Manpower Planning(Hrm) Final

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Manpower Planning(Hrm) Final

  1. 1. Presented by:- Amita Chourasiya PGM07060474
  2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction to Manpower Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Steps in Manpower Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of demand forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of supply forecasting </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Manpower Planning is a process by which an organization ensures that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the right number of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And right kind of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>at the right place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>at the right time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doing the right things for which they are suited for the achievement of goals of the organization. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Manpower Planning involves two steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand forecasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply forecasting </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Bottom Up Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Delphi Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Nominal Group Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Ratio- Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Regression Analysis </li></ul>
  6. 6. EXPERT OPINION <ul><li>In this method, managers estimate future human resource requirements, their experiences and judgment to good effect. </li></ul><ul><li>opinions (judgments) of supervisors department, managers, experts, or others knowledgeable about the organization’s future human resource requirements. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>This method of forecasting starts at the lowest level and progresses upwards, through various levels of organization, till an aggregate projection for the organization as a whole is ready. </li></ul><ul><li>While comparing Present and future needs </li></ul><ul><li>Market demands </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility of staff in the department </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Objective of Delphi Technique is to predict future requirements in a particular area by integrating judgments and opinions provided independently by many experts. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>Integration problem </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Nominal Technique is somewhat related to Delphi technique, except for that in this case the experts sit together in face to face situation to make forecast. </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Each expert is making an independent forecast. </li></ul><ul><li>All forecast are presented in one place. </li></ul><ul><li>Take less time. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>This method involves comparing the number of employees to a workload index. </li></ul><ul><li>The level of activity in each job may vary from department to department in the same organization </li></ul><ul><li>Eg.-To produce 100 unit of a product ,if 10 workers are required , the department would require 15 workers to produce 150 units. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Projection of future demand is based on the past relationship between the work force level and the basic factor on whom the demand is assumed to depend </li></ul><ul><li>ex: </li></ul><ul><li>demand of doctors in government health program </li></ul><ul><li>regression equation:- </li></ul><ul><li>D=5+0.1E </li></ul>
  12. 12. EXAMPLE OF CORRELATIONS/PROJECTIONS OF NURSING STAFF IN HOSPI TAL <ul><li>SIZE OF HOSPITAL NUMBER OF NURSES </li></ul><ul><li>(no. of beds) </li></ul><ul><li> 200 240 </li></ul><ul><li>300 260 </li></ul><ul><li>400 470 </li></ul><ul><li>500 500 </li></ul><ul><li>600 620 </li></ul><ul><li>700 660 </li></ul><ul><li>800 820 </li></ul><ul><li>900 860 </li></ul>
  13. 13. MARKOV ANALYSIS <ul><li>Mathematical technique </li></ul><ul><li>Forecasts the availability of internal job candidates </li></ul><ul><li>In this analysis, various job classifications can be predicted from past movements </li></ul><ul><li>Its use is restricted to very large organisations. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Markov Analysis for a Retail Company
  15. 15. <ul><li>Once the demand forecasting is made, the planners have to go out and find the kind of work force needed. </li></ul><ul><li>The sources of manpower supply may be </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Supply </li></ul><ul><li>External Supply </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Educational institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisement </li></ul><ul><li>Placement agencies </li></ul><ul><li>telecasting </li></ul>

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