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Types of farming ppt

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Types of farming

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Types of farming ppt

  1. 1. POWER POINT PRESENTATION Submitted to : LESHA MAM Submitted by : SHARI.K.S Natural science 13917027
  2. 2. TYPES OF FARMING
  3. 3. FARMING Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry, is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinals and other products used to sustain and enhance human life.
  4. 4. TYPES OF FARMING • SERICULTURE • PISCICULTURE • APICULTURE • MUSHROOM CULTIVATION • FLORICULTURE • TERRACE FARMING • ANIMAL HUSBANDARY
  5. 5. PISCICULTURE • Branch of farming which involves rearing of fish and prawn on a commercial basis. • It includes : a. Edible fish b. Ornamental fish c. Prawns  Egs. Of edible fish : Gourami, Karpe, Rohu, Katla  Egs. Of ornamental fish : Gold fish, Angel, Molly  Egs. Of prawn : Naaran, karrah
  6. 6. CATTLE REARING • Cattle rearing involves the breeding, birthing, and general care of cattle, be it beef cattle or dairy cattle. • varieties  Egs. Of cow : Sunandini, Jersey, Swiss brown, Hollstein, Red Sindhi  Egs. Of goat : Jamnapuri, Malabari, Pashmina, Bengal  Egs. Of buffalo : Niliravi, Murrah, Badavari
  7. 7. APICULTURE • Beekeeping (or apiculture, from Latin apis, bee) is the maintenance of honey bee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. • to collect honey and other products of the hive (including beeswax, propolis, pollen, and royal jelly)  Egs. Of Varieties : Mellifera & Apis ( Njodiyan)
  8. 8. SERICULTURE • Sericulture is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.  Egs. Of Varieties : Bombyx mori, Bombyx textor, Bombyx fortunatux
  9. 9. MUSHROOM CULTURE • It is also called Fungiculture • Fungiculture is the process of producing food, medicine, and other products by the cultivation of mushrooms and other fungi.  Egs. Of Varieties grown in kerala : Salt mushroom, Perungala mushroom, Mundu mushroom, Top-shaped mushroom
  10. 10. TERRACE FARMING • method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. • developed first by the Inca people. • to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.
  11. 11. FLORICULTURE • Floriculture, or flower farming, is concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry. • include bedding plants, houseplants, flowering garden and pot plants, cut cultivated greens, and cut flowers.  Egs. Pelargonium, Impatiens, Petunia
  12. 12. CONCLUSION • Efficient utilization of scarce and costly resources is the need of the hour to make crop production a viable proposition in the present day competitive scenario. • It provides alternate and sustainable avocation to marginal and sub-marginalfarmers. Fruit, mushroom, apiary, animal production and poultry have beenmore viable with them.
  13. 13. • A better planning and utilization of the available resources will usher in bright prospects for the farm economy as a whole.
  14. 14. THANK YOU

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