Jim Poison

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Earth Science Pb

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Jim Poison

  1. 1. EARTH SCIENCE GRADES 7-12 <ul><li>MINERALS </li></ul><ul><li>PERIODIC TABLE </li></ul><ul><li>WORLD ECONOMY </li></ul><ul><li>RECYCLING </li></ul>
  2. 2. NAME THAT POISON GALENA ANCIENT CHALICE FUEL PRE 1967 BATTERY COMPUTERS <ul><li>paint </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pb
  4. 4. AN ELEMENT IN THE PERIODIC TABLE
  5. 5. post-transition metal
  6. 6. Some Basics <ul><li>Lead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IT IS AN ELEMENT (Pb) (LEAD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COMMONLY USED IN MANY APPLICATIONSFOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS (FALL OF ROMAN EMPIRE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOFT, EASY TO WORK WITH AND SMELT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIGHLY RESISTANT TO CORROSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BATTERIES CONTAIN THE MOST LEAD TODAY </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. TODAYS WORLD OF BATTERIES <ul><li>Lead Acid Battery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>INVENTED IN 1859 BY FRENCH PHYSICIST GASTON PLANTE’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONSISTS OF LEAD PLATES, SULFURIC ACID AND PLASTIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SLOWLY BEING REPLACED BY LITHIUM BATTERIES </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. WHERE DO OLD BATTERIES GO TO DIE? <ul><li>LANDFILLS! </li></ul><ul><li>GARAGES! </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA & MEXICO! </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. RECYCLERS!! </li></ul>
  9. 9. LEAD AND BATTERIES ARE RECYCLED………….. <ul><li>75% OF OLD CAR / TRUCK AND FORKLIFT BATTERIES ARE RECYCLED </li></ul><ul><li>PLASTIC IS USED FOR NEW BATTERIES </li></ul><ul><li>ACID IS USED TO MAKE SODIUM SULFATE (USED AS A FILLER IN DETERGENTS) </li></ul><ul><li>LEAD (Pb) IS SOLD TO BATTERY MAKERS </li></ul>
  10. 10. LEAD AND THE WORLD ECONOMY <ul><li>LEAD =MONEY </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN / RECYCLING = MONEY </li></ul><ul><li>RECYCLING MEANS THOUSANDS OF JOBS </li></ul>
  11. 11. REFINERIES AND SMELTERS <ul><li>APPROXIMATELY 8-10 STILL IN THE USA </li></ul><ul><li>NEW REFINERIES ARE NOW BEING BUILT IN MEXICO??? </li></ul><ul><li>THEY REFINE MILLIONS OF TONS OF LEAD PER YEAR </li></ul><ul><li>LEAD SELLS FOR UP TO $1.50 PER POUND. 2000 LBS IN A TON. </li></ul>
  12. 12. SMELTING AND REFINING
  13. 13. SMELTING AND REFINING LEAD <ul><li>VIDEO CLIP </li></ul>
  14. 14. QUIZ <ul><li>WHICH IS THE SYMBOL FOR LEAD? Hg, H2O, Be, Pb? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT HAVE YOU HEARD ABOUT LEAD IN THE NEWS LATELY? </li></ul><ul><li>IS RECYCLING LEAD A GOOD PROCESS? WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>DO YOU KNOW WHERE ANY LOCAL REFINERIES & SMELTERS ARE LOCATED? </li></ul>
  15. 15. THANKS FOR THE HELP <ul><li>http://www.webelements.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.foxbusiness.com/story/markets/industries/industrials/ecu-silver-updates-progress-oxide-plant/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-transition_metal </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.chem4kids.com/files/elem_pertable.html </li></ul><ul><li>REVERE SMELTING AND REFINING CORP. </li></ul>

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