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Traditional Chinese Arch Bridge


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A brief introduction of traditional Chinese Arch Bridge. And a brief analysis on the form and function

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Traditional Chinese Arch Bridge

  1. 1. Traditional Chinese Arch Bridge<br />Oct. 2009<br />Made By Xinping Yang<br />Translated by Zhiyan Yang<br />
  2. 2. Origins<br />For years, the origins of traditional Chinese arch bridge remains controversial. Here are several theories about it:<br />-TianShengQiao theory: which means the arch bridges are inborn and existed long before the existence of human being.<br />-TuXue theory: which means the shape of arch bridges took its source from the shape of cave.<br />-Tao Wengtheory:which means the shape of arch bridges originated from the shape of pottery urn.<br />-Die Se Yan Jin theory (Corbel Arch): which means the arcuate structure rooted from the corbel arch structure.<br />-ZheBian Yan Jin theory (Multilateral Arch): which means the structure originated from the multilateral arch. And this theory seems have the most credential in academic community<br />And the oldest records of multilateral arch structure and curved structure dates back to Han Dynasty.(206 BCE-A.D.220) <br />
  3. 3. The structure of tomb passage in Han Dynasty <br />
  4. 4. One the earliest records of arch bridge in China: on the relief brick sculptures(Hua Xiang Zhuan) in East Han Dynasty(A.D.25-A.D. 220)<br />
  5. 5. The oldest existing bridge in China is the Zhaozhou Bridge of 595-606 AD, Sui Dynasty<br />(In Now Hebei Province).<br /> It adapted the segmental structure, which combined a very low span-to-rise ratio of 5.2:1, with the use of spandrel arches (buttressed with iron brackets). The Zhaozhou Bridge is the world&apos;s first wholly-stone open-spandrel segmental arch bridge.<br />(from wikipedia)<br />
  6. 6. Structures<br />Basically, the structure of arch bridge can be divided into two sorts: multilateral arch structure and curved structure <br />multilateral arch structure:3-edged, 5-edged, 7-edged (mostly with an odd number of edges) and so on<br />Curved arch: round arch, segmental arch, pointed arch, elliptical arch, horseshoe arch and so on.<br />
  7. 7. Stone arch bridge <br />mostly seen because they are more likely to be preserved.<br />3-edged arch bridge.<br />Both in Zhejiang Province<br />
  8. 8. The Bridge of Old Moon, 5-edged Arch Bridge, in Yiwu, Zhejiang Province Built inSouthern Song Dynasty(A.D. 1127-1279)<br />
  9. 9. Seven-edged arch bridges in Shaoxing, Zhejiang ProvinceBuilt in Ming and Qing Dynasty(AD.1368-1911)<br />
  10. 10. The different structures of arches (With axes shown) <br />
  11. 11. The different types of the construction of voussoir<br />
  12. 12. Horseshoe Arch<br />Pointed Arch<br />
  13. 13. <ul><li>Open-Spandrel arch bridge
  14. 14. Equilateral pointed arch bridge</li></li></ul><li>Viaduct in regions south of the Yangtze River<br />
  15. 15. Terms of all parts of the stone arch bridge<br />
  16. 16. Wooden Arch Bridge<br />Experts believe that Wooden Arch Bridge appeared before-if not at- Northern Song Dynasty (A.D. 960-1127). Hong Bridge, or Rainbow Bridge in the well-known Qing Ming Shang He Tu (Along the River During Qingming Festival) is regarded as the first known Wooden Arch Bridge.<br />
  17. 17. The wooden arch bridge in Qing Ming Shang He Tu (Along the River During Qingming Festival)<br />
  18. 18. Wooden arch bridge with colonnade in Taishun, Zhejiang Province, built in Qing Dynasty<br />
  19. 19. Rulong Bridge (Dragon-like Bridge) in Qingyuan<br />Wooden 3 edged arch bridge<br />Built in Ming Dynasty <br />
  20. 20. YuqingBridge in Mount. Wuyi, Fujian Province<br />Built in the reign of Guangxu(A.D. 1889)<br />
  21. 21. Wei yuanBa Ling Bridgerebuilt in 1919<br />
  22. 22. Houkeng Bridge, Qingyuan, Zhejiang Province<br />The receiver of the UNESCO Award of Escellence in the year of 2005<br />Thank you for watching!Copy right reserved<br />