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Employment TOD: The Other E in ETOD by Alden S. Raine, PhD


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In order to reach and retain quality employees, more employers are considering areas accessible to transit and housing. People want to live, work and play in a walkable community -- so their employers are locating there. Investigate the key interests of both employers and employees. Then explore the land use and transit issues necessary for achieving successful employment-based TOD: last-mile connectivity, transit choices and placemaking. Learn from ETOD projects in Boston, Denver and Dallas.

Moderator: Sujata Srivastava, Principal, Strategic Economics, Berkeley, California
Walt Mountford, Executive Vice President, KDC , Dallas, Texas
Tom Clark, Chief Executive Officer, Metro Denver Economic Development Corporation, Denver, Colorado
Alden Raine, PhD, National TOD Practice Director, AECOM, Boston, Massachusetts

Published in: Recruiting & HR
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Employment TOD: The Other E in ETOD by Alden S. Raine, PhD

  1. 1. Employment TOD in the Metro Core Rail~Volution 2015 Alden S. Raine, PhD AECOM Dallas October 27, 2015
  2. 2. Why are We Talking About ETOD? • The job commute is getting worse, with social equity implications:  The Growing Distance Between People and Jobs in Metropolitan America, Brookings Institution, March 2015 • The policy of preserving “employment land”—common to many older cities—competes with traditional TOD for land and for transit. 2 • The TOD community is outgrowing the cookie-cutter: TOD is more than mixed- use development with [high-end] residential and retail.
  3. 3. ETOD in the Core: Three Models 1. Major job centers as anchors of mixed-use transit villages 2. The urban jobs campus and the last mile— a core issue as well as a peripheral issue 3. Employment lands in the regional core— coexisting or competing with mixed-use 3
  4. 4. 1. Jobs as a TOD Anchor 4
  5. 5. Partners’ HealthCare 5 T T Iconic TOD, Iconic Employer Assembly Row • P3 infill station opens up 65-acre TOD two miles from downtown, led by Federal Realty Investment Trust • Full program: 2,100 housing units; 1 million sf retail; hotel; 1.75 million sf office, R&D. • Big Phase 1: 453 units; cinema; outlets. Partners Health Care • Region’s #1 employer: 64,000 in region • Need: consolidate scattered administrative staff • Two choices—Orange Line stations in the core • Chose Assembly Row: two buildings, 700,000 sf under construction for 4,500 workers • Front door literally at east headhouse
  6. 6. Boston School Headquarters 6 Anchoring a Core CBD • Dudley Station: the historic CBD of Roxbury. Pre- World War II, the #2 commercial center in Greater Boston • The heart of the Square: Ferdinand’s, an iconic five-floor furniture store vacant since 1979 • The Southwest Corridor project—a community victory—relocated Orange Line in 1987 • Still a transit hub: terminus of the BRT Silver Line; also served by a dozen regular bus routes • A three-decade revitalization priority for the City—some success, but lacking an anchor • The answer: Boston School HQ—a $120 million public adaptive reuse of Ferdinand’s • 500 employees—mostly City residents;160,000 sf office space with ground-floor retail
  7. 7. Compare: Lindbergh Center 7 BellSouth (AT&T) Towers Anchoring MARTA’s Phase I Lindbergh City Center TOD
  8. 8. Compare: Transbay District 8 6.4 million sf of new office space on parcels closest to Transit Center
  9. 9. 2. The Last Mile 9
  10. 10. Longwood Medical Area 10 T T T T An Employment Engine • 213 acres, 18.9 million sf of building space • Three Harvard teaching hospitals; three major medical research institutions • Harvard’s Medical, Dental, and Public Health Schools; Mass. College of Pharmacy • Six colleges, two high schools, other cultural and civic institutions • Employees: 46,000 (20 years ago: 25,000) • Of those 46,000 employees: – 1/3 (15,000+) live in the City of Boston – half of those (7500+) live in five inner- city neighborhoods
  11. 11. Longwood Medical Area The MASCO Shuttle • Non-profit serves hospitals and med schools. • Ten fixed shuttle routes connect to Green, Orange, Red Lines; Commuter Rail, Harvard/MIT, Garages • Costs built into MASCO member dues, parking rates • 12,500 daily trips; 4.5 million annual trips • In addition: Partners’ Health Care has its own shuttle. • All institutions deeply subsidize MBTA passes. 11 T T T GT T T T T T T
  12. 12. Compare: University Circle 12 Two institutional shuttle systems connect hospitals to Red Line, HealthLine T T
  13. 13. Compare: University City 13 T “Superloop” BRT connects medical and employment centers; will act as circulator for Mid-Coast LRT stations T T T T T T
  14. 14. 3. Employment Lands 14
  15. 15. The Other South Boston Waterfront 15 Logan Airport Convention Center Industrial Container Terminal Cruise Port Marine Industrial Park D Street Ted Williams Tunnel South Station T Mixed Use TOD T T East of D Street • Half of the 1,000-acre waterfront legally reserved for maritime and industrial use • Massport’s container, cruise, and seafood terminals • City’s Boston Marine Industrial Park • Silver Line and two regular bus routes serve the park • Key TOD-vs-ETOD issues: • Land regulation • Transportation for workers and trucks T
  16. 16. The Other South Boston Waterfront 16 Land Regulation • BRA updating Marine Industrial Park Master Plan: maritime industrial versus general industrial versus commercial. • Is a cruise port hotel OK? How much office and R&D? New home for wholesale food businesses? Transportation • Adjacent mixed-use waterfront has exploded—20 million sf of new growth. • Silver Line and street network rushing toward capacity. • High-end residential coexists with trucks—a core state-Massport-City principle.
  17. 17. Compare: East Cleveland 17 Legacy industrial corridor in Collingwood and East Cleveland--- transit extension alternatives address ETOD
  18. 18. Compare: Riverview Corridor 18 St. Paul’s legacy corridor—viable industrial lands side-by-side with residential and commercial; TOD includes ETOD
  19. 19. Thank you. Alden S. Raine, PhD 19