Nutrition a way to health.  Adult age and nutrition
Breakfast  <ul><li>1)What did you eat for breakfast  this morning ?  </li></ul><ul><li>a) Nothing to eat  b) Toast/bread c...
<ul><li>How much water did you drink yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>(Only count plain water, do not count tea, coffee, squas...
QUESTIONS  ABOUT FRUIT AND VEGETABLES <ul><li>FRUIT </li></ul><ul><li>When we talk about a  portion of fruit  it means a w...
<ul><li>1) How many portions of fruit should be eaten per day? </li></ul><ul><li>0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 </li></ul><ul><li>2) Ho...
Balanced diet <ul><li>A balanced diet is important to maintain health and a sensible body weight.  </li></ul><ul><li>No si...
 
The Balance of Good Health is divided into five food groups <ul><li>Bread, other cereals and potatoes, </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Nutritious diet <ul><li>Nutrition is the relationship of foods to the health of the human body.  </li></ul><ul><li>The foo...
<ul><li>A very rough correlation of calories to plant-based food servings would be: </li></ul><ul><li>Dieting (1,600 Calor...
The WHO makes the following 6 recommendation  <ul><li>Achieve an energy balance and a healthy weight  </li></ul><ul><li>Li...
<ul><li>Salt </li></ul><ul><li>While a moderate amount of salt is required for health, a high salt diet can have detriment...
Major problems  <ul><li>Obesity  </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure  </li></ul><ul><li>A low level of HDL i.e. good cho...
Physical activity- Calories burned per min   <ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Standing 2 to 2.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Walkin...
<ul><li>Dark green vegetables 3 cups/weekOrange vegetables 2 cups/weekLegumes (dry beans) 3 cups/weekStarchy vegetables 3 ...
The adult character comprises <ul><li>Self-control  - restraint, emotional control.  </li></ul><ul><li>Stability  - stable...
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Nutrition a way to health

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Nutrition a way to health

  1. 1. Nutrition a way to health. Adult age and nutrition
  2. 2. Breakfast <ul><li>1)What did you eat for breakfast this morning ? </li></ul><ul><li>a) Nothing to eat b) Toast/bread c) Crisp-type packet snack </li></ul><ul><li>d) Cooked breakfast e) Yoghurt f) Chocolate bar, sweets </li></ul><ul><li>g) Breakfast bar h) Fruit </li></ul><ul><li>i) Cereal (eg Cornflakes, Porridge, Muesli etc) </li></ul><ul><li>j) Other </li></ul><ul><li>2) What did you drink for breakfast this morning ? </li></ul><ul><li>a) Nothing to drink b) Water c) Juice </li></ul><ul><li>d) Fizzy drink e) milk f) Other </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>How much water did you drink yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>(Only count plain water, do not count tea, coffee, squash-type drinks or fizzy drinks) </li></ul><ul><li>a) Nothing b) 1 - 2 cups c) 3 - 5 cups d) About 6 cups </li></ul><ul><li>e) About 12 cups f) More than 2 litres </li></ul><ul><li>How much did you drink yesterday that was not plain water? </li></ul><ul><li>(This time count anything else: eg tea, coffee, squash-type drinks or fizzy drinks) </li></ul><ul><li>a) Nothing b) 1 - 2 cups </li></ul><ul><li>c ) 3-5 cups d) About 1 litre (6 cups) </li></ul><ul><li>e) About 2 litres (12 cups) f) More than 2 litres </li></ul>Fluid intake
  4. 4. QUESTIONS ABOUT FRUIT AND VEGETABLES <ul><li>FRUIT </li></ul><ul><li>When we talk about a portion of fruit it means a whole apple, orange, banana or a whole cup full of dried or chopped fruit eg raisins </li></ul><ul><li>VEGETABLES </li></ul><ul><li>When we talk about a portion of vegetables it means half a cup of vegetables </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1) How many portions of fruit should be eaten per day? </li></ul><ul><li>0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 </li></ul><ul><li>2) How many portions of vegetables should be consumed per day? </li></ul><ul><li>0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 </li></ul><ul><li>3) How many portions of fruit do you usually eat on a school day? </li></ul><ul><li>0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 </li></ul><ul><li>4) How many portions of fruit and vegetables together should a one eat to stay healthy? </li></ul><ul><li>0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Balanced diet <ul><li>A balanced diet is important to maintain health and a sensible body weight. </li></ul><ul><li>No single food will provide all the essential nutrients that the body needs to be healthy and function efficiently. </li></ul><ul><li>A diet which includes a variety of different foods is most likely to provide all the essential nutrients </li></ul>
  7. 8. The Balance of Good Health is divided into five food groups <ul><li>Bread, other cereals and potatoes, </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit and vegetables, </li></ul><ul><li>Milk and dairy foods, meat, fish and alternatives, and </li></ul><ul><li>Foods containing fat </li></ul><ul><li>Foods containing sugar. </li></ul><ul><li>Foods from the largest groups should be eaten most often in the greatest amounts </li></ul><ul><li>foods from the smallest group should be eaten least often and in the smallest amounts. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Nutritious diet <ul><li>Nutrition is the relationship of foods to the health of the human body. </li></ul><ul><li>The foods we consume should provide our bodies with the nutrients necessary for good health. </li></ul><ul><li>The basic premise of any good diet is variety, balance and moderation in what we eat, on a regular basis. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>A very rough correlation of calories to plant-based food servings would be: </li></ul><ul><li>Dieting (1,600 Calories) = 13 servings </li></ul><ul><li>Women (2,200 Calories) = 18 servings </li></ul><ul><li>Men (2,800 Calories) = 22 servings </li></ul>
  10. 11. The WHO makes the following 6 recommendation <ul><li>Achieve an energy balance and a healthy weight </li></ul><ul><li>Limit energy intake from total fats and shift fat consumption away from saturated fats to unsaturated fats and towards the elimination of trans-fatty acids </li></ul><ul><li>Increase consumption of fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Limit the intake of simple sugars </li></ul><ul><li>Limit salt / sodium consumption from all sources and ensure that salt is iodized </li></ul><ul><li>Sufficient essential amino acids (&quot;complete protein&quot;) . All essential amino acids are present in animals. Plants (such as soy and hemp) give all the essential acids. A combination of other plants may also provide all essential amino acids (except rice and beans ). </li></ul><ul><li>Essential micronutrients such as vitamins and certain minerals. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Salt </li></ul><ul><li>While a moderate amount of salt is required for health, a high salt diet can have detrimental effects on blood pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial sweeteners (Aspartame) </li></ul><ul><li>may increase risks of obesity. </li></ul><ul><li>A study by Sharon P. Fowler - drinking two cans of either regular or diet soft-drink a day increased the risk of becoming overweight or obese by 50%. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Major problems <ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>A low level of HDL i.e. good cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Coronary artery disease. </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul>
  13. 14. Physical activity- Calories burned per min <ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Standing 2 to 2.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Walking 2 miles an hour2.5 to 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycling 6 miles an hour4 to 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Walking 4 miles an hour5 to 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Skating 6 to 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Walking brisk 7 to 8 </li></ul><ul><li>5 miles/hr </li></ul><ul><li>Jogging 8 to 10 </li></ul><ul><li>5 miles/hr </li></ul><ul><li>Jogging 10 to 11 </li></ul><ul><li>6 miles/hr </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Sitting 1 to 1.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Standing 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Office work 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning house 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Gardening 6 to 6.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing 6 to 6.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Jumping rope 11.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Aerobics 9 to 9.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Walking on a treadmill, </li></ul><ul><li>(3.5 mph) 5 to 5.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Riding a stationary bike, (60 mph) 6 to 6.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Climbing stairs 6 to 6.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Scrubbing floor 7.5 to 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Badminton 7 to 7.5 </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Dark green vegetables 3 cups/weekOrange vegetables 2 cups/weekLegumes (dry beans) 3 cups/weekStarchy vegetables 3 cups/weekOther vegetables 6 ½ cups/week </li></ul>
  15. 16. The adult character comprises <ul><li>Self-control - restraint, emotional control. </li></ul><ul><li>Stability - stable personality, strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Independence - ability to self-regulate. </li></ul><ul><li>Seriousness - ability to deal with life in a serious manner. </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility - accountability, commitment and reliability. </li></ul><ul><li>Method/Tact - ability to think ahead and plan for the future, patience. </li></ul><ul><li>Endurance - ability and willingness to cope with difficulties that present themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Experience - breadth of mind, understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity - perspective and realism. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision making capability - as all of the above correspond to making proper decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities - Ability to determine what is necessary at that place and time. </li></ul>

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