SC stand for Schedule caste&ST stand for Schedule Tribes
Brief history• How’s it start?Varna System –Made by “Manu Maharaj” during thevedic period.It consist:B K V S
Scheduled caste• We can define the Schedule castes as thoseeconomically, socially, educationally, andpolitically backward caste which are kept at adistance by the other caste as “untouchable”• They also known as:• Chamars, Jatavs, Mahars, Billavas, Dhobi, edigas, korama, Machigars, samagaras.And many more you can find on Government of India web Site.Scheduled Castes : 166,635,700 16.2%
Problems of the Scheduled CastesSocial Restriction and Disabilities of the scheduledcastes1. Lowest status in the hierarchy2. Education disabilities3. Civic disabilities prevention from the use of thepublic places-Religious disabilities-Economic disabilities-Political disabilities
Reality• The Varna system which was existed during the vedic periodin course of time degenerated into the caste system. Sincethen, the schedule caste who are know as “untouchables”have been suffering from varioussocial, religious, legal, political, economic, educational, andother disabilities.• For the centuries they were denied politicalrepresentation, legal rights, civic facilities, educationalprivileges and economic opportunities.• During the British rule also nothing was done to uplift theSC/ST and to a relieve them from their bondages.• Even today the Varna system is still exist in India. And stillpracticing.
Role of Dr. B R Ambedkar• First man to make a scientific study ofuntouchability.• Self respect movement.• Five-principles or “panch sutras” for the progressof Dalit.• Call to reform the style of life.• Call to destroy the caste system.• Three principles of Dalit movement..Education, Agitation, and Organisation.
“Poona pact 1932”• It was an agreement between Dr. Ambedkarand M.K Gandhi.When the British agreed with Ambedkar and announced the awardingof separate electorates, Gandhi began a fast while imprisoned in theYerwada Central Jail of Pune in 1932 against the separate electoratefor untouchables only. Gandhis fast provoked huge civil unrest acrossIndia, and orthodox Hindu leaders, Congress politicians and activistssuch as Madan Mohan Malaviya and Palwankar Baloo organized jointmeetings with Ambedkar and his supporters at Yeravada. Fearing acommunal reprisal and genocide of untouchables, Ambedkar agreedunder massive coercion from the supporters of Gandhi. Thisagreement, which saw Gandhi end his fast, was called the Poona Pact.
Scheduled TribesThe trabal people were the earliest among the presentinhabitants of india.there still in primitive stages andare far from them impact of modren civilization. Theylive in forest areas , hills, mountainous places and deepvalley.The known by various names such as – primitive tribes, animists, junglepeople, adivasis, aboriginals, original inhabitants of india and so on.Scheduled Tribes :84,326,2408.2%
Definition• A tribe is a group of local communities whichlives in a common area, speaks a commondialect and follow a common culture.Gillin and GillinDistribution of Tribes:• North-eastern zone• The central zone• The southern zone
THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGISLATIVE MEASURESThe Government of India has incorporated some special provisions in its constitution for theremoval of untouchability and to promote the welfare of ST and SC1. Articles 15,16,17,38 and 46 guarantee that the state shall not discriminate betweenpersons on account of their religion or region and caste or class.2. A - 15 prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, caste, race, sex or place of birth.3. A - 17 abolishes untouchability. It is further provided that the enforcement of anydisability arising out of untouchability shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.4. A - 46 promotes educational and economic interests of SC, ST and other weaker section.5. A - 330 reserves representation for SC and ST in house of the people.6. A - 334 relates to reservation of seats and special representation to cease after fiftyyears.7. A - 335 mentions the claims of SC and ST to services commission for SC and ST.8. A - 338 empowers the central govt. to appoint a national the scheduled areas and thewelfare of ST in the States.9. A - 339 empowers the president to appoint a commission to report on the administrationof and posts.
1.Appointment of a National Commission for thewelfare of SC.2. Educational Opportunities.3. Expansion of Economic opportunities.4. Expansion of employment opportunities andreservation.5. Upliftment of SC through Five Year Plans.6. Others programmes.OTHER PROGRAMMES
THREE VIEWS TO SOLVE TRIBAL PROBLEMS1. Assimilation2. Isolation3. IntegrationCommittees and Commissions.Economic programmes and facilitiesEducational FacilitiesMedical FacilitiesRole of voluntary organizations
Refrences• http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/half-of-scst-teaching-posts-unfilled-in-central-varsities/article3592180.ece• http://troubledgalaxydetroyeddreams.blogspot.in/2011/09/poona-pact-and-caste-system-in-india.html• http://socialjustice.nic.in/sclist.php• http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/India_at_Glance/scst.aspx• Google BABA. www.google.com