HEALTH WORKFORCE IN INDIA SUBMITED BY- Dr.rajat patel SUBMITED TO- DR. A. K. JAIN MBBS,MBA(HA) L.L.B., PHD
OBJECTIVES: <ul><li>To show the big picture of human resource in health of  India; </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the dif...
WHO ARE HEALTH WORKERS? <ul><li>“ The stock of all individuals engaged in the promotion, protection or improvement of popu...
 
THE BIG PICTURE OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN HEALTH <ul><li>In the post independent period, India witnessed rapid strides in prof...
1. ALLOPATHIC DOCTORS There were  allopathic medical practitioners  practicing in the different states in India and regist...
Registered Allopathic doctors 48649@ 16800 35976 654 28525 2550* 40230 1406* 256 9222 71909 34577 30430 100428 15573 36100...
STATEWISE DISTRIBUTION OF REGISTERED MEDICAL PRACTIONERS & DENTISTS(2006)
NO. OF PERSONS PER DOCTOR. (Source:WHO Survey 2006)
Number of allopathic doctors possessing recognized medical qualifications (under IMC act) and registered with state medica...
Number of Dental Surgeon Registered with Dental Council of India in 2006 were 72497. Source: Medical Council of India
There are increases in availability of Allopathic Medical Practicioners, Dental Surgeon and Nurses per Lakh Population ove...
NO. OF PHYSICIANS & DENTISTS ON SELECTED COUNTRIES(2006).
DOCTORS PER 1000 POPULATION (source:indiaonline.in)
2. PRESENCE OF ALLOPATHIC MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR <ul><li>Recently  23,858 doctors  were found to be in...
MEDICAL CONSULTANTS (source:indiaonline.in)
3. DOCTORS IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR The qualified private providers in urban areas-  80%  75%  of specialists  and  85%  of t...
POPULATION PER DOCTOR IN PRIVATE SECTOR There was a much higher density of qualified providers  in urban areas  (1:2300)  ...
5. GROWTH OF MEDICAL COLLEGES Source: for 1981 statistics: GOI, CBHI, Health Statistics in India 1981. for 2006 Compiled f...
STATE-WISE DISTRIBUTION OF MEDICAL COLLEGES IN INDIA – 1981 AND 2006
6. CRITICAL SUPPORT STAFF: NURSES AND PARA-MEDICAL PERSONNEL <ul><li>Nurses and midwives play a critical role in health pr...
State/UT Wise Number of Registered Nurses & Pharmacists In India
7.  THE ‘DRUG DISPENSERS’ PHARMACISTS <ul><li>Pharmacist registered with council- 6.8 lakh </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacists i...
POSITION OF PHARMACISTS - STATE WISE AND IN RURAL AREAS Source: Column1: Pharmacy Council of India. Accessed from www. Ind...
 
8. OTHER HEALTH WORKERS <ul><li>other health workers includes – </li></ul><ul><li>male health workers, health assistants, ...
OTHER HEALTH WORKERS
Source: Bulletin on Rural Health Statistics in India 2006- Special Revised Edition, MOHFW
TRAINED BIRTH ATTENDANTS <ul><li>more than 5 lakh dais were trained between 1974-1985. </li></ul><ul><li>more than 13,500 ...
Rural Health Infrastructure - a statistical overview
Primary health center
Community health center
MAN POWER IN PHCs
The current position of specialists manpower at CHCs <ul><li>Overall about  49.9%  of the sanctioned posts of specialists ...
 
Sanctioned Posts, A Significant Percentage Of Posts Are Vacant At All The Levels
9. AYUSH  PRACTITIONERS :01/01/07
<ul><li>Qualified AYUSH practitioners registered with their respective Councils: 725338 </li></ul><ul><li>Ayurvedic physic...
NO. OF AYUSH PRACTITIONER ALL OVER THE COUNTRY Source: Department of AYUSH, MOH&FW/GOI
Total number of registered AYUSH Doctors in India 2007 was 725338
INFERENCE <ul><li>AYUSH practitioners are roughly equal in numbers to the allopathic medical practitioners in the country,...
10. THE NON FORMAL PROVIDERS <ul><li>Include practitioners who do not have a professional qualification in any recognized ...
INFERENCE <ul><li>Several issues emerge from review of the current situation of human resources for health in India. </li>...
<ul><li>A greater number of well-trained human resources are required, now and in the future, to provide preventive, promo...
<ul><li>Other human resources like public health specialists, health/hospital administrators, social workers, public healt...
REFERENCES: <ul><li>GOI, Bulletin on Rural Health Statistics in India, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Health & Family ...
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Health Workforce In India

  1. 1. HEALTH WORKFORCE IN INDIA SUBMITED BY- Dr.rajat patel SUBMITED TO- DR. A. K. JAIN MBBS,MBA(HA) L.L.B., PHD
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES: <ul><li>To show the big picture of human resource in health of India; </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the different health workforce existing in India ; </li></ul><ul><li>To assess the extent of imbalances in the distribution of the density of health workforce within India and with different countries; </li></ul><ul><li>To assess the contribution of health workforce in influencing the health status of the population; </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHO ARE HEALTH WORKERS? <ul><li>“ The stock of all individuals engaged in the promotion, protection or improvement of population health” are Health workers. </li></ul><ul><li>This includes both private and public sectors and different domains of health systems, such as </li></ul><ul><li>personal curative and preventive care, </li></ul><ul><li>non-personal public health interventions, </li></ul><ul><li>disease prevention, </li></ul><ul><li>management and support services, </li></ul><ul><li>health promotion services, </li></ul><ul><li>research.. </li></ul>“ Human resources actually engaged in the health system can be referred to as the health system workforce or health workforce”
  4. 5. THE BIG PICTURE OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN HEALTH <ul><li>In the post independent period, India witnessed rapid strides in professionalization of medicine, popularly known as </li></ul><ul><li>Allopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathic </li></ul><ul><li>medicine (AYUSH) </li></ul><ul><li>Nurses and Paramedical Staffs </li></ul><ul><li>Non formal workers </li></ul>
  5. 6. 1. ALLOPATHIC DOCTORS There were allopathic medical practitioners practicing in the different states in India and registered with the different State Councils. 662646 Source: Medical Council of India,2006. Alongside, as on 31 st Dec 2006, Dental surgeons were registered with different State Dental Councils. 72496 Source: Medical Council of India,2006.
  6. 7. Registered Allopathic doctors 48649@ 16800 35976 654 28525 2550* 40230 1406* 256 9222 71909 34577 30430 100428 15573 36100 24777 75415 49527 54513 682646 <ul><li>* Incomplete Information Received; @ previous year information repeated </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Medical Council of India </li></ul>STATE-WISE DISTRIBUTION OF REGISTERED ALLOPATHIC DOCTORS AND DENTISTS-1
  7. 8. STATEWISE DISTRIBUTION OF REGISTERED MEDICAL PRACTIONERS & DENTISTS(2006)
  8. 9. NO. OF PERSONS PER DOCTOR. (Source:WHO Survey 2006)
  9. 10. Number of allopathic doctors possessing recognized medical qualifications (under IMC act) and registered with state medical councils for the years 2006 and 2007 were 682646 and 696747, respectively. Source: Medical Council of India
  10. 11. Number of Dental Surgeon Registered with Dental Council of India in 2006 were 72497. Source: Medical Council of India
  11. 12. There are increases in availability of Allopathic Medical Practicioners, Dental Surgeon and Nurses per Lakh Population over the years. Source: Medical Council of India
  12. 13. NO. OF PHYSICIANS & DENTISTS ON SELECTED COUNTRIES(2006).
  13. 14. DOCTORS PER 1000 POPULATION (source:indiaonline.in)
  14. 15. 2. PRESENCE OF ALLOPATHIC MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR <ul><li>Recently 23,858 doctors were found to be in position in the </li></ul><ul><li>government’s network of rural PHC & CHC across the country. </li></ul>(Source:WHO Survey 2006)
  15. 16. MEDICAL CONSULTANTS (source:indiaonline.in)
  16. 17. 3. DOCTORS IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR The qualified private providers in urban areas- 80% 75% of specialists and 85% of technology services were in the private sector (GOI, NCMH, 2005). Service delivery for dental health, mental health, orthopaedics, vascular and cancer diseases 75% 40% of services for communicable diseases and deliveries were being provided by the private sector. In a study of Ujjain district in M.P. 88% qualified doctors were in urban areas and 72% were practicing in Ujjain city itself (Deshpande et al,2004).
  17. 18. POPULATION PER DOCTOR IN PRIVATE SECTOR There was a much higher density of qualified providers in urban areas (1:2300) than in rural areas (1:26,860). (Source:WHO Survey 2006)
  18. 19. 5. GROWTH OF MEDICAL COLLEGES Source: for 1981 statistics: GOI, CBHI, Health Statistics in India 1981. for 2006 Compiled from www.mciindia.org
  19. 20. STATE-WISE DISTRIBUTION OF MEDICAL COLLEGES IN INDIA – 1981 AND 2006
  20. 21. 6. CRITICAL SUPPORT STAFF: NURSES AND PARA-MEDICAL PERSONNEL <ul><li>Nurses and midwives play a critical role in health promotion, prevention, therapeutics and rehabilitation. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 0.9 million general nursing midwives, </li></ul><ul><li>0.5 million auxiliary nursing midwives in the different </li></ul><ul><li>states (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that only about 40% of the nearly 1.4 million registered nurses are currently active in the country because of low recruitment, migration, attrition and </li></ul><ul><li>drop-outs due to poor working conditions </li></ul>Source: GOI, CBHI, Health Statistics in India .
  21. 22. State/UT Wise Number of Registered Nurses & Pharmacists In India
  22. 23. 7. THE ‘DRUG DISPENSERS’ PHARMACISTS <ul><li>Pharmacist registered with council- 6.8 lakh </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacists in the rural PHCs- 3% </li></ul><ul><li>Community pharmacists- 55% </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital pharmacists- 20% </li></ul>
  23. 24. POSITION OF PHARMACISTS - STATE WISE AND IN RURAL AREAS Source: Column1: Pharmacy Council of India. Accessed from www. Indiastat. com Columns 2: GOI, Bulletin on Rural Health Statistics in India, 2006
  24. 26. 8. OTHER HEALTH WORKERS <ul><li>other health workers includes – </li></ul><ul><li>male health workers, health assistants, block extension educations, laboratory technicians, radiographers. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides nurses and pharmacists, there are around 12,500 laboratory technicians, </li></ul><ul><li>around 3000 block extension educators, </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 male health assistants and </li></ul><ul><li>61,000 male health workers, </li></ul><ul><li>currently in position at different levels of the health system </li></ul>Source: GOI, Bulletin on Rural Health Statistics in India, 2006
  25. 27. OTHER HEALTH WORKERS
  26. 28. Source: Bulletin on Rural Health Statistics in India 2006- Special Revised Edition, MOHFW
  27. 29. TRAINED BIRTH ATTENDANTS <ul><li>more than 5 lakh dais were trained between 1974-1985. </li></ul><ul><li>more than 13,500 TBAs were trained under USAID’s PRIME II project (PRIME II, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Thus more recent initiatives are focusing on training community midwives strengthening the ANMs and PHC doctors as skilled birth attendants and multi-skilling rural doctors in provision of emergency obstetric care. </li></ul>
  28. 30. Rural Health Infrastructure - a statistical overview
  29. 31. Primary health center
  30. 32. Community health center
  31. 33. MAN POWER IN PHCs
  32. 34. The current position of specialists manpower at CHCs <ul><li>Overall about 49.9% of the sanctioned posts of specialists at CHCs were vacant. Moreover, there was a shortfall of 6110 specialists at the CHCs as compared to the requirement for existing infrastructure on the basis of existing norms. </li></ul>
  33. 36. Sanctioned Posts, A Significant Percentage Of Posts Are Vacant At All The Levels
  34. 37. 9. AYUSH PRACTITIONERS :01/01/07
  35. 38. <ul><li>Qualified AYUSH practitioners registered with their respective Councils: 725338 </li></ul><ul><li>Ayurvedic physicians; 453661 </li></ul><ul><li>Unani physicians; 46558 </li></ul><ul><li>Siddha practitioners, 3681 </li></ul><ul><li>Homeopathic practitioners 217850 </li></ul><ul><li>Naturopathy practitioners 888 </li></ul><ul><li>The states of Bihar 165047 practitioners, </li></ul><ul><li>Maharashtra 105516 practitioners and </li></ul><ul><li>Uttar Pradesh 92319 practitioners had the highest numbers of AYUSH practitioners in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>The AYUSH department has around 23,000 dispensaries and 1355 hospitals </li></ul>Source: Department of AYUSH, MOH&FW/GOI
  36. 39. NO. OF AYUSH PRACTITIONER ALL OVER THE COUNTRY Source: Department of AYUSH, MOH&FW/GOI
  37. 40. Total number of registered AYUSH Doctors in India 2007 was 725338
  38. 41. INFERENCE <ul><li>AYUSH practitioners are roughly equal in numbers to the allopathic medical practitioners in the country, and in fact even more in some states. </li></ul><ul><li>Although, like their allopathic counterparts, alternative practitioners also tend to be concentrated in and around urban areas, they present a significant resource base for the future of health systems and improved health outcomes in India. </li></ul>
  39. 42. 10. THE NON FORMAL PROVIDERS <ul><li>Include practitioners who do not have a professional qualification in any recognized system of medicine, indigenous or allopathic, but who practice a blend of different systems of medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>examples of folk and magico-religious healers are bonesetters, ear cleaners, ojhas and bhagats [faith healers and magicians] </li></ul><ul><li>These providers are typically male, roughly between 30-40 years of age, with 10-12 years of school education and they perform ojha-tona. </li></ul>
  40. 43. INFERENCE <ul><li>Several issues emerge from review of the current situation of human resources for health in India. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest proportion of medical and paramedical professionals practice in the for-profit private sector, which tends to be concentrated in urban areas. This sector is the primary provider of curative health services in the country for which there is a huge demand. </li></ul><ul><li>The smaller public sector is the primary provider for preventive and promotive care and some curative care. </li></ul>
  41. 44. <ul><li>A greater number of well-trained human resources are required, now and in the future, to provide preventive, promotive and curative care especially in rural and urban underprivileged areas in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore, there exist a large number of AYUSH practitioners in the country, who are a valuable resources that need to be integrated into the health system in bolder and more efficient ways than before. </li></ul>INFERENCE
  42. 45. <ul><li>Other human resources like public health specialists, health/hospital administrators, social workers, public health engineers, physiotherapists and clinical psychologist amongst others are providing health services. However, there is insufficient and inadequate information available about them. </li></ul>INFERENCE
  43. 46. REFERENCES: <ul><li>GOI, Bulletin on Rural Health Statistics in India, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India accessed from indiastat.com </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Council of India </li></ul><ul><li>Department of AYUSH, MOH&FW/GOI </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmacy Council of India. Accessed from www. Indiastat. com </li></ul><ul><li>Census of India 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>GOI, MOHFW Annual Report 2005-06 </li></ul><ul><li>WHO Report (NOT ENOUGH HERE, TOO MANY THERE)2006. </li></ul>
  44. 47. Thank You

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