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• Circuit A circuit is a path for electrons to flow through. The path is from a power sources negative terminal, through the various components and on to the positive terminal. Think of it as a circle. The paths may split off here and there but they always form a line from the negative to positive. NOTE: Negatively charged electrons in a conductor are attracted to the positive side of the power source. Simple Circuit If we break a circuit down to it&apos;s elementary blocks we get: 1) A Power Source -- eg: battery 2) A Path -- eg: a wire 3) A Load -- eg: a lamp 4) A Control -- eg: switch (Optional) 5) An indicator -- eg: Meter (Optional) Series Circuit A series circuit is one with all the loads in a row. Like links in a chain. There is only ONE path for the electricity to flow. If this circuit was a string of light bulbs, and one blew out, the remaining bulbs would turn off. There are specific properties to this circuit that will be described in another section. NOTE: The squiggly lines in the diagram are the symbol for Resistors. The parallel lines are the symbol for a battery. Parallel Circuit A parallel circuit is one that has two or more paths for the electricity to flow. In other words, the loads are parallel to each other. If the loads in this circuit were light bulbs and one blew out there is still current flowing to the others as they are still in a direct path from the negative to positive terminals of the battery. There are specific properties to a parallel circuit that will be described in another section. Combination Circuit A combination circuit is one that has a &quot;combination&quot; of series and parallel paths for the electricity to flow. Its properties are a synthesis of the two. In this example, the parallel section of the circuit is like a sub-circuit and actually is part of an over-all series circuit.
• 1402279 634711266841562500 (1)

1. 1. Series andParallel Circuits
2. 2. Circuit Defined A circuit is a path for electrons to flow through. The path is from a power source’s negative terminal, through the various components and on to the positive terminal  Types  Series  Parallel 2 
3. 3. Components - SourceDRY CELL a source of electrical energy - + 3
4. 4. Components - Load LIGHT BULB lights up when electricity pass through 4
5. 5. Circuit - Complete Source of electrical energy AppliancesComplete circuit - + Electricity flows 5
6. 6. Terms to Know Open circuit – there is a break somewhere and electricity cannot flow (maybe the switch is open) Closed circuit – electricity can flow (the switch is closed) Short circuit – the electricity completes a circuit without going through the load Load – what is using the electricity 6
7. 7. SchematicsCircuit diagrams, also called schematic diagrams, provide a graphic representation of an electric circuit using standard symbols. 7
8. 8. Diagram Symbols wire or conductor resistor or other load bulb V voltmeter battery A ammeter switch generator 8
9. 9. Example – Simple Circuit - + circuit diagram A + - A 9
10. 10. Complex Circuit - + A Construct the circuit diagram + - A 10
11. 11. CircuitsCan either be seriesor parallel.
12. 12. SeriesCurrent only takes one path for electronsCurrent flows through every part of the circuit
13. 13. Lights in a Series
14. 14. SeriesIfyou add a resistor (like another light): Total resistance goes UP since all the current has must go through each resistor.
15. 15. Adding Resistors toSeries: Current in the circuit will go DOWN (lights will dim) If you remove a light bulb or one burns out —all go out!
16. 16. Current in SeriesCurrent is the same at all pointsUse Ohm’s Law to find current using resistance and voltage
17. 17. Voltage in SeriesVoltage isreduced by eachresistance –voltage drop
18. 18. Resistance in SeriesAdd up all resistors toget total Totalresistance will go up because all of the current must go through each resistor.
19. 19. Sample Problem #1 Draw a series circuit with two 1.5 V batteries, 3 resistors, and a current of 0.5 A.1. What is the total voltage of the circuit?2. What is the resistance of each resistor?
20. 20. Parallel CircuitsHas at least one point where current dividesMore than one path for current to flowPaths are also known as branches
21. 21. Lights in Parallel
22. 22. Parallel:Ifyou add a resistor: Total resistance goes down Total current goes up when you add another path
23. 23. Removing a LightBulbIf you remove a light bulb or one burns out, the others stay on because the circuit is still closed.
24. 24. Current in ParallelCurrent flows into a branching point, the same total current must flow out againCurrent depends on resistance in each branch
25. 25. Voltage in ParallelVoltageis thesame across eachbranch – becauseeach branch is onthe same wire
26. 26. Resistance inParallelCalculate current in each branch based on resistance in each branch by using Ohm’s Law
27. 27. Practice problem #2 Draw a parallel circuit with two resistors (one on each branch) and a 12 V battery.1. What is the voltage through each resistor?