, mouth, and lips.
  39. 39. Trachea Outer layer. This is composed of fibrous and elastic tissue. Middle layer. This is composed of cartilage and bands of smooth muscle.Inner layer. This is composed of ciliated mucous membrane.
  40. 40. Bronchi and BronchiolesThe bronchi are two tubes which originate at the division of the trachea. The left bronchus is slightly longer than the right as it has to pass around the heart to reach the left lung.
  41. 41. Lungs The lungs, being the combination of the bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and their connecting bloodvessels, occupy the majority of the thorax. The areabetween the lungs, the mediastinum, is occupied by the heart and major vessels.
  42. 42. PleuraeEach lung is enclosed in a membranous sac, or pleura. There are two layers of pleura: Parietal pleura. Visceral pleura..
  43. 43. Digestive SystemAnatomy and Physiology
  44. 44. Mouth Hard Palate – Anterior roof Soft Palate – Posterior Roof Uvula – Projection of soft palate Lingiuinal Frenulum – Attaches tongue to mouth floor
  45. 45. Pharynx Passageway for food and air
  46. 46. Esophagus Tube carries food to stomach Peristalsis – Muscle contractions that move the food
  47. 47. Stomach Cardioesophageal Sphincter – Opening at top of stomach Gastric Juice – Stomach acid Chyme – Substance left after stomach digestion Pyloric Sphincter – Opening at bottom of stomach leads to intestines
  48. 48. Small Intestine Nearly all food absorption occurs here Three Sections – Duodenum – Jejunum – Ileum
  49. 49. Large Intestine Absorbs water Get rid of waste Appendix – Inflamed appendix=appendicitis
  50. 50. Salivary Glands Parotid glands- near ears in mouth Submandibular and sublingual glands – Produce saliva under tongue Saliva – Moistens food – Helps start startch digestion
  51. 51. Teeth Deciduous teeth – Baby teeth Incisors- cut food Canines- tear and pierce food Molars- grinding
  52. 52. Pancreas Produces enzymes that break food down Empties into small intestine Neutralizes gastric acid Produces insulin and glucagon
  53. 53. Liver and Gall Bladder Produces bile Bile enters small intestine Helps breakdown lipids Gall bladder stores bile
  54. 54. RAJESH IMAGING TECHNOLOGISTBHUSHETTY
  55. 55. RADIOLOGY TEAM DR. RAMESH HOSPITALS.

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