Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry,
is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and
other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel,
medicinals and other products used to sustain
and enhance human life.
• Branch of farming which involves rearing of fish
and prawn on a commercial basis.
• It includes : a. Edible fish
b. Ornamental fish
Egs. Of edible fish : Gourami, Karpe, Rohu, Katla
Egs. Of ornamental fish : Gold fish, Angel, Molly
Egs. Of prawn : Naaran, karrah
• Cattle rearing involves the breeding, birthing, and
general care of cattle, be it beef cattle or dairy
Egs. Of cow : Sunandini, Jersey, Swiss brown,
Hollstein, Red Sindhi
Egs. Of goat : Jamnapuri, Malabari, Pashmina,
Egs. Of buffalo : Niliravi, Murrah, Badavari
• Beekeeping (or apiculture, from Latin apis, bee) is
the maintenance of honey bee colonies,
commonly in hives, by humans.
• to collect honey and other products of the hive
(including beeswax, propolis, pollen, and royal
Egs. Of Varieties : Mellifera & Apis ( Njodiyan)
• Sericulture is the rearing of silkworms for the
production of raw silk.
Egs. Of Varieties : Bombyx mori, Bombyx textor,
• It is also called Fungiculture
• Fungiculture is the process of producing food,
medicine, and other products by the cultivation
of mushrooms and other fungi.
Egs. Of Varieties grown in kerala : Salt
mushroom, Perungala mushroom, Mundu
mushroom, Top-shaped mushroom
• method of growing crops on sides of hills or
mountains by planting on graduated terraces built
into the slope.
• developed first by the Inca people.
• to maximize arable land area in variable terrains
and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.
• Floriculture, or flower farming, is concerned with
the cultivation of flowering and ornamental
plants for gardens and for floristry.
• include bedding plants, houseplants, flowering
garden and pot plants, cut cultivated greens, and
Egs. Pelargonium, Impatiens, Petunia
• Efficient utilization of scarce and costly resources
is the need of the hour to make crop production a
viable proposition in the present day competitive
• It provides alternate and sustainable avocation to
marginal and sub-marginalfarmers. Fruit,
mushroom, apiary, animal production and poultry
have beenmore viable with them.
• A better planning and utilization of the
available resources will usher in bright
prospects for the farm economy as a whole.