Whistleblowing-- with detailed case studies on Jeffrey Wigand & Paul Assange
What is whistle blowing?
A whistleblower is a person who
exposes misconduct, alleged dishonest or
illegal activity occurring in an organization.
Often called “making a disclosure in the
The term coined by US civic activist
1-Internal: if the complaint is
made within the organisation.
2. external: if the complaint is made
to an outside body, like newspaper
and other forms of media.
1. From the people’s point
1. need for truth
2. The trust factor
3. Better relation
between the general public and company.
1. Accuses whistle blowers of breaching the
2. CAN view whistle blowing as an act towards money
1. Caught up between
integrity, commitment and
2. The consequences of the
blowing the “whistle” is
pretty immense and heavy.
Whistleblower protection refers to laws and
regulation that offers protection who exposes
wrongdoing and dishonest activities. The
wrongdoing may take the form of fraud, corruption
Also, it offers punishment against false or frivolous
It was first brought
into action in 1989.
it protects whistle
blowers who work
in a government
a federal agency
violates this act if
It was passed by the Lok Sabha on 27th December,
2011 and by Rajya Sabha on 21st February, 2014
and is still waiting president’s assent.
He was an Ex-iitan and an IES officer.
Assassinated on 27th November, 2003 for
Exposing and fighting corruption on the Golden
Quadraliteral project of National Highway Authority
Julian Assange is an
Australian publisher and
journalist. He is the
controversial founder of
the whistleblower website
WikiLeaks which releases
sensitive and or
which have embarrassed
WikiLeaks has been involved in the publication of material
documenting extrajudicial killings in Kenya, a report of toxic
waste dumping on the coast of Côte d'Ivoire, Church of
Scientology manuals, Guantanamo Bay detention camp
procedures, the 12 July 2007 Baghdad airstrike video, and
material involving large banks such as Kaupthing and Julius
Baer among other documents.
known in 2010 when it
began to publish U.S.
military and diplomatic
assistance from its
partners in the news
“You have to start with the truth. The truth is the only way that
we can get anywhere. Because any decision-making that is based
upon lies or ignorance can't lead to a good conclusion.”
“Large newspapers are routinely censored by legal costs. It is
time this stopped. It is time a country said, enough is enough,
justice must be seen, history must be preserved, and we will give
shelter from the storm.”
“Intelligence agencies keep things secret because they often
violate the rule of law or of good behavior.”
Going Inside Of the “ The INSIDER” or the
“ The Man Who Knew Too Much”
Jeffrey Wigand was the head of R&D in Brown and
Williamson Tobacco Company, recruited to reduce the
toxicity of the Cigarettes.
What made him to blow the
B&W were aware of dangers Wigand’s research would cost.
Kendrick Wells, attorney at B&W made sure that
employees didn’t track company’s research works.
B&W clearly risked lives of many , by publishing reports
stating ‘Increased Biological Activity’, coded for
During his last years of stay at B&W, he started
investigating additives to tobacco products, which led to
conflict with the then Chairperson of B&W,” Thomas
Sandefur”. Ultimately, he was alleged of poor performance
and poor communication skills, and was fired.
Risks Undertaken By “ Insider’’
Internal Whistle Blowing.
Applying Virtue of ethics.
SWOT analysis of Jeffrey Wigand
S - He was a ethical and robust person who had
the confidence to rise voice against unethical and
wrong activities in the company.
W – He perceived the things so quickly and took
action on it , he also became greedy for
O – He had the opportunity to stop the company
from involving in unethical or illegal activity and
get a big amount of money.
T – He will never be appointed by any other
company in future.
Depiction in popular culture
Wigand’s prolific story was so enthralling , that it was
turned into a biopic.
Directed by Michael Mann , the film stars Al Pacino
and Russell Crowe.
• Edward Joseph
Snowden is an
employee of the
Agency and former
contractor for the
Whistle Blowers in some areas are not without legal support.
In United States, both federal and state laws are aimed at
protecting those who undertake whistle blowing.
However, even with this support, the potential whistle blower
must still contemplate a difficult and dangerous path.
The primary protection law is the Federal Whistle Blower
Protection Act of 1989
Another Federal Law is the False Claims Act, which has been
around since 1863
Many state governments have passed their own whistle
blower protection acts
Is the act of whistle blowing justified…?
A legitimate claim:
The right motive
Other alternatives have been
??Small personal sacrifice??:
Re-Visiting Employee Loyalty
A whistle blowing incident is
probably the most emotionally difficult
thing you can experience as a
Not every incident that should result in
whistle blowing does, sometimes the
whistle is “swallowed” rather than
In some cases, there are federal and
state laws meant to provide protection
for the whistle blowers
If you find yourself in a possible
whistle-blowing incident, you should
exhaust all internal alternatives for
addressing the problem and accumulate
all documentation possible. If blowing
the whistle becomes the only
alternative, then you should anticipate a
job change and you should get good