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Adolescence Reproductive health National reproductive health programme Nutrition among adolescence
REPRODUCTIVE  HEALTH
Definition   <ul><li>A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease of in...
<ul><li>Have capability of reproducing </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to decide when and how (men & women) </li></ul><ul><li>Sa...
Importance of Reproductive Health <ul><li>Central feature of human development </li></ul><ul><li>Only a healthy female can...
Factors affecting Reproductive Health <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Employment and economic circumstances </li></ul>...
Who is most affected   <ul><li>Women at most </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to conception </li></ul><ul><li>Unwanted pregnancy ...
Indicators of reproductive health <ul><li>Maternal mortality  </li></ul><ul><li>Trained attendant conducted deliveries </l...
<ul><li>Incidence & prevalence of STD’s </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of family planning services </li></ul><ul><li>Access & q...
<ul><li>WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION’S </li></ul><ul><li>REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROGRAMME </li></ul>
Goals <ul><li>Experience healthy sexual development & maturation  </li></ul><ul><li>Have the capacity for equitable & resp...
<ul><li>Avoid illness, disease, disability related to sexuality & reproduction  </li></ul><ul><li>Receive appropriate care...
Different from FP & MCH  programmes <ul><li>Reproductive health involves the behavioral, social, gender and cultural dimen...
Adolescent Reproductive Health Programmes -INDIA <ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>To influence parents, families and te...
Aims <ul><li>Help young people delay sexual debut </li></ul><ul><li>Increase age at marriage for girls </li></ul><ul><li>E...
<ul><li>Prevent STI’s </li></ul><ul><li>Lower rates of unsafe abortions </li></ul>
Focus  <ul><li>Adolescent boys and girls </li></ul><ul><li>Young married couples </li></ul>
States   <ul><li>Community based programmes are under way in  </li></ul><ul><li>three slum areas of Delhi </li></ul><ul><l...
Other Programmes <ul><li>Kishori Shakti Yojana </li></ul><ul><li>Balika Samridhi Yojana </li></ul><ul><li>Mahila Samakhya ...
Recommended Dietary Allowances 30 500 22 63 2060 16-18 Girls  50 500 22 78 2640 16-18  Boys 28 600 22 65 2060 13-15 Girls ...
Benefits of physical activity  to adolescents <ul><li>Helps build and maintain healthy bones, muscles and joints </li></ul...
<ul><li>Prevents or delays the development of high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate amount physical activity is r...
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Reproductive health and programmes

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Reproductive health and programmes

  1. 1. Adolescence Reproductive health National reproductive health programme Nutrition among adolescence
  2. 2. REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
  3. 3. Definition <ul><li>A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity, in the matters related to reproductive system and its functions and processes . </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfying and safe sex life </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Have capability of reproducing </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to decide when and how (men & women) </li></ul><ul><li>Safe, effective, affordable methods of regulating fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Right to access to appropriate health services </li></ul>
  5. 5. Importance of Reproductive Health <ul><li>Central feature of human development </li></ul><ul><li>Only a healthy female can culminate into healthy child </li></ul><ul><li>Good reproductive health can give a healthy & satisfying relationship. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Factors affecting Reproductive Health <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Employment and economic circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Family environment </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional & cultural structures </li></ul><ul><li>Women status </li></ul>
  7. 7. Who is most affected <ul><li>Women at most </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to conception </li></ul><ul><li>Unwanted pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Complications of child birth </li></ul><ul><li>Complications of unsafe abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Easy pray to RTI esp. STD’s </li></ul><ul><li>Burden of contraception </li></ul>
  8. 8. Indicators of reproductive health <ul><li>Maternal mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Trained attendant conducted deliveries </li></ul><ul><li>TT immunization and contraceptive prevalence rate </li></ul><ul><li>Deliveries culminating into Low birth weight babies </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Incidence & prevalence of STD’s </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of family planning services </li></ul><ul><li>Access & quality of MCH services </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence of female genital mutilation & prevalence & nature of obstetric & gynecological morbidities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION’S </li></ul><ul><li>REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROGRAMME </li></ul>
  11. 11. Goals <ul><li>Experience healthy sexual development & maturation </li></ul><ul><li>Have the capacity for equitable & responsible relationship & sexual fulfillment. </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve their desired number of children safely & healthily </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Avoid illness, disease, disability related to sexuality & reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Receive appropriate care when needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Be free from violence & other harmful practices related to sexuality & reproduction. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Different from FP & MCH programmes <ul><li>Reproductive health involves the behavioral, social, gender and cultural dimensions of decision making which affects both men and women </li></ul><ul><li>It does not only include age of fertility but also after that </li></ul>
  14. 14. Adolescent Reproductive Health Programmes -INDIA <ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>To influence parents, families and teachers of adolescents as a way to improve the general environment in which adolescents enter into sexual activity and marriage. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Aims <ul><li>Help young people delay sexual debut </li></ul><ul><li>Increase age at marriage for girls </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage young couples to delay 1 st birth & to space subsequent births </li></ul><ul><li>To increase use of spacing methods of contraception </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Prevent STI’s </li></ul><ul><li>Lower rates of unsafe abortions </li></ul>
  17. 17. Focus <ul><li>Adolescent boys and girls </li></ul><ul><li>Young married couples </li></ul>
  18. 18. States <ul><li>Community based programmes are under way in </li></ul><ul><li>three slum areas of Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>one rural block in Tamil Nadu </li></ul><ul><li>nine villages of Rajasthan </li></ul><ul><li>Madhya Pradesh </li></ul>
  19. 19. Other Programmes <ul><li>Kishori Shakti Yojana </li></ul><ul><li>Balika Samridhi Yojana </li></ul><ul><li>Mahila Samakhya Programme </li></ul><ul><li>School AIDS Education Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Training of Rural Youth & Self Employment Programme </li></ul>
  20. 20. Recommended Dietary Allowances 30 500 22 63 2060 16-18 Girls 50 500 22 78 2640 16-18 Boys 28 600 22 65 2060 13-15 Girls 41 600 22 70 2450 13-15 Boys 19 600 22 57 1970 10-12 Girls 34 600 22 54 2190 10-12 Boys Iron mg/d Calcium mg/d Fat g/d Protein (gm) Net energy kcal/d particulars group
  21. 21. Benefits of physical activity to adolescents <ul><li>Helps build and maintain healthy bones, muscles and joints </li></ul><ul><li>Helps control weight, build lean muscle and reduce fat </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Prevents or delays the development of high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate amount physical activity is recommended </li></ul>
  23. 23. Thank you

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