The Silent Way Method

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The Silent Way Method

  1. 1. THE SILENT WAY METHOD Principles and Techniques
  2. 2. PRINCIPLES  Teacher goals Lang for self-expression; students dev. Independence; inner criteria Teacher/student roles: teacher technician to focus attn on prior knowledge; students actively explore language Process: sound/pronun introduced first thru sound-color Fidel charts; simulated sits. Focus on single structures; students prompted by minimal cues; students asked to describe reactions; stud. respons. encouraged Lang/culture: inseparable..no fixed linear structured syllabus; develops according to needs..all skills addressed but writing later Native lang: used for instructions/pronun but no translation; initial feedback sessions; schema within 1st lang used  Evaluation: may be largely informal, continuous; transfer learning to new contexts; no teacher praise/criticism..steady progress, not perfection desired  Errors: natural..used as basis for instruction..self-correction, peer feedback encouraged..teacher correction last resort
  3. 3. Techniques Cuisenaire rods Self-correction gestures Teacher’s silence Word chart Peer correction Structured feedback Fidel charts
  4. 4. COMMUNITY LANGUAGE LEARNING METHOD Principles and Techniques
  5. 5. PRINCIPLES  Teacher goals: communicative lang. Use; stud. Reasons. For learning; “whole” person, “non-defensive” learning  Teacher/stud roles: teacher as counselor, reduces threat; stud goes thru stages from dependent to independent  Process: conversation in native lang; teacher translates in chunks; taperecorded into transcript; emerging grammar needs  Process (cont’d): 6 elements: security-aggression- attention-reflection--retention- discrimination; teacher builds rapport w/studs.; studs. Feelings acknowledged/responded to  Lang/culture: integrated to build communication/dev. Creative thinking  Emphasis: initially understanding/speaking with stud-designed syllabus; reading/writing on emerging needs
  6. 6. Principles (cont’d)  Native lang: initially heavy use of translation; pantomime also used  Evaluation: not usual test; studs. Emotionally prepared; tests more integrative (not discrete)--write para or oral interview; self- evaluation
  7. 7. Principles (cont’d)  Error: non-threatening response through modeling correct usage  Physical layout: circles with teacher outside circle
  8. 8. Techniques Taperecording student conversation Reflective listening Transcription of recorded conversation Human computer Reflection on experience Small group tasks

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