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RV 2014: Space Exploration: Innovative Tools + Strategies by Mark Gander

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Space Exploration: Innovative Parking Tools + Strategies AICP CM 1.5
Explore the latest parking tools, policies and implementation steps for public and private sector parking applications. Discover online tools and right-size parking principles to turn around the parking situation in your community. Discuss ways to help your community adjust to the changing nature of parking and mobility. Learn from national organizations and agencies that are paving the way for a future of parking in support of TOD and sustainable development.
Moderator: Lucy F. Galbraith, AICP, Director, Transit Oriented Development, Metro Transit, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Jennifer West, GreenTRIP Policy Analyst, TransForm, Oakland, California
Dan Bertolet, Urban Planner, VIA Architecture, Seattle, Washington
Mark Gander, AICP, Director of Urban Mobility and Development, AECOM, New York, New York

Published in: Design
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RV 2014: Space Exploration: Innovative Tools + Strategies by Mark Gander

  1. 1. Green Parking and Sustainable Urban Mobility Mark Gander • September 23, 2014 • Minneapolis, MN Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  2. 2. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 2 To create, enhance and sustain the world’s built, natural and social environments. Mongkok Area Improvement Plan Hong Kong
  3. 3. The world is changing New approach to urban mobility Urbaniza8on, Globaliza8on, Climate Change Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility …new chances Car sharing and per usage models Intelligent parking solu8ons Loca8on-­‐ based and ad-­‐hoc services E-­‐Mobility Intermodal services Connec8vity aligned with travel market Regula8on & Sustainability Convenience Preference Change Individualiza8on Demographic Change
  4. 4. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  5. 5. New mobility solutions Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  6. 6. Sustainable Mobility Adoption Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 6
  7. 7. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 7
  8. 8. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 8
  9. 9. Parking Matters Parking supply and management is the difference between smart growth and congested or sprawled environs: – Parking consumes land and resources – Parking is expensive – We need to manage and supply parking in-line with broader goals Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 9 9
  10. 10. Parking is what your car does 90% of the time Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 10
  11. 11. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 11
  12. 12. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 12
  13. 13. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 13 13
  14. 14. Parking as a strategic enabler Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  15. 15. Right Sizing Parking Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  16. 16. Parking Mobility Services Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  17. 17. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 17 Smarking
  18. 18. If transportation produces 30% of all global warming emissions, Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 18 and… if 60% of transportation emissions come from cars and light trucks Can structures and lots that house these vehicles be sustainable?
  19. 19. Groundbreaking or Greenwashing? Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 19
  20. 20. Changing Nature of Parking Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 20
  21. 21. USGBC and LEED® 2011 USGBC Ruling “Parking garages may not pursue LEED certification. More specifically, buildings that dedicate more than 75% of floor area (including areas not covered, enclosed, or conditioned) to the parking and circulation of motor vehicles are ineligible for LEED.” Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 21
  22. 22. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  23. 23. GPC Partner Organizations Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  24. 24. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 24
  25. 25. Certification Standard by Section Management (A) 16 Measures, 90 points Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility Innovations (D) 1 Measure, 6 points Technology and 18 Measures, 88 points Programs (B) 13 Measures, 64 points Structural Design (C) 48 Measures, 248 possible points
  26. 26. Recognition Levels Potential Points : 248 Bronze: 110 – 134 Silver: 135 – 159 Gold: 160 + Requires 20 points in each of sections A, B and C Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  27. 27. Project Boundary Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 28 1) Defined by the applicant at the 8me of submission 2) Shall be reasonable May include any immediately con8guous structure or property and of the same ownership as the parking garage 3) Typically includes site and building footprint and land parcel Ancillary surface parking to the garage may be included in the project boundary if is essen8al to parking opera8ons 5) GPC reserves the right to deny cerEficaEon to projects with an invalid project boundary
  28. 28. Green Garage Application Process Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 30 Ques8on Self Evalua8on Review Cer8fica8on Standard Apply to Start Process Submit Documenta8on Package 3rd Party Review and Report Op8ons Provide Addi8onal Info Pause Process GPC Issues Cer8fica8on Decision Accept Appeal Decision Decision
  29. 29. GPC: A Green Garage Resource Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  30. 30. Measure A-­‐1: Parking Pricing Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility Free Parking promotes increased Land Use, Congestion, Vehicle Traffic, Demand, Pollution
  31. 31. Measure A-­‐1: Parking Pricing Benefits • Travel Impacts • Parking Management • Reduced Automobile Use and Congestion • Efficient Land Use • Cost Recovery Pricing (fees set to recover facility costs) reduces number of spaces needed by 10-30% from free parking • Revenues • Low Price Elasticity (-0.1 to -0.3), thus 10% increase in parking fees reduces vehicle trips by 1 to 3 percent • Equity Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  32. 32. Measure A-­‐1: Parking Pricing Certification Points [6 points] Charge for parking Best practices • Pricing same or lower than street parking to prevent circling Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility
  33. 33. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 34 B1: Placemaking • “Placemaking is an approach to the planning, design and management and programming of public spaces. • Placemaking capitalizes on a local community's assets, inspiration, and potential, with the intention of creating public spaces that promote people's health, happiness, and well being.”
  34. 34. Measure B1: Placemaking Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 35
  35. 35. Measure B1: Placemaking • Certification Points: Max 6 Points • [1-6 points] Depending on impact and relevance • Multiple features can be counted towards the maximum points allowed. • Subjective criteria, but guidelines in book Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 36 • Benefits l Strengthens community l Keeps people local, reduces driving l Optimizes space and public assets
  36. 36. Measure C8 : Lighting Controls • Commercial Garage Example: • Facility open: 06:00 – 22:00 • Installing Simple Mechanical Timers • Turns lights off from 22:00-06:00 Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 37 Savings: 33%
  37. 37. Measure C8 : Lighting Controls • Mixed Use Garage example: • Facility open: 24/7 • Peak: 06:00-09:00 and 15:00-18:00 (Full On) • Off Peak: Three quarters of the time no activity (Dim to 25%) Quarter of the time there is activity (Full On) Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 38 Savings: > 42%
  38. 38. Measure C8 : Lighting Controls • Occupancy Sensors for parking decks • - Motion/Infrared, Acoustic, Door/Gate Trigger, BMS (access cards), Pressure Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 39
  39. 39. Measure C8 : Lighting Controls • Certification Points: Max 8 Points • Interior • [6 points] 75% occupancy sensors • [4 points] 50% occupancy sensors • [3 points] 50% advanced programming • [2 points] 50% simple mechanical timers • [1 points] 25% any lighting control • Exterior • [2 points] 60% photocells or occupancy sensors • [1 points] 60% programmable/schedule controls Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 40
  40. 40. Measure C9: Energy Efficient Lighting • Advanced technologies are progressing rapidly! Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 41
  41. 41. Measure C9: Energy Efficient Lighting Certification Points: Max 8 Points LighEng Power Density Points Awarded LPD (W/sq. Q.) 7 < 0.04 6 0.04 to < 0.06 5 0.06 to < 0.08 4 0.08 to < 0.10 3 0.10 to < 0.12 2 0.12 to < 0.14 Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 42 Average Lamp Life 1 >65,000 hours
  42. 42. Green Garage Certification Rollout Tally Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 43 11,000 parking spaces in 3 months!
  43. 43. Parkitecture As Placemaking Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 44
  44. 44. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 45 45
  45. 45. Park Above, Park Below Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 46
  46. 46. Park Above, Park Below Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 47
  47. 47. Park Above, Park Below Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 48
  48. 48. Transformation and Placemaking - Philadelphia Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 49
  49. 49. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 50
  50. 50. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility Source: Philadelphia Parking Authority 51
  51. 51. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 52
  52. 52. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 53 Source: Philadelphia Parking Authority
  53. 53. Climate Change is a physical reality Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility Image: NASA
  54. 54. Stormwater Management Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 55
  55. 55. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 56
  56. 56. Pavement Matters Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 57
  57. 57. Key Points q Demographics, urbanization, technology, climate adaptation are driving transformative responses in mobility and parking. q Travel in the fast lane via multi-modal connectivity. q Smart moves in adjusted land use and transit-oriented development balances interests. q Parking policy and management shapes vibrant communities. q Parking design and mobility architecture creates vibrant places. q Moving forward – parking is part of the solution. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 58 58
  58. 58. Green Parking and Sustainable Mobility 59 Thank you! Mark Gander, AICP AECOM 605 Third Avenue New York City, NY 10158 T: (212) 973-3182 mark.gander@aecom.com gander@greenparkingcouncil.org

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