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Project based learning in school education for promoting experiential learning

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Blumenfeld et al. says that, "Project-based learning is a comprehensive perspective focused on teaching by engaging students in investigation. Within this framework, students pursue solutions to nontrivial problems by asking and refining questions, debating ideas, making predictions, designing plans and/or experiments, collecting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, communicating their ideas and findings to others, asking new questions, and creating artifacts.
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Project based learning in school education for promoting experiential learning

  1. 1. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 1
  2. 2. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 2 A systemic teaching method that engages students in learning essential knowledge and skills through an extended, student- influenced inquiry process structured around complex, authentic questions and carefully designed tasks and products.
  3. 3. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 3 “PBL integrates knowing and doing. Students learn knowledge and elements of the core curriculum, but also apply what they know to solve authentic problems and produce results that matter.” Markham (2011)
  4. 4. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 4 A project is meaningful if it fulfils two criteria. First, students must perceive it as personally meaningful, as a task that matters and that they want to do well. Second, a meaningful project fulfils an educational purpose. Well-designed and well-implemented Project Based Learning (PBL) is meaningful in both ways.
  5. 5. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 5 ‘PBL refers to students designing, planning, and carrying out an extended project that produces a publicly-exhibited output such as a product, publication, or presentation.
  6. 6. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 6 PBL emphasizes learning activities that are long-term, interdisciplinary and student-centered.
  7. 7. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 7 PBL differs from traditional inquiry by its emphasis on students' collaborative or individual artefacts construction to represent what is being learned.
  8. 8. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 8 PBL organizes around an open-ended driving question or challenge. PBL project plan should include the essential curriculum content for the project.
  9. 9. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 9 PBL promotes critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, and various forms of communication, often known as "21st Century Skills.
  10. 10. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 10 PBL promotes students to use technology in meaningful ways to help them investigate, collaborate, analyze, synthesize and present their learning.
  11. 11. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 11 PBL is an effective strategy for teaching complex skills such as planning, communicating, problem solving, and decision making. ( Dr. John W. Thomas, 2000)
  12. 12. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 12 PBL can help increase student attendance, attitude, and self-reliance. For teachers, PBL can help increase professionalism and collaboration. ( Dr. John W. Thomas, 2000)
  13. 13. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 13 Role of student is to ask questions, build knowledge, and determine a real-world solution to the issue/question presented. PBL allows them to think rationally on how to solve problems. PBL forces students to take ownership of their success.
  14. 14. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 14 Role of teacher Project Based Learning is that of a facilitator. The instructor regulates students and ensures that students should remain focused and have a deep understanding of the concepts being investigated. The students are held accountable to these goals through ongoing feedback and assessments.
  15. 15. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 15 Teachers should design projects with the extent of student choice that fits their own style and students. On the “the more the better” end of the scale, students can decide following points:  What product they will create?  What resources they will use?  How they will structure their time?
  16. 16. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 16 PBL promotes parent involvement in the learning process. Parents can play a key role in supporting PBL by engaging with their students in the inquiry process, providing additional resources to the classroom, and serving as audience members for public exhibitions of student learning. Some teachers even train parent teams to provide formative assessment feedback to students on draft project work. (National Academy Foundation and Pearson Foundation)
  17. 17. Project Based Learning Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 17 Blumenfeld et al. says that, "Project-based learning is a comprehensive perspective focused on teaching by engaging students in investigation. Within this framework, students pursue solutions to nontrivial problems by asking and refining questions, debating ideas, making predictions, designing plans and/or experiments, collecting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, communicating their ideas and findings to others, asking new questions, and creating artifacts. Projects vary greatly in the depth of the questions explored, the clarity of the learning goals, the content and structure of the activity, and guidance from
  18. 18. Suggestions Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 18 Rajeev Ranjan Principal , Teacher Trainer & CBSE Master Trainer in Career Counseling B.Ed(English), PGDTE English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad Website:- www.rajeevelt.com www.rajeevranjan.net Email .Id : rajeevbhuvns@gmail.com
  19. 19. Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 19  Article, 7 Essentials for Project-Based Learning(John Larmer , John R. Mergerndoller, In Educational Leadership, Buck Institute of Education)  The Buck Institute for Education (http://www.bie.org/)  Using Project-Based Learning to Increase Student Engagement and Understanding March 2012(TEXAS INSTRUMENT)  Project-Based Learning, A Resource for Instructors and Program Coordinators(National Academy Foundation and Pearson Foundation)  PBL is consistent with best practices in instructional design. To learn more, visit ASCD’s Understanding by Design Exchange. (http://www.ubdexchange.org/default.html)  PBL as an instructional strategy to create rigorous and relevant learning experiences by Dr. John W. Thomas’s (http://www.bobpearlman.org/BestPractices/PBL_Research.pdf)  Stanford University’s School Redesign Network includes links to many resources that help define and understand PBL. (http://www.schoolredesign.net/srn/server.php?idx=850).  The Small Schools Project boasts an amazing collection of resources to assist those educators creating small learning communities and small schools where PBL can thrive. (http://smallschoolsproject.org/)  The High Tech High network features schools designed to support PBL in the classroom.
  20. 20. Teaching is an art. Rajeev Ranjan - www.rajeevelt.com 20  (http://www.hightechhigh.org/)  Project Examples  PBL at NAF, Digital Storytelling for Academy Students and Instructors  (http://pearsonfoundation.org/NAF) The NAF/Pearson Foundation Digital Storytelling Project is modelled on exemplary PBL principles.  What Kids Can Do (http://www.whatkidscando.org/index.asp) This national nonprofit organization focused on student voice has links to several outstanding projects in their “projects and products” section (under “Student Work & Voice”).  STEPs (link to http://itd.usd259.org/steps/pbl.htm) The Standards for Teachers through Educational Projects site includes video downloads of exemplary projects.  Edutopia – The George Lucas Educational Foundation (http://www.edutopia.org/) The George Lucas Educational Foundation’s includes video clips highlighting exemplary projects.  Great Student Work (http://www.bobpearlman.org/BestPractices/StudentWork.htm) Educational reform expert Bob Pearlman offers links to exceptional project examples and assessments from around the globe

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