DEFINITION According to Keith Davis, Participation refers to themental and emotional involvement of a person in a groupsituation which encourages him to contribute to group goalsand share the responsibility of achievement. Workers’ participation in management means givingscope for workers to influence the managerial decision-making process at different levels by various forms in theorganization.
OBJECTIVES OF WORKERS’PARTICIPATION Aware of Democratic right to influence the managerial decisions Raise worker’ level of motivation and commitment (owndecisions) Cross-fertilisation and speedy communication of ideas Avoid conflict and foster better co-operation between labour andmanagement.
IMPORTANCE OFWORKERS’ PARTICIPATION Mutual Understanding Higher Productivity Industrial Harmony Industrial Democracy (right of self expression and opportunity tocommunicate views on policies, worker as responsible partner in decisionmaking) Less Resistance to change Creativity and Innovation
FORMS OF WPM Suggestion schemes: Under this method workers are invited andencouraged to offer suggestions for improving the working of theenterprise. Works committee: Under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, everyestablishment employing 100 or more workers is required toconstitute a works committee.
FORMS OF WPM Joint Management Councils: These councils were setup as early as 1958. Thesecouncils consist of equal number of representatives of the employers andemployees, not exceeding 12 at the plant level. Work directors: Under this method, one or two representatives of workers arenominated or elected to the Board of Directors. Co-partnership: Co-partnership involves employees’ participation in the sharecapital of a company in which they are employed. By virtue of their beingshareholders, they have the right to participate in the management of thecompany